Stalin And The Ussr Research Paper Essay
Stalin And The Ussr Essay, Research Paper
Stalin, Joseph Vissarionovich
1879-1953, Russian revolutionist, caput of the USSR
( 1924-53 ) . A Georgian shoemaker & # 8217 ; s boy named
Dzhugashvili, he joined the Social-Democratic party
while a seminarian and shortly became a professional
radical. In the 1903 party split ( see BOLSHEVISM
AND MENSHEVISM ) he sided with LENIN. Stalin
attended party Congresss abroad and worked in the
Georgian party imperativeness. In 1912 he went to St. Petersburg,
where he was elected to the party & # 8217 ; s cardinal commission.
About this clip he took the name Stalin ( adult male of steel ) .
His 6th apprehension ( 1913 ) led to four old ages of Siberian expatriate.
After the RUSSIAN REVOLUTION of March 1917, he
joined the column board of the party paper Pravda.
When the Bolsheviks took power ( Nov. 1917 ) he became
people & # 8217 ; s commissar of nationalities. He besides played an
of import administrative function in the civil war ( 1918-20 ) . In
1922 Stalin was made general secretary of the party.
Lenin, before he died in 1924, wrote a testament pressing
Stalin & # 8217 ; s remotion from the station because of his arbitrary
behavior ; but in the battle to win Lenin, Stalin
was winning. By 1927 he had discarded his erstwhile
Alliess BUKHARIN, KAMENEV, and ZINOVIEV ; in 1929
TROTSKY, his major challenger for the sequence, was exiled
from the USSR. Forcible agricultural collectivisation and
breakneck industrialisation beg
an in 1928. The province,
alternatively of shriveling off, as Marx had foreseen, was
glorified. Patriotism was revived as socialism in one
state. The armed forces was reorganized along czarist lines.
Conservatism permeated official policy on art,
instruction, and the household. Political repression and panic
reached a tallness in the 1930s. In a public test Bukharin,
Kamenev, Zinoviev, and others were charged with
cabaling to subvert the government ; they confessed and
were executed. Enormous Numberss of ordinary citizens
besides fell victim. Stalin & # 8217 ; s foreign policy in the 1930s
focused on attempts to organize confederations with Britain and
France against NAZI Germany ; the 1939 Russo-German
nonaggression treaty marked the failure of these attempts.
In 1941 Stalin took over the premiership from
MOLOTOV. The German invasion ( June 22 ) found him
unprepared ; at war & # 8217 ; s terminal ( 1945 ) 20 million Russians were
dead ( see UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS ) .
At the TEHERAN CONFERENCE and the Yalta
CONFERENCE Stalin gained Western acknowledgment of a
Soviet domain of influence in Eastern Europe. The
paranoia of his last old ages led to a period of panic
reminiscent of the 1930s. On his decease ( 1953 ) his organic structure
was placed following to Lenin & # 8217 ; s. In 1956, at the 20th Party
Congress, KHRUSHCHEV denounced Stalin & # 8217 ; s dictatorship,
but de-Stalinization has ne’er been thoroughgoing