According to International Labour Organization child labour is well-defined a work that has the potential to destroy children’s childhood. This make a huge impact on their dignity and it is also very harmful for their growing physical body moral and mental progress. Its interferes with their education either by not sending them to attend schools giving up school prematurely without giving them primary education and forcing them to combine school attendance and hard work. now there is another side and that is called child work we will talk about this later but according to ILO its be contingent upon age of the child type and hours of work performed working circumstances as well as the growth stage of individual countries.
Child labours have effects on almost 150 million children worldwide. The sequence of poverty is one of the biggest contributing factors to child labour in today’s world. Children are forced to do job into a unsafe physically demanding jobs because many poor households use the majority of their income on food and in some countries it’s been reported to forcing parents to send or sell their children into the workforce in order to make ends meet. Other issues include culture and tradition market demand poor implementation of legislation and barriers to education.
Today farming remains one of the most dominant sectors of child labor with accounting for 59 percent of child laborers worldwide. These children have been forced to give up school sports play and sometimes even their families and homes to work under unsafe harmful unhealthy and abusive circumstances. Many children are engaged in paid and unpaid forms of work worldwide to get some money for their families.
Pakistan ranked one of the top ranked countries in child labour and it is a sad truth of Pakistan and unfortunately it prevails in many forms in the country. According to a survey directed by the federal bureau of statistics out of the probable 40 million children in Pakistan approximately 19 million are working as child labourers. this is unacceptable given that a principle of policy in Pakistan is to deliver free and good education and make Pakistan a free illiteracy country in many cases the parents of child labourer do not have enough money to educate their children’s or they believe that education does not lead to marketable skills and the hands that should be holding pens and books are being used to lift heavy weights of bricks or changing heavy tyres of cars at auto repair shops. The government and even the local citizens of Pakistan should play their part in removing child labour from Pakistan and provide these children with better opportunities. And I believe every child in Pakistan in fact all over the country has a right to be educated he has the right to enjoy his childhood and play freely.
Not all work done by children should be measured as a child labour that is to be targeted for elimination children’s or teenagers contribution in work that does not effect on their health personal development and interfere with their education is generally observed as being something positive. This includes activities such as serving their parents around the home supporting in a family business or making some pocket money after school hours and during school holidays. These kinds of actions contribute to children’s development and to the welfare of their families they deliver them with skills and experience and help to prepare them to be creative and productive members of society during their mature life.