The French Revolution (1789-1799) was a bourgeois revolution broke out in France in 1789, monarchy feudal system ruled France for many centuries, but it fell apart within three years. France Undergoing an epic change during this period: past feudal, aristocratic and religious privileges were under attack constantly by the liberal political organization and the street protesters. The old concepts have been gradually replaced by new natural rights, separation of powers and the democratic ideas.
The End time of the F-ranch Revolution is still controversial. But the orthodox view is that the Barmier coup in 1799 as sign of the end for the revolution; Another view is that the end of the Jacobin ruled in July 1 794 to the end of the revolution; The view was also expressed that The dynasty was established in July 1 830 is a sign of the end of the revolution. Revolution Summary’ In May 1 789, Louis Wig’s attempt to impose new taxes to the third level people due to financial difficulties, so the king was forced to convene the meeting.
But the people of the third level have asked to limit the monarchy and implement reforms. In June, they decided to turn the conference into the National Assembly. When Louis XVI was prepared to use force to dissolve reliant, the Paris people upraised on July 14, they captured The Storming of the Pastille which symbolizes the French feudal rule. So French Revolution was broken out. On August 26, the Constituent Assembly adopted The Declaration of Man and the Citizen, established the basic principles of human rights, rule of law, civil liberties and private property rights.
It announced that people are born free and always free, they have equal rights, and their property rights are sacrosanct. The parliament also issued a decree to abolish the aristocratic system, cancel the guild system, confiscated and auctioned the church property. The early days of the revolution, constitutional monarchists (Flagellants) got the power. June 20, 1791, Louis XVI fled. He attempted to collude with foreign forces to extinguish the revolution, but he was detected on midway and escorted back to Paris.
Masses demanded to abolish the kingship and establish the Republican, but the constitutional monarchists advocated maintaining the status quo and retaining the kingship. The constitutional monarchists developed the 1791 Constitution, convened the Legislative Council, safeguard the constitutional monarchy, and opposed the revolution to continue to develop. The first and second level people got a compromise with the bourgeoisie, but they did not easy up with the most farmers and urban poor. August 10, 1792, Paris people upraised again.
They overturned the ruling of the constitutional monarchists, and arrested Louis XVI King. September 21, they convened the National Association, and the next day Republic of France was set up. Ideological roots There are deep ideological roots in the French Revolution. In second half of the 1 8th century, the famous movement of the Enlightenment was popular. The philosophers raised a series of bourgeois democratic ideas, like Baron De Nonentities, Voltaire, Rousseau, Derider. They attacked the feudal autocracy and prepared the conditions for the outbreak of the Revolution.
The significance of the revolution France has experienced an epic transformation which was the old ideas been replaced gradually by the new natural rights, separation of powers and the democratic ideas during this period. It becomes a significant capitalist revolution. The French Revolution destroyed the feudal rule of the French and spread progressive ideas of bourgeois liberal democracy. It has a great influence on the development of world history, shook the entire European feudal system and gave a heavy blow to the feudal system.