CMIS 108 Chapter 2

Transistors control the flow of _____ by switching electrical pulses on and off.
electrons
The size and shape of the _____ influences what a system component may look like.
motherboard
Employees have been the driving force in making _____ the most popular hardware brand today.
Apple
The speed of the _____ influences how fast the processor can process data.
internal clock
Moore’s Law states that the number of transistors on a chip will double about every _____ months.
24
Which of the following is an example of a special-purpose input device?
OCR
A computer offers specific _____ to connect peripherals such as keyboards or printers.
ports
The speed of a printer is measured in _____ per minute.
pages
An all-in-one _____ combines functions such as faxing and scanning.
printer
A _____ display type uses polarization technologies to add depth and realism for the viewer.
3D
_____ was invented to standardize computer interfaces around one type of connection.
The USB port
Which of the following is an example of optical storage?
CD
Solid-state storage is quickly replacing _____ for storing data on small devices like the iPod.
microdrives
When purchasing a typical PC today, you can expect at least _____ GB of RAM installed.
2
With _____ memory, data is stored permanently with no moving parts or the need for electricity.
flash
The _____ is the key active component in practically all modern electronics.
transistor
Using Moore’s Law, we can gauge how fast ____________ might be in the coming years.
processors
The specifications of a computer usually include the speed of the _____ bus.
front side
All of the following are common kinds of multicore processors EXCEPT _____.
mega-core
Magnetic disks are a _____ access storage medium.
direct
Read-only memory differs from random access memory due to its ability to _____ store instructions.
permanently
____________ refers to the ability to maintain data within the system temporarily or permanently.
Storage
Random access memory (RAM) is also sometimes called _____ storage.
primary
A video card can be found inside the computer, plugged into the _____.
motherboard
A mouse and a touch pad are examples of ____ devices.
pointing
Speakers are always classified as _____ devices.
output
One advantage of _____ printers is their ability to output realistic objects.
3D
An integrated circuit may hold thousands, millions, or even billions of _____.
transistors
The _____ is housed in the CPU and temporarily stores frequently used data.
cache
Video cards have their own _____.
memory
Monitor display size is measured _____.
diagonally
Large retail stores use _____ terminals to track purchases and inventory.
POS
Output that you can feel is called _____ output.
haptic
Most of today’s PCs come equipped with at least 512 _____ of video memory.
megabytes
The iPad and other tablets take advantage of _____, allowing the user to use more than one finger to manipulate a display.
multitouch displays
Two types of _____ are voice commands and marks on paper.
input
All of the following sequences are stages of the machine cycle EXCEPT _________.
fetch
decode
store
sort
sort
____________ systems utilize hundreds or thousands of CPUs working together.
Massive parallel processing
A gaming system takes advantage of _____ processors to power up its speed and performance.
multicore
Integrated circuits are also known as _____.
microchips
The _____ plays an important role in transforming data into useful information.
processor
Through the use of _____, pilots can simulate flights without ever leaving the ground.
virtual reality
ROM is used for important programs like _____, which come(s) from the manufacturer.
firmware
The task of video _____ is to serve as a buffer between the processor and the monitor.
memory
_____ relies on voice input to respond with a computer-generated reply.
Siri
A CPU component known as the _____ carries out the instructions used for mathematical and logical operations.
ALU
Two-layer Blu-ray discs now can store _____ GB of data.
50

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