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CMIS 108 Chapter 2

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    Transistors control the flow of _____ by switching electrical pulses on and off.
    electrons
    The size and shape of the _____ influences what a system component may look like.
    motherboard
    Employees have been the driving force in making _____ the most popular hardware brand today.
    Apple
    The speed of the _____ influences how fast the processor can process data.
    internal clock
    Moore’s Law states that the number of transistors on a chip will double about every _____ months.
    24
    Which of the following is an example of a special-purpose input device?
    OCR
    A computer offers specific _____ to connect peripherals such as keyboards or printers.
    ports
    The speed of a printer is measured in _____ per minute.
    pages
    An all-in-one _____ combines functions such as faxing and scanning.
    printer
    A _____ display type uses polarization technologies to add depth and realism for the viewer.
    3D
    _____ was invented to standardize computer interfaces around one type of connection.
    The USB port
    Which of the following is an example of optical storage?
    CD
    Solid-state storage is quickly replacing _____ for storing data on small devices like the iPod.
    microdrives
    When purchasing a typical PC today, you can expect at least _____ GB of RAM installed.
    2
    With _____ memory, data is stored permanently with no moving parts or the need for electricity.
    flash
    The _____ is the key active component in practically all modern electronics.
    transistor
    Using Moore’s Law, we can gauge how fast ____________ might be in the coming years.
    processors
    The specifications of a computer usually include the speed of the _____ bus.
    front side
    All of the following are common kinds of multicore processors EXCEPT _____.
    mega-core
    Magnetic disks are a _____ access storage medium.
    direct
    Read-only memory differs from random access memory due to its ability to _____ store instructions.
    permanently
    ____________ refers to the ability to maintain data within the system temporarily or permanently.
    Storage
    Random access memory (RAM) is also sometimes called _____ storage.
    primary
    A video card can be found inside the computer, plugged into the _____.
    motherboard
    A mouse and a touch pad are examples of ____ devices.
    pointing
    Speakers are always classified as _____ devices.
    output
    One advantage of _____ printers is their ability to output realistic objects.
    3D
    An integrated circuit may hold thousands, millions, or even billions of _____.
    transistors
    The _____ is housed in the CPU and temporarily stores frequently used data.
    cache
    Video cards have their own _____.
    memory
    Monitor display size is measured _____.
    diagonally
    Large retail stores use _____ terminals to track purchases and inventory.
    POS
    Output that you can feel is called _____ output.
    haptic
    Most of today’s PCs come equipped with at least 512 _____ of video memory.
    megabytes
    The iPad and other tablets take advantage of _____, allowing the user to use more than one finger to manipulate a display.
    multitouch displays
    Two types of _____ are voice commands and marks on paper.
    input
    All of the following sequences are stages of the machine cycle EXCEPT _________.
    fetch
    decode
    store
    sort
    sort
    ____________ systems utilize hundreds or thousands of CPUs working together.
    Massive parallel processing
    A gaming system takes advantage of _____ processors to power up its speed and performance.
    multicore
    Integrated circuits are also known as _____.
    microchips
    The _____ plays an important role in transforming data into useful information.
    processor
    Through the use of _____, pilots can simulate flights without ever leaving the ground.
    virtual reality
    ROM is used for important programs like _____, which come(s) from the manufacturer.
    firmware
    The task of video _____ is to serve as a buffer between the processor and the monitor.
    memory
    _____ relies on voice input to respond with a computer-generated reply.
    Siri
    A CPU component known as the _____ carries out the instructions used for mathematical and logical operations.
    ALU
    Two-layer Blu-ray discs now can store _____ GB of data.
    50

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