The Sudan Darfur conflict

Table of Content

The weak have ever been oppressed by the strong. This gives rise to unfair intervention to a peculiar subdivision of the society and leads to violent struggles. frequently taking a really heavy toll on the life of legion guiltless people. The Sudan Dartfur struggle is an inevitable consequence of the unfair intervention to the people of Darfur part. after Sudan attained independency. Furthermore the geographics of the part and the local political relations of the adjacent states like Chad. Libya and Ethiopia have besides played an of import function in development of this struggle. which has already become critical. The horror of this crisis is apparent from a study filed by an UN minister plenipotentiary. who had personally visited the part.

It states. “ The 23 Fur small towns in the Shattaya Administration unit have been wholly depopulated. looted. and burned to the land ( the squad observed several such sites driving through the country for two yearss ) . Meanwhile. dotted alongside these charred locations are unarmed. populated and working Arab colonies. In some locations. the distance between a destroyed Fur small town and an Arab small town is less than 500 meters” . ( Darfur Conflict ) This struggle is intensifying for the worst as clip base on ballss by. and is non likely to stop in the close hereafter. The worst portion is that the universe community is simply a witness in this issue. and the NGOs have started retreating from the part. because of a security menace to their ain staff.

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History/Geography of Darfur

A reappraisal of the geographics and the history of this part will assist in developing a proper apprehension of the struggle. The Darfur part. is surrounded by Chad. Libya. Egypt and the remainder of Sudan on the E and the South. This part is a mix of Sahara desert. the volcanic mountains. and fields. The really small agribusiness is to a great extent dependent on monsoons. which are frequently irregular and pantie. In short. the geographics of the part puts infinite restrictions to the development of the people of this part. The Darfur part ( Darfur ) Darfur’s traceable history day of the months back to the fourteenth century. It had dynastic regulation till the twentieth century. when it was colonized by the British. and merged with Sudan. This state became independent in 1956. The policies of the authorities ever favored the population shacking on the eastern belt of Sudan. specially along the river Nile.

The population of the western belt was wholly sidelined. This instability of intervention resulted in an resistance. The laden people of the Darfur part raised their voice against the oppressor. the authorities of Sudan. . All this happened in the twosome of decennaries after the Independence. This is the root of the Sudan-Darfur struggle. ( Darfur struggle ) The Libyan swayer. Gaddafi and his aspiration of set uping Arab domination. was besides responsible for the ill- intervention of the Darfur population by the Sudan authorities. ( Darfur struggle ) . The struggle ( 2003 – 2007 ) The Rebel groups of Darfur part had become active since 2001. but the struggle started with an armed onslaught on Golo. the head one-fourth of Jebel Marra territory. on 26 February 2003.

On 25 April 2003. the Rebels attacked al-Fashir. It was unprecedented success for the Rebel groups. At this clip. the Sudanese ground forces was busy on the southern and the northern foreparts. Nor was it capable to contend in the desert. The Rebels continued their onward March by winning 34 out of 38 battles with the Sudan military forces. At this point of clip. the Sudan authorities inducted Herders of the Bagga folk. known as Janjaweed. into the military violative operations. Janjaweeds were non military forces. but good armed groups. supported by the authorities. The retrieval of the state of affairs was really fast. and in early 2004. Janjaweed had already killed many 1000s and forced many 1000000s to resign. The victims were of class. the non-Arabs of the Darfur part. Over a million took safety in the adjacent Chad. which mediated for a ceasefire. in April 2004.

This understanding did non convey the expected peace. The magnitude of force spread by the Janjawweds compelled the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan to publish a warning of a race murder in the Darfur and private perceivers accused of cultural cleaning. In May 2004. Brussels based International crisis group expressed fright that every bit many as 350. 000 people may decease due to famishment and diseases. The attempts by the African Union to halt the armed struggle have failed. as it was able to deploy merely 7000 soldiers and had no more resources. Sudan did non maintain its word. harmonizing to the 2004 understanding. International intercession was a must. as the panic leashed by Janjaweeds was dismaying. In July 2006. UN Secretary General called for a 18000 strong UN peace maintaining force in the country.

Sudan refused any such move by the UN. and the USA threatened of serious effects. Sudan was backed by Russia and China in the UN security council. and declarations of deployment of peace maintaining forces were vetoed by them. The UN peacekeeping force could non be deployed due to resistance from Sudan. and the Janjaweed panic continued. They used colza as an advanced attack and non their weaponries. Thousands of non-Arab females were raped. and since raped adult females were non accepted by the society. they were eliminated from the community.

The true and exact studies of what was go oning on the land are non available. because of terrible limitations by the Sudan authorities on the media. In early 2007. one more ineffectual peace pact was signed by Sudan. and violated. Violence was to halt for 60 yearss harmonizing to this pact. Alternatively. the Sudanese ground forces killed the African Union peacekeeping forces and spread the force into the bordering small towns of Chad. US President Bush threatened of terrible countenances against Sudan. on April 18 2007. if it did non halt force. In May 2007. a peace pact brokered by Saudi Arabia. was signed by Chad and Sudan. in which both parties promised non to feed the Rebel groups which worked against the either of the authoritiess.

The addition in affected sites in the part. as shown by ‘google earth’ . proves that this pact has besides non worked. The flood tide of the state of affairs was reached in June 2007 when ‘Oxfam’ announced pull out from Gereida. the largest refugee cantonment in Darfur. The chief ground for this pull out was that the local governments were non able to guarantee security of the assistance workers. Employees of NGOs working in this part are murdered and vehicles of UN and other organisations are being hijacked. Many NGOs are forced to believe of drawing out of the part. as security menace to the life of their employees is sedate plenty. Amnesty international has shown adequate groundss to turn out that both Russia and China are endorsing Sudan by providing weaponries. ammo and other equipments. ( Darfur struggle )

While the local non-Arabs of the Darfur part are mass killed. and adult females raped in a horrifying mode. many times in unfastened. the universe community is sitting and watching the show. The actions by the universe community are limited to publishing sympathy messages to the affected and menaces to Sudan. The fact that human assistance bureaus are besides be aftering to go forth the part. is so hair raising. No force has been able to halt the panic. International attempts Many international bureaus have responded to the human-centered state of affairs in Darfur. A list of the name of the bureau with its part is as follows: 1. Action against hungriness: Focus on nutrient security and nutrition in eastern Chad 2. Africare: Support husbandmans in Chad and refugees in Gozbebe 3. Air serv international: supply airlifts to the UN high commissioner 4. American Jewish word service: Raise financess to look after wellness and hygiene

5. CARE Canada: Supply nutrient. H2O. sanitation and wellness aid throughout Darfur and three cantonments in Chad 6. CARE international: Hygiene. sanitation wellness and nutrient and generative wellness 7. Carita Internationalis: Helps Sudanese refugees in Chad and develops substructure like roads and Bridgess. 8. Catholic alleviation services: Manage refugee cantonments in Farchana and Kounungo. Handles theodolite centre at Touloum 9. Church universe service: Raise financess. Provide wellness attention around Khartoum. Emergency direction with other spouses. 10. International medical corps: Health care nutrition plans providing to 18000 to 25000 people in three cantonments. 11. International deliverance commission: Focus on H2O. sanitation and wellness attention. services for kids and adult females.

12. Medair: Health. supply of indispensable drugs. 13. Medicins Sans Frontieres: Medical. Food. sanitation and H2O aid to 25000 people. Vaccination against rubeolas. 14. Norse refugee council: collect and analyze information on internal supplanting. 15. Oxfam: Provide latrines. H2O. advance hygiene in al-Fashir and Kebkayia in north Darfur. Provide installations to refugees in Chad besides. Plans to work in south Darfur besides. 16. Refugees international: study extent of supplanting in Sudan and Chad. 17. Salvage the kids: Provide plastic sheet for shelter. Besides provides Kraut tins. covers and nutrient to 10000 IDPs. ( Hoile David ) Many persons have besides come frontward to assist in this crisis. by the manner of contribution or convey the crisis to the attending of the universe community.

Some illustrations include: 1. Angelina Jolie and Brad Pitt have donated US $ 1 million to UNHCR and two NGOS to assist the affected people in Darfur. As trade name embassadors of UNHCR. They have visited the refugee cantonments in Chad besides. ( Maxim intelligence ) 2. Actor famous persons like Don Cheadle. Matt Damon and George Clooney have helped in conveying the issue to the notice of the universe community. ( Darfur struggle ) 3. A music picture is released by ‘ Green day’ . in which the affected people of Darfur speak of their experiences ( Darfur struggle )

4. Wonder cartoon strips have released a amusing book. which deals with the struggle. ( Darfur struggle ) The universe community needs to concentrate on two issues instantly. First is to halt the fury of Sudan ground forces and the Janjaweeds. even if it implies an assault on Sudan and her Alliess. Russia and China. The 2nd is to halt the issue of NGOs from the part. The Sudan authorities has to be compelled to look after the security of the assistance forces.


1. Darfur struggle. wikipedia the free encyclopaedia. 21 June 2007. Retrieved on 22 June 2007 from: & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Darfur_conflict & gt ; 2. Darfur. wikipedia. the free encyclopaedia. 21 June 2007. Retrieved on 22 June 2007 from: & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Darfur & gt ; 3. Hoile David. NGOs active on Darfur crisis. The European-Sudanese public personal businesss council. Retrieved on 22 June 2007 from: & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www. darfurinformation. com/hc_ngos_active. asp & gt ; 4. Maximnews. Anfelina Jolie. Brad Pitt donate US $ 1 million to UNHCR and two other NGOS. 2 June 2007. retrieved on 22 June 2007 from: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. maximsnews. com/107mnunjune01unhcrangelinajoliebradpittcontributionafrica. htm & gt ; 5.

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