During the Elizabethan period, it was a patriarchal society where men were considered the stronger sex and women were subordinate to men. Women had no voice in society; therefore their decisions weren’t accounted for. The only control a woman had over her life was if she were to commit suicide. Men decided whom the woman should marry and woman had to obey their father’s or any other man’s wishes. In Romeo and Juliet, Capulet controls Juliet’s life, but what makes it easier is that Juliet is still a child so she could be easily influenced.
Women who refused to marry would be disowned and stripped of her status.
Despite Romeo and Juliet being set during the Elizabethan period when men were the dominative sex. Shakespeare had decided to make a decision that would have a powerful effect on the audience. He has given Juliet a conscience to think for herself, a voice and a strong will to endure all the suffering she will undergo.
This proves that Juliet was the strongest out of her and Romeo despite her gender. Romeo has proven to be weak and crack under pressure. Juliet’s defiance was a huge step forward for the female sex, giving them an opinion besides that of their father.
Shakespeare’s decision was a huge statement to the patriarchal society back then. Society wasn’t fair during the Elizabethan period as women suffered in silence, however then same trend still continues today in some countries. Capulet was very reluctant, when it came to Paris asking for Juliet’s hand in marriage because she’s so young; therefore he’s very cautious at first. Also, because of Juliet’s age. Capulet thinks that she is still a child therefore she is vulnerable. We see that Capulet is in control of Juliet’s future and she has no say in this marriage until later, even then it was ignored.
Capulet has agreed that if Paris can woo Juliet then she’s all his. In one hand Capulet is in charge by making Juliet’s decisions for her but on the other hand Juliet is given a say, deciding whether or not to marry Paris. “My child is a stranger in the world. ” First of all this means that Juliet is still regarded as a child and she is not ready to take on such great responsibilities. When Paris proposes the idea of marrying thirteen year old Juliet, Capulet said that he wants Juliet to marry a man who she loves and it would be her decision.
Although Capulet said Juliet was too young the legal age marriage in Shakespeare’s time was twelve for girls and fourteen for boys. “Let two more summers wither in their pride. ” He wants Juliet to be sixteen before becoming a bride. By then she would’ve matured. As a father you feel the need to protect your family from any potential danger, therefore Capulet wants to learn more about Paris before giving consent. “The earth hath swallow’d all my hopes but she. ” Juliet is his only child and joy. Juliet is his only hope. Even though everything in the world is removed from him, he is left with Juliet which to him is everything. The earth hath swallowed -” The earth swallowing could mean buried in the earth which suggests he has lost close ones and the world has taken anything of value from him so Juliet is all he has. “An she agree, within her scope of choice Lies my consent and fair according voice. ” If she agrees of her own accord, I give you permission. Capulet was in no state of mind to think about letting his daughter marry at such a young age. Capulet himself is in his fifties and Lady Capulet is in her thirties so he probably remembers how much trouble a young wife is.
However everyone knew that Paris and Juliet would be a good match. He says that she is a piece of fruit which is not yet “ripe” therefore it’s not sensible to marry. Because she’s a piece of fruit, Capulet implies that she would be “marr’d” (bruised, tainted or ruined) Juliet is too innocent to do such things at this age and her thirty purity is represented in the recent film when she wears an angel costume at the party. Capulet was still reeling from Tybalt’s death and he thought that letting Juliet get married on Thursday would put everyone in a better mood.
The marriage would cheer Juliet up and reduce her grief for “Tybalt”, although we know that she was grieving over Romeo’s exile. Capulet believes that Juliet would accept the marriage proposal because it would get her mind off “Tybalt”, but more importantly if Capulet wants this marriage, Juliet would have to obey because that’s how it went in a patriarchal society. The loss of a family member has put everyone in grief, but Capulet is instantly cheered up after agreeing to the marriage. Capulet does want this marriage, but it’s not just him, it’s also the Nurse and Lady Capulet (mentioned in Act 1).
Paris is wealthy, athletic, intelligent and talented so Capulet believes that this is a rare opportunity to marry someone with that many qualities. Juliet would have no say anyways because Capulet was her father so he wouldn’t need her opinion. The main reason for this marriage would take place was that it would help curtail Juliet’s grief. Tybalt was unexpectedly killed in a duel and Juliet was his only child so Capulet remembers how easily young people die in medieval Verona. As a result he decides to marry them as soon as possible.
Capulet fears death and worries that he will not have an heir so he pins all his hopes on Juliet – his only child. Because Juliet’s an only child, Capulet would like to give her the best future possible and he feels that Paris would be a good, solid husband. The marriage would give the Capulet household a higher social status, gain fame, respect and a greater influence on the Montagues because Paris is related to the Prince. If the Capulets go into business with the Prince then the family would receive money. A friendly business relationship with the Prince would mean more support for the Capulets. Nay, sit, nay, sit, good cousin Capulet, for you and I are past our dancing days, how long is it since last yourself and I Were in a mask? ” Capulet reminds everyone that time passes quickly and young lovers will become parents who will eventually grow older. Capulet wants the same for his daughter – to get married and have children. The interaction between Lady Capulet and Juliet is poor because their relationship is strained and distant. It’s very likely that Lady Capulet had an arranged marriage (age difference between her and Capulet) and it seems she went along with it obediently.
When Juliet rebels, she rebels against her mother’s way of life, the marriage that Lady Capulet had learnt to suffer through due to her having no freedom and restricted of her lifestyle. Lady Capulet has learnt to be obedient and obey her husband’s wishes even if she totally disagrees. Also, Lady Capulet could be too afraid to defy her husband, but if she was in the twenty-first century she would have more freedom and an input in Capulet’s decisions. However she will support the views of her husband because she will benefit from this marriage.
Lady Capulet wants this marriage and she praises Paris by saying he is a “man of wax” which means that he’s perfect, without fault, like a wax figure. Instead of considering Juliet’s feelings, Lady Capulet sees Paris as the chance to make a socially advantageous match for the family. Lady Capulet considers Juliet old enough for marriage and a marriage to Paris elevates their social status and increases their wealth. Lady Capulet – “So you shall have all that he doth possess. ” She wants this marriage, unlike Capulet who reluctantly agrees.
Lady Capulet shows her attitude towards marriage when she told Juliet that she’ll own everything that Paris has. Lady Capulet’s attitude was probably like this towards Capulet as well. Overall Lady Capulet is for arranged marriage and she wouldn’t have had an input anyways because it was a patriarchal society. There are benefits that Lady Capulet will gain form this marriage. Capulet initially approaches Juliet by telling her to calm down and stop crying, but also to tell her that she will marry Paris this Thursday. He believes that Juliet is crying due to her grief for Tybalt. However she is upset over Romeo’s exile.
Capulet tries to lighten the mood by making jokes. Juliet was called a “drainpipe” because she was crying so much. Capulet expects Juliet to be excited and thrilled but is let down when she refuses. Capulet is not used to being let down by a female because they were in a patriarchal society where men controlled women’s decisions. Lines 143 – 144: “Is she not proud? Doth she not count her blest, Unworthy as she is, that we have wrought so worthy a gentleman to be her bride? ” Capulet says that Juliet is not grateful nor does she realise how lucky she is to be matched up with such a great person.
Juliet is already guilt ridden by her secret affair with Romeo and disappointing her dad. However she lets Capulet down gently by saying (line 145-146) “Not proud you have, but thankful you have. Proud I can never be of what I hate. Juliet says that she is grateful for all the effort, but she cannot marry someone she doesn’t love. Capulet is surprised, angry and shocked that Juliet does not co-operate. He lashes out at her with threats of kicking her out and even death threats. “Hang thee young baggage! Disobedient wretch -” Capulet has reacted this way because he follows the old school rules – women are inferior.
Both parents weren’t used to dealing with such a strong opinionated female. Both parents have confirmed in this scene that they fail as parents as their sole concern is wealth and status. Juliet has handled this with maturity, she is self-controlled, well balanced and has become an adult. “Talk not to me, for I’ll not speak a word. Do as thou wilt, for I have done with thee. ” Lady Capulet has abandoned her only daughter and this shows that Lady Capulet can be cold and quite spiteful for not comforting her daughter. Although at the tart of the Act, Lady Capulet does try to emphasize with Juliet about arranged marriage because she herself has had one. Then the Nurse tells Juliet to marry Paris as well. The Nurse’s disloyalty can be understood because not everyone was as courageous as Juliet to stand up against society. When Juliet no longer needed the Nurse, it was a sign that she has matured in to an adult as a Nurse is a sign of childhood. Capulet at this point threatens to disown Juliet. He insults Juliet to make her feel like she’s the bad person here.
He makes her feel guilty for not marrying Paris by calling her “baggage” and she should realise how lucky she is to have all this effort put in for her. Capulet is selfish because he is throwing a rage just because he didn’t get what he wanted. Capulet is impulsive as he changes the wedding to Thursday as soon as he hears that Juliet is grieving. He doesn’t require Juliet’s permission because they were in a patriarchal society. He is short tempered and snaps as soon as Juliet refuses. In this scene Capulet is a very basic character, he doesn’t think and isn’t very reflective on the situation.
Before this Capulet was concerned for Juliet as she was grieving. The Elizabethan audience would have thought that this was the right choice. However it does the opposite of pleasing her. Capulet shows a different side. This side is a violent, angry man. Act 1 Scene 1, Capulet is a bit aggressive in protecting Juliet by refusing the marriage proposal but nothing about him was deemed violent. “Out you green-sickness carrion! ” The audience would see him as evil and the villain. He brings the play to a basic level and continues not to think. However this was normal in a patriarchal society.
His rage builds up quickly, from calm and happy to absolute anger. When he first entered, he was sarcastic – “How now conduit girl? What, still in tears? ” He was light hearted and happy. Angry – “How will she none. Doth she not give us thanks? Is she not proud? ” His questions stem from his confusion of as to why Juliet refused. This was not common for a female to have a voice in a patriarchal society. “Or I will drag thee on hurdle hither. ” Capulet is displaying his willingness to use violence on his own daughter and how angry he is. He is in such a rage that Juliet is afraid to speak and receive a punishment. My fingers itch” He’s tempted to hit Juliet. Maybe because Capulet has a history of a violent temper, Juliet and Lady Capulet have never spoken up. Juliet’s tragedy as well as Romeo’s is marked by the stars. They are ill-fated and star crossed lovers. In Act 1, when Romeo is heading to the ball he says “Hanging in the stars” which meant that fate would intervene that night. This scene has a dramatic impact with the clever emotional language and development of characters. Juliet is being deceptive and has cleverly avoided all the questions asked.
Juliet has gone from a dutiful teenage girl to a mature young woman whereas Capulet doesn’t even think at all. Juliet’s youthfulness is stressed throughout the play to illustrate her progression from adolescence to maturity and this emphasizes her position as a tragic heroine. At the end of the scene Juliet puts Friar Lawrence in a tough position by stating that if he doesn’t help her, then she will commit suicide to end her grief. The scene ends in a mood of despair which contrasts the happy start of the scene when Romeo and Juliet wake up together.
Juliet, at the ball asked the Nurse to find out if Romeo was single or else her wedding bed would be her grave. This means that if Romeo is married she would die (heartbroken). This is ironic as when Romeo and Juliet are finally together, they both die by her grave. “Make the bridal bed in that dim monument where Tybalt lies. Capulet also threatens to disown Juliet and kick her out. Juliet is abandoned by everyone, leaving her feeling suicidal. “My husband on earth, my faith is in heaven. ” Capulet tries to guilt Juliet into marrying Paris by highlighting all the good things he has done for her and she should feel fortunate that she has him.
She has been kept in “fair demenses” (good estates). He also reminds Juliet how she should be grateful that he has provided her with a secure future with Paris. “And you be not, hang, beg, starve, die in the streets, For, by my soul, I’ll ne’er acknowledge thee, Nor what is mine shall never do thee good:” This means that Juliet can go live on the street and whatever Capulet has or gives her is never enough. Capulet believes that he has found Juliet a good husband, but everyone knows that the Capulet family would have a lot to gain form this marriage.
The Capulets would gain more support from the Prince, become wealthier and have a higher social ranking. Other than that, Paris has a lot of qualities that Capulet is looking for: intelligent, athletic, (wealthy) and talented. Capulet would be willing to hit Juliet and drag her to the church if she refuses. Capulet would disown Juliet and strip her of her status. Lady Capulet cannot argue against Capulet because she fears him, but most importantly, they were in a patriarchal society so Lady Capulet’s opinions would be ignored. Lady Capulet would benefit from this marriage so she would have no problems with it.
Juliet is advised to marry Paris over the “dishclout” Romeo. Marrying Paris would be bigamy and Juliet would rather take her own life. Anyways, she couldn’t marry someone she didn’t love. She’s remaining faithful to Romeo and this shows that she has become a mature, independent young woman. Capulet has played a huge role in Juliet’s wedding. The reason for this was that it was a patriarchal society so he would’ve handled everything. Capulet was genuinely concerned with providing Juliet a secure future because she was his only child.
Capulet in Act 3 Scene 5 started off being happy. At the start he was very reluctant to agreeing to the wedding, but he eventually agrees because he would do anything to curtail Juliet’s grief. Even after the argument, he still felt the need for the wedding to continue. Maybe because she needed a man to control her and if she wouldn’t listen to her dad then Paris would be second choice. “Ties up my tongue and not let me speak. ” Capulet is speechless when finding out about Juliet’s death and when he was ranting too Juliet about how she can go die, he feels guilty.
After Juliet’s death, Capulet is starting to think that the marriage was a bad idea and how it affected Juliet (suicide). He goes back to thinking that Juliet was too young. Capulet didn’t want a marriage until Juliet was sixteen; he was just considering Juliet’s feelings. At the beginning of the play, when Capulet first asked Juliet to marry Count Paris, Juliet was obedient and took her father’s advice. She believed her parents wanted best for her. It was an overall loving relationship where Juliet followed Capulet’s orders. “My daughter is yet a stranger in the world. Shakespeare chose the word stranger because Juliet hasn’t seen much of the world and is too young to marry. This shows that Capulet loves his daughter and wants to hold on to her for longer. Capulet arranged the marriage to Paris because he had status and money which Capulet thought was good. Therefore, Capulet could care for his daughter. Paris is considered quite a catch (Nurse and Lady Capulet 1. 3) Capulet saw Paris as a good husband because of his numerous qualities, but he wanted this marriage as soon as possible due to Tybalt’s death and having no heir.
Juliet refused the offer to marry Paris because she was in love with Romeo and she couldn’t marry someone she didn’t love. Also, marrying Paris would result in bigamy. Juliet was already guilt ridden by deceiving her parents and having to refuse her father tore her apart. She realises that she is fortunate to have all this done for her and wants Capulet to see it too but his rage blinded him. Capulet is enraged when Juliet rebels. He threatens to disown Juliet. He reacts in this manner because he feels that Juliet has been taking him for a ride.
He has given Juliet everything since she was born and she has thrown it back in his face. Juliet wishes to delay the marriage and run away or commit suicide. She wants to run away to Romeo and begs her parents to postpone the marriage. She eventually agrees to the marriage to calm her dad, but also she has something planned. Capulet feels better because he is back in control and his daughter is once again obedient. Capulet feels ashamed that he had driven Juliet to commit suicide. As time passed, Juliet and her father gradually became distant. He felt shocked and guilty from his actions.
Cite this Romeo and Juliet C+J Relationship
Romeo and Juliet C+J Relationship. (2016, Sep 29). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/romeo-and-juliet-cj-relationship/