Romanticism is a cultural movement that originated in the 18th century and reached its peak in the 1800s and 1850s. It influenced art, music, and literary works. Its popularity peaked in the late 1800s, with its artistic and intellectual output reaching its greatest heights during this time.
Romanticism is primarily associated with German, French, and English authors. However, it also developed in other European countries. For example, Italian Romantic literature was influenced by authors such as Giacomo Leopardi, Alessandro Manzoni, Angel de Saavedra, and Jose de Espronceda. In Russia, Russian authors like Mikhail Lermontov and Aleksandrov were influential.
The romantic period was largely inspired by the French Revolution, which was characterized by ideas of freedom, equality, and social progress. This movement incorporated classical values and ideals into art, while adding a touch of emotion and drama. While the Romantic period produced many neoclassicist artists, their numbers dwindled with time.
Romantic literature explores the importance of the creative impulse and imagination. They emphasized capturing the “sensuous nuance” of the world, and emphasized the aesthetic quality of human beings and the beauty of nature. The romantics also praised women’s beauty and the power of their imaginations.
The Romantic period influenced art, literature, and music. It influenced both modern and classic art. In Europe, Romantic artists integrated national identity into their works. For example, artists like Francisco Goya and Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Trioson incorporated their national identity into their works. The English Romantic landscape painters were known for combining landscape with naturalism.