Art and Humanities test 2

Table of Content
Which of the visual elements can best be described as “the path of a moving point”?
a. Motion
b. Time
c. Mass
d. Line
e. Light
Lines are used in art to indicate:
a. boundaries between forms.
b. direction and motion.
c. shadows and highlights.
d. spatial depth on flat surfaces.
e. All of these answers are correct.
Raphael’s The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a:
a. trapezoid.
b. square.
c. pyramid.
d. triangle.
e. circle.
A black-and-white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensities of the scene’s colors but captures the ________ of the colors.
a. pigments
b. chromas
c. harmonies
d. Values
e. All of these answers are correct.
Charles White’s Untitled illustrates the technique of:
a. hatching.
b. atmospheric perspective.
c. impasto.
d. saturation.
e. foreshortening.
In the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light combine to produce ________ light.
a. yellow
b. black
c. White
d. grayish brown
e. green
“Passive pink” refers to the color that:
a. recedes in a monochromatic color scheme where pure red dominates.
b. results from combining a warm red with a cooler hue.
c. seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of colors’ effects upon the mind and body.
d. is the normal value of red.
e. None of these answers is correct.
The vanishing point in Leonardo da Vinci’s The Last Supper is:
a. at the exact center of the picture.
b. just behind the head of the figure of Jesus.
c. on the horizon line.
d. all of these: at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesus, and on the horizon line.
e. None of these answers is correct.
In Albrecht Dürer’s woodcut The Draftsman Drawing a Reclining Nude, the draftsman is using a device to help him achieve the effect of:
a. foreshortening.
b. chiaroscuro.
c. a restricted palette.
d. the illusion of motion.
e. simultaneous contrast.
Artists can portray _________ textures that are created to look like something other than a flat painted surface.
a. actual
b. hatching
c. chroma
d. Visual
e. None of these answers is correct.
During the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art?
a. Motion
b. Texture
c. Color
d. Line
e. Shape
In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ________ shapes.
a. Organic
b. real
c. geometric
d. environmental
e. three-dimensional
The 18th-century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are:
a. chiaroscuro and hatching.
b. atmospheric perspective and foreshortening.
c. implied line and a vanishing point.
d. position and overlap.
e. None of these answers is correct.
In painting and drawing, artists often use the technique of ________ to describe the way shadows and light define the mass of forms.
a. refraction
b. spatial organization
c. isometric perspective
d. simultaneous contrast
e. Chiaroscuro
Which artist uses light itself as the main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence in the world?
a. Flor Garduño
b. Joseph Wright
c. Joseph Albers
d. James Turrell
e. Claude Monet
Mixing two primary colors produces a ________ color.
a. Secondary
b. passive
c. complementary
d. triad
e. monochromatic
A necessary feature of pattern is:
a. texture.
b. color.
c. modeling.
d. vanishing points.
e. repetition.
One common issue facing those who work to conserve works of art is:
a. the effect of light.
b. the work of earlier restorers.
c. changing levels of heat and humidity.
d. pollution.
e. All of these answers are correct.
The use of atmospheric perspective is a prominent aspect of which work?
a. Les bêtes de la mer by Henri Matisse
b. The Rocky Mountains, Lander’s Peak by Albert Bierstadt
c. Untitled by Keith Haring
d. A Sunday on La Grande Jatte by Georges Seurat
e. The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci
Sculptor Claes Oldenburg tends to challenge viewers’ idea of:
a. emphasis.
b. balance.
c. unity.
d. symmetry.
e. scale.
Which of the following are not among the principles of design?
a. emphasis and focal point
b. balance and rhythm
c. texture and color
d. unity and variety
e. proportion and scale
The Parthenon and the Modulor were both designed according to a ratio known as:
a. the vanishing point.
b. the central plan.
c. the true view.
d. the silver mean.
e. the golden section.
By positioning the dark, dense image of death next to the billowing, light form representing life, Gustav Klimt’s painting Death and Life
demonstrates artistic use of:
a. symmetrical balance.
b. hierarchical scale.
c. asymmetrical balance.
d. variety.
e. unity.
Drawing attention to an area by contrasting dark and light is one way of demonstrating
a. rhythm and texture.
b. symmetry and asymmetry.
c. emphasis and subordination.
d. scale and proportion.
e. None of these answers is correct.
What part of the pen conveys the ink to the drawing surface?
None of these answers is correct.
a. The quill
b. The calligraphic
c. The nib
d. The twig
A traditional metalpoint ground recipe calls for a mixture of:
a. white pigment.
b. All of the answers are correct.
c. bone ash.
d. water.
e. glue.
Edgar Degas drew a grid over his study of a dancer in order to:
a. None of these answers is correct.
b. double-check the dancer’s proportions.
c. make sure the figure would fit on the page.
d. suggest that the dancer is being viewed through a window.
e. make the drawing easier to copy.
The style used by Georges Seurat in Café-concert is:
a. surrealism.
b. pointillism.
c. realism.
d. conceptual art.
e. impressionistic.
Leonardo da Vinci used drawings to explore ideas in:
a. All of these answers are correct.
b. engineering.
c. science.
d. art.
e. mathematics.
Sol LeWitt’s Wall Drawing #122 is an example of:
a. surrealism.
b. realism.
c. None of these answers is correct.
d. conceptual art.
e. pointillism.
________ is/are among the materials besides paper that have provided support for drawings.
a. Silk
b. Fired clay
c. Cave walls
d. All of these answers are correct.
e. Papyrus
The difference in the color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to:
a. the use of liquid pigmentation.
b. the use of different binders.
c. None of these answers is correct; there is no difference.
d. the fact that these media do not need a binding agent.
e. the fact that crayons are made for children, while pastels are made for artists.
Which of the following media is the most common of all drawing media?
a. Conté crayon
b. Graphite pencil
c. Pen and ink
d. Pastel
e. Metalpoint
Because this 20th-century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of his lifetime, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work.
a. Rembrandt
b. van Gogh
c. Picasso
d. Degas
e. Ingres
The predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the Renaissance, is:
a. metal point.
b. charcoal.
c. pastel.
d. pen and ink.
e. crayon.
An example of a liquid medium in drawing is:
a. graphite.
b. ink.
c. silverpoint.
d. pastel.
e. None of these answers is correct.
In metalpoint, lines are drawn with a silver ________ onto a surface coated with a preliminary coating of paint.
a. coin
b. Wire
c. toothpick
d. dart
e. dagger
Pen and ink was the favorite sketching medium of ________, one of the greatest draftsmen of the 17th century.
a. Lippi
b. All of these answers are correct.
c. Rembrandt
d. Degas
e. Picasso
Julie Mehretu’s use of the rapidograph and translucent mylar intentionally evokes:
a. newspaper layout.
b. architectural drafting.
c. engravings.
d. computer graphics.
e. discotheques.
In Shahzia Sikander’s I from 51 Ways of Looking, _________ was used as the medium.
a. conté crayon
b. chalk
c. Graphite
d. None of the answers are correct.
e. ink
The work of Sol LeWitt can best be described as:
a. pointillist.
b. cubist.
c. gestural.
d. impressionistic.
e. conceptual.
Vonne Jacquette’s Three Mile Island, Night I uses the medium of:
a. chalk.
b. All of the answers are correct.
c. charcoal.
d. white pigment.
e. pastel.
Chris Ofili created Prince among Thieves with Flowers using ________ as his medium.
a. pen and ink
b. Pencil
c. charcoal
d. wash
e. brush and ink
The coloring material in virtually all drawing media is known as:
a. aquatint.
b. pastel.
c. pigment.
d. binder.
e. wash.
Raymond Pettibon:
a. exhibits each of his works individually.
b. only uses sculpture as a medium.
c. displays his drawings as elements in larger installations.
d. hangs his work from the ceiling away from any wall.
e. creates large-scale drawings with enormous physical presence.
The 20th-century master of the fresco technique who created the work Mixtec Culture is:
a. Raphael.
b. Diego Rivera.
c. Pablo Picasso.
d. Georges Braque.
e. Frida Kahlo.
Which of the following is an example of a nonaqueous medium?
a. Fresco
b. Oil paint
c. Acrylic
d. Watercolor
e. None of these answers is correct.
In buon fresco, or true fresco, pigment is mixed with water and applied to:
a. dry plaster.
b. stretched canvas.
c. hot beeswax.
d. wet plaster.
e. raw silk.
In fresco painting, a drawing called a ________ is transferred to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment.
a. Cartoon
b. mosaic
c. collage
d. gouache
e. sketch
Two ancient painting media that are still in use today are:
a. acrylics and oils.
b. encaustic and fresco.
c. gouache and oils.
d. collage and acrylics.
e. gouache and fresco.
The first acclaimed artist to understand and exploit oil painting was:
a. Jan van Eyck.
b. Leonardo da Vinci.
c. Michelangelo.
d. Oskar Kokoschka.
e. Georgia O’Keeffe.
________ is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it.
a. Encaustic
b. Impasto
c. Fresco
d. Gouache
e. None of these answers is correct.
Pope Julius II employed which two Italian Renaissance artists to paint frescoes for him?
a. Rivera and Kahlo
b. Michelangelo and Raphael
c. Van Gogh and Gauguin
d. Vermeer and Van Eyck
e. Donatello and Titian
A nonaqueous paint is one that:
a. is less expensive than most.
b. produces the most brilliant colors.
c. dissolves in water.
d. dissolves in something other than water.
e. is very fast-drying.
Technically, tempera is paint in which the vehicle is in:
a. a pigment.
b. an impasto.
c. a ground.
d. an emulsion.
e. a glaze.
What is pigment in paint?
a. A powdered color
b. A medium
c. A solvent
d. A binder
e. A vehicle
The painting technique used in the first century in Egypt, Greece, and Rome that involves the use of wax is:
a. fresco.
b. oil paint.
c. acrylic.
d. tempera.
e. encaustic.
After building a canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of:
a. fresco.
b. linseed oil.
c. primer.
d. a nonaqueous medium.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Watercolor’s primary characteristic is its:
a. permanency.
b. opacity.
c. ease of revision.
d. transparency.
c. textural qualities.
In oil painting, linseed oil acts as:
a. a pigment.
b. a ground.
c. a border.
d. a support.
e. a binder.
One of the advantages of oil painting is that it dries very slowly. This allows for:
a. a subtle blending of colors.
b. the painting to be reworked indefinitely.
c. the application of layers of paint on top of one another.
d. an almost infinite range of consistencies.
e. All of these answers are correct.
By the 1950s, this new synthetic paint would challenge oils as the principal painting medium. What is it?
a. Gouache
b. Acrylic
c. Encaustic
d. Tempera
e. Collage
Picasso and Braque, working side-by-side, glued bits of paper and other objects onto canvas to create:
a. mosaics.
b. tapestries.
c. collages.
d. egg tempera.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Traditional Chinese artists used _________, the oldest painting medium in continuous use.
a. watercolor
b. encaustic paint
c. gouache
d. acrylic
e. ink sticks
Except in the case of ________, identical multiple impressions are printed to create editions in printmaking.
a. screenprints
b. intaglio prints
c. Monotypes
d. relief prints
e. planographic prints
If a print is numbered 4/100, what information can be deciphered?
a. There are 99 other prints in the edition.
b. It is one of 4 in a series of similar pictures.
c. It was enlarged by 4 percent from the original size.
d. Four colors, including black, were used in the printing process.
e. There are 96 other prints in the edition.
Which is NOT one of the four basic printmaking processes?
a. Screenprinting
b. Relief
c. Gouache
d. Lithography
e. Intaglio
A rubber stamp creates what type of print?
a. Lithograph
b. Silkscreen
c. Relief
d. Intaglio
e. None of these answers is correct.
What are the two main differences between prints and most other forms of art?
a. Prints are always machine-made and relatively inexpensive.
b. Prints are copies of works of art and don’t involve artists in the production process.
c. Prints have very little resale value and are a poor investment for collectors.
Right d. Prints are made using an indirect process and this process results in multiples of the same image.
e. None of these answers is correct.
The earliest-known woodcut was made in:
a. Germany.
b. India.
c. Italy.
d. Japan.
e. China.
A good example of the use of aquatint in creating areas of unmodulated, translucent color is the print:
a. Standard Station by Ed Ruscha.
b. Hasta La Muerte by Francisco de Goya.
c. Untitled (Sequoia and Moon) by Vija Celmins.
d. Woman Bathing by Mary Cassatt.
e. Preface to the Diamond Sutra.
In printmaking, a plate or block will be canceled so that:
a. a new image may be printed from it.
b. no more prints can be made from it.
c. the artist may rework his or her ideas anew.
d. the printmaker can properly register the prints.
e. ink can be applied to it for printing.
The idea that a print is made from a matrix has been altered by the use of ________ to make prints.
a. silkscreen
b. lithographic stone
c. monotypes
d. the planographic process
e. an artist-quality printer
Lithography is a __________ process, which means that the printing surface is flat, not raised.
a. etching
b. intaglio
c. serigraphy
d. relief
e. Planographic
In printmaking, where multiple images are made from the same original design, each individual print is called:
a. a burin.
b. a burr.
c. an impression.
d. an edition.
e. an etching.
The printing technique invented by a German playwright in search of an inexpensive means of publishing his plays is:
a. wood engraving.
b. serigraphy.
c. stone relief.
d. aquatint.
e. lithography.
The earliest known printed book contains the earliest surviving woodcut image. The book was made in the 9th century C.E. in:
a. Germany.
b. Spain.
c. China.
d. Egypt.
e. None of these answers is correct.
Printing impressions on top of one another from separate blocks in order to achieve full-color woodcut prints requires careful alignment of the paper, known as:
a. registration.
b. intaglio.
c. monoprinting.
d. serigraphy.
e. multiples.
One of the main differences between the intaglio and the relief printing processes is that with intaglio the ink ________ the surface of the printing plate.
a. lies above
b. lies below
c. lies even with
d. is forced through
e. None of these answers is correct.
Which of the following is NOT one of the techniques of intaglio printing?
a. Mezzotint
b. Etching
c. Linocut
d. Engraving
e. Aquatint
Which of the following printing techniques is especially capable of producing subtle shades of gray?
a. Mezzotint
b. Engraving
c. Linocut
d. Drypoint
e. All these answers are correct.
Serigraphy means, literally:
a. “screenprinting.”
b. “silk writing.”
c. “stencil work.”
d. “squeegee.”
e. “sketching.”
Singing Their Songs was created by:
a. Louise Bourgeois.
b. Francisco de Goya.
c. Vija Celmins.
d. Elizabeth Catlett.
e. Enrique Chagoya.
________ process.
a. planography
b. Relief
c. monotype
d. serigraphy
e. photographic

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