When was the Holocaust?
The Holocaust—also known as the Shoah or Ha-Shoah (Hebrew: השואה)—was a genocide in which Nazi Germany and its collaborators killed about 6 million Jews. It also included the systematic killing of other groups, including Roma (Gypsies), the disabled, Soviet prisoners of war, gay men, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and political opponents. The Nazis used propaganda to spread anti-Semitism and make the German people hate the Jews. They also passed laws that made the Jews second-class citizens. In 1941, the Nazis began to systematically kill Jews in concentration and extermination camps. They also killed Jews in ghettos and in mass shootings. The Holocaust ended in 1945 when the Nazis were defeated. The Holocaust was a terrible event in which many innocent people were killed. We must never forget what happened during this period of history!