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The Fight over the Rizal Law

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    | RELATED STORIES | ||| * Shetty raps Indian ‘lunatic fringe’ for Gere kiss dither * Sandra Bullock seeks keeping order for stalker * ‘Scary Spice’ takes purpose at Eddie Murphy over paternity| | ||IN THIS SECTIONMOST EMAILEDMOST READ * Why are the monetary values of nutrient lifting? * Very bad thought * Another campaigner for Ombudsman * Choosing between books and bola tie * Free gold More Narratives »|



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    || OTHER COLUMNS| ||| * Pinoy Kasi: Free gold / Michael Tan * Looking Back: Choosing between books and bola tie / Ambeth Ocampo * At Large: Another campaigner for Ombudsman / Rina Jimenez-David * There’s The Rub: Very bad thought / Conrado De Quiros * As I See It: Why are the monetary values of nutrient lifting? / Neal Cruz * At Large: A ‘two-pronged’ onslaught / Rina Jimenez-David * There’s The Rub: Still. conceive of / Conrado De Quiros| | |


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    Looking BackThe battle over the Rizal Law By Ambeth OcampoInquirerFirst Posted 01:53:00 05/04/2007


    Filed Under: Laws. People. Human Interest. EducationMANILA. Philippines — While composing the decision of this bipartite column. I caught a narrative on CNN sing a new hurdle for prospective immigrants to the United States. Aside from an English proficiency trial. they now have to go through an unwritten history trial before they are granted US citizenship. Americans were non comfy with the history dad quiz. sing this better suited for? Jeopardy? than the US Immigration and Naturalization Service. A reappraisal category was shown with the instructor reminding the pupils about the colourss of the American flag. While most cognize it was ruddy. white and blue. person added xanthous into the mix. Knowledge of history. it was argued. made a better citizen. We are ruled by many Torahs. yet we seldom read these if merely to derive an grasp of their spirit and purpose. Republic Act 1425. better known as the Rizal Law. was passed to learn Filipino pupils patriotism or love of state as expressed in the life and Hagiographas of Jose Rizal. The preamble provinces that it is the responsibility of schools? to develop moral character. personal subject. civic scruples. and to learn the responsibilities of citizenship. ? On those general footings. there is nil controversial except that one of the agencies to that terminal was to do Rizal? s? Noli Me Tangere? and? El Filibusterismo? required reading in schools. Sing the novels. in portion. anti-Catholic. the Church could non accept these as? a changeless and animating beginning of nationalism with which the heads of the young person. particularly during their formative and decisive old ages in school. should be suffused. ? as the jurisprudence provinces. Traveling through the novels with a fine-tooth comb. specific transitions were deemed violative to the Catholic religion. Church spokesmen argued that Catholics could read selected transitions from Rizal? s work. but to oblige Catholics to read Rizal? s novels in its? unexpurgated? or uncensored version was to coerce unorthodoxy on them and go against their freedom of scruples. Catholic schools put up a good battle and even threatened to shut down if the Rizal measure was passed. Claro M. Recto calmly told them to travel in front so the province could so nationalise all the schools and learn what it wanted.

    The Church retreated but threatened to? penalize? mistaking legislators in future elections. Recto was undaunted. A via media was suggested with a proposal to utilize? expurgated? versions of the novels as text editions. with the? unexpurgated? transcripts to be kept under lock and key in the school libraries. to be used or made available merely at the discretion and or blessing of higher school functionaries. Recto pushed in front. He did non desire an debased reading of the novels. he did non desire a watered-down measure and declared. ? The people who would extinguish the books of Rizal from the schools would blot out from our heads the memory of the national hero. This is non a battle against Recto but a battle against Rizal. Now that Rizal is dead and they can no longer try at his life. they are trying to blot out his memory. ? Section 1 of RA 1425 provinces: ? Courses on the life. plants and Hagiographas of Jose Rizal. peculiarly his novels. shall be included in the course of study of all schools. colleges and universities. public or private ; Provided that in the collegiate classs. the original or unexpurgated editions or their English interlingual renditions shall be used as basic texts. ? It is clear from this that pupils are to read either the original Spanish or interlingual renditions of these. and that they should be read whole and unedited. yet a via media is besides found in the jurisprudence: ? The Board of National Education is hereby authorised and directed to follow forthwith steps to implement and transport out the commissariats of this Section. including the authorship and printing of appropriate primers. readers and text editions. The Board shall proclaim regulations and ordinances. including those of a disciplinary nature. to transport out and implement the ordinances of this Act.

    The Board shall proclaim regulations and ordinances supplying for the freedom of pupils. for ground of spiritual belief stated in a pledged written statement. from the demand of the proviso contained in the 2nd portion of the first paragraph of this subdivision ; but non from taking the class. ? It is non good known that an freedom from the reading of the novels. based on spiritual belief. is available. but non freedom from the class. To day of the month cipher has applied for this freedom. Besides. anyone who wants to avail himself of it won? T cognize how to travel about it. The following two subdivisions have to make with doing the novels available. Section 2 directs schools to maintain? an adequate? figure of transcripts of the novels in their libraries. Do school libraries today have enough on the shelves to function the full school population? What is the purpose of the jurisprudence. to do transcripts available free for every pupil or simply keep plenty for mention? Section 3 adds that the Board of National Education should hold the novels translated into the major Philippine linguistic communications. ? do them to be printed in cheap. popular editions ; and do them to be distributed. free of charge. to individuals wanting to read them. through the Purok organisations and the Barrio Councils throughout the state. ? Can we travel to our? barangay? [ small towns ] today and acquire transcripts of Rizal? s novels for free? I doubt it. But returning to the jurisprudence and cognizing how it came to assist us appreciate the principle for holding Rizal taught in schools today. * * *Comments are welcome at [ electronic mail protected ]Inquirer columnsPrevious columns: Teaching Rizal? 05/02/07

    Tolentino and the Calatagan Pot? 4/27/07A work of art and a message? 04/25/07Windows to different times and topographic points? 4/20/07Lost Eden? 04/18/07Museums? 4/13/07|



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    Makati City. Metro Manila. PhilippinesOr facsimile nos. +63 2 8974793 to 94|||


    Related Narrative: * Shetty blames Indian ‘lunatic fringe’ for Gere kiss dither * Sandra Bullock seeks keeping order for stalker * ‘Scary Spice’ takes purpose at Eddie Murphy over paternity

    OTHER STORIES: * The Philippine Hope Ball * Osama’s no Martyr. but the Man Prevailed

    Column: * Pinoy Kasi: Free gold / Michael Tan * Looking Back: Choosing between books and bola tie / Ambeth Ocampo * At Large: Another campaigner for Ombudsman / Rina Jimenez-David * There’s The Rub: Very bad thought / Conrado De Quiros * As I See It: Why are the monetary values of nutrient lifting? / Neal Cruz * At Large: A ‘two-pronged’ onslaught / Rina Jimenez-David * There’s The Rub: Still. conceive of / Conrado De Quiros|

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