Supreme Court Case Essay
The reason I chose the Supreme Court case Browder vs. Gayle was because of its segregation. In the early nineteen hundreds blacks and whites were separated, if they were to walk into a restaurant they had to sit in the back, the blacks had different bathrooms than the whites, and they weren’t near as clean or high in class as for the whites were. And this was a time when everybody was supposed to be “equal”. There were several cases that blacks have tried to reach the Supreme Court but end up falling a little short each time, but the Browder vs.
Gayle case went through, and won. The Browder vs. Gayle was a significant case in the U. S history. If this case didn’t pass through Supreme Court, Jackie Robinson maybe never played major league baseball, and President Obama wouldn’t quite be a president. Segregation could still be a part of our culture if this case hasn’t had won. The Supreme Court case Browder vs. Gayle was first introduced on February 1st 1956 and then nine months later it was passed through Supreme Court. * It was four women in particular — Aurelia Browder, Susie McDonald, Claudette Colvin and Mary Louise Smith — who served as plaintiffs in the legal action challenging Montgomery’s segregated public transportation system. It was their case — Browder v. Gayle — that a district court and, eventually, the U. S. Supreme Court would use to strike down segregation on buses. Probably the most well-known of the four plaintiffs was Claudette Colvin. A 15-year old student at Booker T.
Washington High School, she boarded a bus on March 2, 1955. After refusing to give up her seat to a white man, Colvin was handcuffed, arrested and forcibly removed from the bus, as she screamed that her Constitutional rights were being violated. Claudette Colvin after being arrested said “ Mrs. Parks said always do what was right” those words our very power for me because not only did Rosa Parks preach about only doing the right thing she fought for it too. And shortly after, 9 month later, Rosa parks was arrested. * On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, a 42-year-old woman took a seat on the bus on her way home from the Montgomery Fair department store where she worked as a seamstress. Before she reached her destination, she quietly set off a social revolution when the bus driver instructed her to move back, and she refused. Rosa Parks, an African American, was arrested that day for violating a city law requiring racial segregation of public buses. After Mrs. Parks was convicted under city law, her lawyer filed a notice of appeal.
While her appeal was tied up in the state court of appeals, a panel of three judges in the U. S. District Court for the region ruled in another case that racial segregation of public buses was unconstitutional. That case, called Browder v. Gayle, was decided on June 4, 1956. The ruling was made by a three-judge panel that included Frank M. Johnson, Jr. , and upheld by the United States Supreme court on November 13, 1956. The main problem in the Browder vs. Gayle case is that the segregation was still being force after the thirteenth amendment abolished slavery and the fourteenth ended segregation.
After Lincoln abolished slavery the U. S slowly started becoming together. But there was still segregation all throughout the country. The problem in this case was that there were four teenagers that were forced to give up there seat, and by law they didn’t have too. But 15 year old women refused and took it to court. You think, but it’s just a bus seat? It’s not, its integrity, being told white people are automatically better than you because their skin color is white.
Racism has been a problem for years, in the late sixties there was a KKK in Gainesville Texas that had hung a African American only because of his skin color. The city did nothing about it for several years until the late seventies and they started going back and reading letters on when that hanging occurred. The town I live in and the town next to me have very few African Americans living here. Gainesville Texas isn’t but only 45 minutes away from us, and its sad to say, but in my opinion I think there was KKK here in either Ponder or Krum in the early years that ran off all the blacks.