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Sociology and Sociological Perspectives

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    Learning Outcomes (BTEC Unit Specification)

    On completion of this unit you should:

    1. Understand sociological perspectives
    2. Understand sociological approaches to health and social care

    In addition, you will also need to:

    Word processed your work
    Include your name, PIN & page numbers in a footer
    Use Harvard Referencing System in your work including a reference list Provide evidence of wider research by using various sources, e.g. websites, journals, text books. 1.5 line space
    Use 12pt font size (Arial or Comic Sans)

    Grading Criteria

    To achieve a Pass you will need to pass in all of the pass criteria questions

    To achieve a Merit you will need to pass all of the pass criteria questions and all of the merit criteria questions

    To achieve a Distinction you will need to pass all of the pass criteria, all of the merit criteria and all of the distinction criteria

    You have two hand-in dates for each assignment; please feel free to hand-in your assignments before the hand-in date.

    Please do not email your assignments as they will not be accepted

    Reading List

    Boys, D and Langridge, E (2007) BTEC National Health and Social Care Book 1. Nelson Thornes.

    Stretch, B and Whitehouse, M (2007) BTEC National Health and Social Care Book 1. Heinemann.

    Stretch, B and Whitehouse, M (2010) BTEC National Health and Social Care Student Book 1. Heinemann.

    You may also find it useful to use AS and A2 Sociology books from the LRC.

    Task One – P1, P2 & M1

    Launch date:
    First Submission date:
    Second submission date:

    Carefully read and answer the following questions

    1) Explain the principal sociological perspectives. (P1)

    Using sociological terms, produce an information booklet explaining the seven principle sociological perspectives:

    Functionalism
    Marxism
    Feminism
    Interactionism
    Collectivism
    Post-modernism
    The New Right

    Grading Tip
    To achieve a pass grade, you will need to explain each perspectives view on social structures, social status, social roles, social class, diversity, culture, values, beliefs, norms and socialisation. You should show an understanding of the functions of the family, the place of women in the home or the range of services provided by the state in a collectivist society. Approximately 200 words for each perspective would be a good guide.

    2) Explain different sociological approaches to health and ill health. (P2)

    Produce a written explanation demonstrating your understanding of the different sociological approaches to different concepts of health, ill health and the sick role. You must include the following in your explanations:

    The concepts of health
    Negative
    Positive
    Holistic
    World Health Organisation (WHO) definition of health

    Concepts of ill health
    Disability and impairment
    Illness and disease
    The Clinical Iceberg

    The Sick Role
    Grading Tip
    When explaining the different concepts of health, ill health and the sick role you will need to consider and apply the different sociological perspectives you explained in P1, such as the opposing views of Functionalists and Marxists on the different concepts of health.

    Case Study – M1

    Mohammed and Sonia have five young children. Sonia’s elderly parents live with them. Their three bedroom house is in a deprived and rather depressing area of Leeds. Their house is in a poor state of repair, it is damp, draughty and very expensive to keep warm in the winter. Neither Mohamed nor Sonia is currently in paid work.

    The family is in poor health. In the winter the children seem to have permanent colds. Sonia suffers from asthma and her father has bronchitis. Sonia’s mother is depressed and has been prescribed drugs for the condition.

    3) Assess the biomedical and socio-medical models of health. (M1)

    Referring to the case study above assess the biomedical and socio-medical models of health.

    Grading Tip
    Your explanations should clearly point to the different focuses of the models – the bio-medical model which focuses on the individual and the absence of disease, and the socio-medical, which foregrounds the environmental factors that are linked with health and illness; you should use appropriate examples for each model to do this. You will also need to consider the strengths and weaknesses of the bio-medical and socio-medical models of health. You will need to come to your own conclusion about each models usefulness in the above situation and decide which is the most helpful approach.

    Task Two – P3, M2 & D1

    Launch date:
    First Submission date:
    Second submission date:

    Carefully read and answer the following questions in essay format

    Scenario

    You have been asked by your employer to research into which social groupings in the United Kingdom are most in need of health and social care services. Your research will assist in the planning of health and social care provision for those social groupings most in need. You are required to use statistical data and produce your findings in an essay format.

    1) Explain patterns and trends in health and illness among different social groupings. (P3)

    To achieve P3 you will need to explain the different patterns and trends in health and illness in the following social groupings according to factors such as:

    Gender
    Social class
    Ethnicity
    Age
    Geographical location

    Grading Tip
    You may consider differences in life expectancy, morbidity and mortality rates, incidence of disease and suicide rates, and suggest reasons for these differences. You will need to refer to statistical data from a range of sources to explain the patterns of health and illnesses in the range of different social groups. When using statistics, make sure you use up-to-date and reliable data, and clearly reference your work – it may be a good idea to include your statistical data.

    2) Use different sociological perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups. (M2)

    With reference to P3, use the following four sociological perspectives for health and illness to discuss the patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups:

    1. Artefact explanation
    2. Natural/social selection explanation
    3. Cultural/behavioural explanation
    4. Materialist/structural explanation

    Grading Tip
    You need to use the language and tools of sociology to examine trends in health and illness in two different social groups. You should apply all four perspectives to each social group. When examining the patterns of health and illness you may consider the difficulties involved in defining health and issues relating to the reliability if statistical data.

    3) Evaluate different sociological explanations for patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groupings (D1)

    With reference to P3 & M2, examine and determine the value of each of the four sociological explanations for health and illness in helping to explain the patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups.

    Grading Tip
    Evaluate the four sociological explanations for health inequalities in terms of explaining the patterns of the two social groups you have chosen. You may present the evaluation in separate paragraphs, one for each of the four sociological explanations, reviewing the evidence as it applies to the two social groups. You will also need to evaluate, for both social groups, the quality of the evidence for the differences in health and well-being. You will need to consider the strengths and weaknesses of the evidence and come to your own conclusion. For example, you could ask: ‘Is there sufficient reliable evidence to suggest that there is a difference in the health and well-being of people in higher social classes as compared with the lower social classes or between men and women?’

    This essay was written by a fellow student. You may use it as a guide or sample for writing your own paper, but remember to cite it correctly. Don’t submit it as your own as it will be considered plagiarism.

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    Sociology and Sociological Perspectives. (2016, Aug 07). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/sociology-and-sociological-perspectives/

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