Leonardo da Vinci was an Italian painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist and writer. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived. He was born on April 15, 1452 in Vinci, Republic of Florence and died on May 2 1519 in Cloux, Kingdom of France. His full name was Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci which means “Leonardo son of (Mes)ser Piero from Vinci.” Leonardo apprenticed as a painter with Andrea del Verrocchio in Florence and eventually rose to become his studio’s head artist where he painted The Last Supper and Mona Lisa among many other works. In addition to being a talented painter and sculptor Leonardo was also a musician who played the lyre; an architect who designed buildings; a mathematician who calculated pi to dozens of decimal points; an engineer who sketched designs for machines centuries before they were built; an inventor who created weapons and scientific instruments; an anatomist who studied human bodies; a geologist who studied rocks; a cartographer who drew maps.His genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance Man, a man of “unquenchable curiosity” and “feverishly inventive imagination”. He is also well known for his drawings of the human body, in particular his anatomical drawings of the heart and vascular system.