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Vietnam Research Paper The Vietnam Conflict Essay

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Vietnam Essay, Research Paper

The Vietnam Conflict and its Effects The Vietnam struggle began in the late 19th century. The Gallic conquered Vietnam and made it a associated state. For about 40 old ages, Vietnam had non experienced settled peace. The League for the Independence of Vietnam ( Viet Minh ) was formed in 1941, seeking independency from the Gallic. On September 2nd,1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed it independent of France. The Gallic opposed their independency from 1945 to 1954. The first representatives of de Gualle & # 8217 ; s authorities landed by parachute in Saigon and Hanoi on August 23rd, 1945.

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The Gallic wanted to restore their regulation in Vietnam but were beaten at the conflict of Dien Bien Phu on May 7th, 1954. The Gallic Expeditionary Force tried to forestall the Viet Minh from come ining Laos and Dien Bien Phu was the topographic point chosen to make so. The French were non really careful and this allowed the Viet Minh to cut off their air passage to Hanoi. After a besieging that had lasted for 50 & # 8211 ; five yearss, the Gallic surrendered.

Ho Chi Minh led the war against France and won. After the war there was a conference in Geneva where Vietnam was divided into two parts along the 17th analogue. North Vietnam was chiefly Communist and supported Ho Chi Minh, while the South was supported by the United States and the Gallic were based at that place. There was still some Communist Rebels within South Vietnam. These were the Viet Cong. The South Vietnam swayer was Ngo Dinh Diem who was anti & # 8211 ; Communist. At the conference, Laos and Cambodia became independent provinces. North Vietnam wished to unite North and South Vietnam through military force. Since the United States feared the spread of communism in Asia, John F. Kennedy provided economic and military assistance to South Vietman to forestall the coup d’etat by North Vietnam. At this clip, this was still a civil war. The United States were non yet officially involved. The North Vietnamese resented the small intercession by the United Sates and so, three Vietnamese gunmans boats fired on the U.S. destroyer, & # 8221 ; Maddox & # 8221 ; on August 2nd, 1964. The & # 8221 ; Maddox & # 8221 ; had been in the Gulf of Tonkin ( international Waterss ) , 30 stat mis off the seashore of Vietnam. On August 3rd, 1964, Johnson gave the right & # 8221 ; to assail with the aim of destructing assailing forces & # 8221 ; ( Pimlott 1982, 36 ) . Retaliation air onslaughts began on August 3rd. Their purpose was to destruct North Vietnam & # 8217 ; s gunboat capableness. As two more United States destroyers were purportedly done for, more air and sea forces were sent ( Wicker August 5, 1964, 1 ) . Up until now, the U.S. had refrained from direct combat. This is when the United States officially entered the Vietman War. The U.S. did this for two grounds. We wished to keep the independency of South Vietnam and we had to turn out to allied states that we would assist them defy Communist catching. As Congress was about to vote whether or non to let the combat to travel into North Vietnam, the North Vietnamese attacked a major U.S. airbase at Bein Hoa. On February 7th, 1965, Johnson ordered revenge bombing on North Vietnam. Rolling Thunder was the name of this operation. It & # 8217 ; s aim was to set force per unit area on Hanoi and convert them that Communism could non and would non win. At the terminal of 1965, one hundred and 80 thousand Americans were in South Vietnam under General William S. Westmoreland ( Encyclopedia Britannica, 12, 361 ) . The U.S. chiefly depended on superior firepower and choppers. The Viet Cong and North Vietnamese depended on surprise onslaught and privacy. The United States soldiers realized that the war would last for many more old ages and wondered if the U.S. war attempt could win. At the terminal of 1968, The figure of American military personnels in South Vietnam reached it & # 8217 ; s extremum of 542, 000 work forces ( Pimlott 1982, 53 ) . The Viet Cong and North Vietnamese launched a major invasion against the United States called the Tet offense from January 30th to February 25th, 1968. At the Khe Sanh U.S. firebase, there was a major land conflict. There was a besieging from January 21st to April 14th. It was thought to be the & # 8221 ; American Dien Bien Phu & # 8220 ; . The United States turned it around nevertheless, with their triumph at Hue. By 1969, combat decreased quickly and American military personnels began to return place. The function of Communism was highly of import in this struggle. Communism was one of the chief grounds of why the United States entered the war in the first topographic point. The U.S. & # 8221 ; had & # 8221 ; to come in the war to halt the spread of Communism in Asia since North Vietnam was Communist. If North Vietnam were to win in change overing Vietnam into a Communist state, it could go really powerful and travel on to & # 8221 ; pursuade & # 8221 ; other states to go Communist. The U.S. believed that Vietnam could go powerful. They were amazed that France, an Allied power, had been beaten by the Vietnamese. North Vietnam was a Communist state. The adult male who had proclaimed Vietnam independent, Ho Chi Minh, was a Communist. He was a Marxist and believed in & # 8221 ; national Communism & # 8221 ; ( Encyclopedia Britannica, 5, 955 ) . During the war with the Gallic, Ho Chi Minh took safety in northern Vietnam and settled at that place with his followings. He founded the Indochina Communist Party and the Viet Minh. The Viet Minh did non go Communist until the 1950 & # 8217 ; s. He became the president of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1969. North Vietnam was a hapless country and was cut off from the agricultural benefit of South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was forced to inquire aid from major Communist Alliess & # 8211 ; the Soviet Union and China. Both aided North Vietnam before and during the war. The North Vietnamese invaded South Vietnam. They wanted to utilize military tactics to coerce fusion. The United States did non let their fusion. The U.S. knew that the Viet Cong and NorthVietnamese wished to set up one opinion authorities, the Communist Party. This led to the Vietnam War and U.S. intercession. On January 27th, 1973, South Vietnam Communist forces ( Viet Cong ) , North Vietnam, South Vietnam and the United States agreed on many things during peace negotiations that were held in Paris. The negotiations had lasted for over two old ages before any understandings were made that suited all of them. The forces involved agreed that U.S. military personnels would bit by bit retreat from Vietnam and all captives of war would be released. They besides agreed that South Vietnam had the right to take their ain hereafter, whether or non to unify with North Vietnam. North Vietnamese military personnels were given the right to stay in South Vietnam but they could non be reinforced. Nixon was the U.S. president who finalized the accepted pact and began to take United States troops. Even after the peace negotiations, contending continued between the North and South Vietnamese. After the bulk of American soldiers had left, North Vietnam went against all that was enforced at the peace negotiations. North Vietnam planned a major invasion on the South in 1975 or 1976. By April 30th, 1976, North Vietnamese armored combat vehicles had occupied Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, with no problem. On July 2nd, 1976, the state was united as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The capital became Hanoi and it was under Communist regulation. Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City after the provoker of Communism. The North Vietnamese had won. Forty & # 8211 ; seven thousand Americans were killed in action and three hundred and 13 soldiers were wounded, physically every bit good as mentally. The war had cost the United States an estimated two hundred billion dollars ( Encyclopedia Britannica, 12, 361 ) . There were two thousand, two hundred and sixty & # 8211 ; one United States servicemen listed as losing in action ( Time, February 15, 1993, 44 ) . The run is still uncomplete. Some say that this war was fought for nil. There were lone losingss and nil was gained. After the war, southern Vietnam & # 8217 ; s agribusiness, concern and industry were devestated. The freshly Communist Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia became an of import South & # 8211 ; Asiatic power. Today, Vietnam remains under Communist regulation. The Vietnamese Communist Party is the major political party. The State Council Chairman is Vo Chi Chong. The Prime Minister is Do Muoi. After the Vietnam war, United States Presidents tried to penalize Vietnam for the losingss suffered by their state. They cut off all trade to Vietnam. Vietnam & # 8217 ; s economic system was badly damaged. This came approximately by the U.S. determination to halt trade and the new attempts to put in a Soviet & # 8211 ; manner system in the incorporate state. By 1985, ten old ages after it & # 8217 ; s & # 8221 ; release & # 8220 ; , Vietnam had to implore for aid from the Soviet Union ( Time, February 15, 1993, 43 ) . In 1986, the authorities leaders began an economic program, doi moi to acquire Vietnam back on it & # 8217 ; s pess. When assistance from the Soviet Union stopped, the state was able to stand on it & # 8217 ; s ain. The Vietnamese veterans don & # 8217 ; t see the Americans as enemies but the authorities leaders do. The authorities frights that if contact with the United

States additions, it might ensue in a revolution that would destruct their authorization. Meanwhile, even without United States aid, Vietnam is seen to be an of import exporter in the hereafter. Japan has already exported goods to Vietnam and the United States is afraid that they will shortly derive economic con

trol over the entire region. The Vietnam Conflict and its Effects The Vietnam conflict began in the late nineteenth century. The French conquered Vietnam and made it a protectorate. For nearly forty years, Vietnam had not experienced settled peace. The League for the Independence of Vietnam ( Viet Minh ) was formed in 1941, seeking independence from the French. On September 2nd,1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed it independent of France. The French opposed their independence from 1945 to 1954. The first representatives of de Gualle’s government landed by parachute in Saigon and Hanoi on August 23rd, 1945. The French wanted to reestablish their rule in Vietnam but were beaten at the battle of Dien Bien Phu on May 7th, 1954. The French Expeditionary Force tried to prevent the Viet Minh from entering Laos and Dien Bien Phu was the place chosen to do so. The French were not very careful and this allowed the Viet Minh to cut off their airway to Hanoi. After a siege that had lasted for fifty – five days, the French surrendered. Ho Chi Minh led the war against France and won. After the war there was a conference in Geneva where Vietnam was divided into two parts along the seventeenth parallel. North Vietnam was mainly Communist and supported Ho Chi Minh, while the south was supported by the United States and the French were based there. There was still some Communist rebels within South Vietnam. These were the Viet Cong. The South Vietnam ruler was Ngo Dinh Diem who was anti – Communist. At the conference, Laos and Cambodia became independent states. North Vietnam wished to unify North and South Vietnam through military force. Since the United States feared the spread of communism in Asia, John F. Kennedy provided economic and military aid to South Vietman to prevent the takeover by North Vietnam. At this time, this was still a civil war. The United States were not yet officially involved. The North Vietnamese resented the little intervention by the United Sates and so, three Vietnamese torpedo boats fired on the U.S. destroyer, ” Maddox ” on August 2nd, 1964. The ” Maddox ” had been in the Gulf of Tonkin ( international waters ), thirty miles off the coast of Vietnam. On August 3rd, 1964, Johnson gave the right ” to attack with the objective of destroying attacking forces ” ( Pimlott 1982, 36 ). Retaliation air attacks began on August 3rd. Their aim was to destroy North Vietnam’s gunboat capability. As two more United States destroyers were supposedly sunk, more air and sea forces were sent ( Wicker August 5, 1964, 1 ). Up until now, the U.S. had refrained from direct combat. This is when the United States formally entered the Vietman War. The U.S. did this for two reasons. We wished to maintain the independence of South Vietnam and we had to prove to allied nations that we would help them resist Communist overtaking. As Congress was about to vote whether or not to allow the combat to move into North Vietnam, the North Vietnamese attacked a major U.S. airbase at Bein Hoa. On February 7th, 1965, Johnson ordered retaliation bombing on North Vietnam. Rolling Thunder was the name of this operation. It’s purpose was to put pressure on Hanoi and convince them that Communism could not and would not win. At the end of 1965, one hundred and eighty thousand Americans were in South Vietnam under General William S. Westmoreland (Encyclopedia Britannica, 12, 361 ). The U.S. mainly depended on superior firepower and helicopters. The Viet Cong and North Vietnamese depended on surprise attack and concealment. The United States soldiers realized that the war would last for many more years and wondered if the U.S. war effort could succeed. At the end of 1968, The number of American troops in South Vietnam reached it’s peak of 542, 000 men ( Pimlott 1982, 53 ). The Viet Cong and North Vietnamese launched a major invasion against the United States called the Tet offensive from January 30th to February 25th, 1968. At the Khe Sanh U.S. firebase, there was a major ground battle. There was a siege from January 21st to April 14th. It was thought to be the ” American Dien Bien Phu “. The United States turned it around however, with their victory at Hue. By 1969, combat decreased rapidly and American troops began to return home. The role of Communism was extremely important in this conflict. Communism was one of the main reasons of why the United States entered the war in the first place. The U.S. ” had ” to enter the war to stop the spread of Communism in Asia since North Vietnam was Communist. If North Vietnam were to succeed in converting Vietnam into a Communist country, it could become very powerful and go on to ” pursuade ” other countries to become Communist. The U.S. believed that Vietnam could become powerful. They were amazed that France, an Allied power, had been beaten by the Vietnamese. North Vietnam was a Communist country. The man who had proclaimed Vietnam independent, Ho Chi Minh, was a Communist. He was a Marxist and believed in ” national Communism ” ( Encyclopedia Britannica, 5, 955). During the war with the French, Ho Chi Minh took refuge in northern Vietnam and settled there with his followers. He founded the Indochina Communist Party and the Viet Minh. The Viet Minh did not become Communist until the 1950’s. He became the president of North Vietnam from 1945 to 1969. North Vietnam was a poor area and was cut off from the agricultural benefit of South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was forced to ask assistance from major Communist allies – the Soviet Union and China. Both aided North Vietnam before and during the war. The North Vietnamese invaded South Vietnam. They wanted to use military tactics to force unification. The United States did not allow their unification. The U.S. knew that the Viet Cong and NorthVietnamese wished to establish one ruling government, the Communist Party. This led to the Vietnam War and U.S. intervention. On January 27th, 1973, South Vietnam Communist forces ( Viet Cong ), North Vietnam, South Vietnam and the United States agreed on many things during peace talks that were held in Paris. The talks had lasted for over two years before any agreements were made that suited all of them. The forces involved agreed that U.S. troops would gradually withdraw from Vietnam and all prisoners of war would be released. They also agreed that South Vietnam had the right to choose their own future, whether or not to unite with North Vietnam. North Vietnamese troops were given the right to remain in South Vietnam but they could not be reinforced. Nixon was the U.S. president who finalized the accepted treaty and began to remove United States troops. Even after the peace talks, fighting continued between the North and South Vietnamese. After the majority of American soldiers had left, North Vietnam went against all that was enforced at the peace talks. North Vietnam planned a major invasion on the south in 1975 or 1976. By April 30th, 1976, North Vietnamese tanks had occupied Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam, with no trouble. On July 2nd, 1976, the country was united as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. The capital became Hanoi and it was under Communist rule. Saigon was renamed Ho Chi Minh City after the instigator of Communism. The North Vietnamese had won. Forty – seven thousand Americans were killed in action and three hundred and thirteen soldiers were wounded, physically as well as mentally. The war had cost the United States an estimated two hundred billion dollars ( Encyclopedia Britannica, 12, 361 ). There were two thousand, two hundred and sixty – one United States servicemen listed as missing in action ( Time, February 15, 1993, 44 ). The tally is still incomplete. Some say that this war was fought for nothing. There were only losses and nothing was gained. After the war, southern Vietnam’s agriculture, business and industry were devestated. The newly Communist Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia became an important South – Asian power. Today, Vietnam remains under Communist rule. The Vietnamese Communist Party is the major political party. The State Council Chairman is Vo Chi Chong. The Prime Minister is Do Muoi. After the Vietnam war, United States Presidents tried to punish Vietnam for the losses suffered by their country. They cut off all trade to Vietnam. Vietnam’s economy was severely damaged. This came about by the U.S. decision to stop trade and the new efforts to install a Soviet – style system in the unified country. By 1985, ten years after it’s ” liberation “, Vietnam had to beg for help from the Soviet Union ( Time, February 15, 1993, 43 ). In 1986, the government leaders began an economic plan, doi moi to get Vietnam back on it’s feet. When aid from the Soviet Union stopped, the country was able to stand on it’s own. The Vietnamese veterans don’t regard the Americans as enemies but the government leaders do. The government fears that if contact with the United States increases, it might result in a revolution that would destroy their authority. Meanwhile, even without United States help, Vietnam is seen to be an important exporter in the future. Japan has already exported goods to Vietnam and the United States is afraid that they will soon gain economic control over the entire region.

Cite this Vietnam Research Paper The Vietnam Conflict Essay

Vietnam Research Paper The Vietnam Conflict Essay. (2018, May 10). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/vietnam-essay-research-paper-the-vietnam-conflict/

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