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Examples of Accidents and/or Sudden Illness

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  • Pages 6
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    1. A description of four different exemples of accidents and/or sudden illness that might occur: severe bleeding, cardiac arrest,choking and difficulty of breathing, fractures andd suspected fractures 2. An outline of the procedure to follow if an accident or sudden illness should occur. Severe bleeding:you will need to apply pressure, if possible, use a sterile dressing. You will need to apply direct pressure over the wound for 10 minutes. If there is any object in the wound, do not try to remove it.

    Lay the casualty down and raise the affected par if possible. Make the person confortable and secure. Call for the senior registered nurse to assess the severity of the injury. Cardiac arrest:check whether the person has a pulse and whether they are breathing. If not, call for urgent help from a senior registered nurse who will assess the need for summoning emergency services. Start methods of resuscitation if you have been taught how to do it.

    Choking and difficulty of breathing:ensure any dentures are removed,sweep the mouth to clear any food,vomit. Try to get the person to cough. If is not effective, bend the person forward,use the hell of the hand to give up to five flows sharply on the back between the shoulbers blades. If this fails, use theHeimlich manoeuvre or abdominal thrusts. You should alternate backslaps and abdominal thrusts until you clear the obstruction. Fracture and suspected fractures:the most important thing is to support the affected part.

    Help the casualty to find the most confortable position. Support the injured limb in that possition. Take the person to hospital or call the ambulance 3. A list of the principles to be followed for safe moveing and handling: avoiding hazardous manual handling ,conducting a full risk assessment of load, task, environment and individual ,reporting immediately any difficulties ,adhering to agreed working practices ,using equipment correctly 4.

    An explanation of why it is important to follow the care plan and communicate with each individual when assisting and moveing: to understand individual’s needs and preferences, to meet individual’s needs and preferences, to move the individual safely and correctly, to involve individual as an active participant in process, to minimise injury to individual, self or others, as a way of ensuring that move is comfortable for the individual 5. An outline of staff responsibilities for medication in a social care settings:keep the medication safely,corectly,to ensure it is administered correctly 6.

    A brief description of the agreed procedures for:obtaining:trained and authorised Storing: in correct and labelled containers only, under correct conditions as per instructions, in a secure area Administering:trained and authorised Recording: 7. An explanation of why the social care workers accompanying the individuals on the outing should have specialist training before each of the following: -carrying out emergency first aid: you can do further damage to a casualty by attempting to carry out tasks you have not been trained for,to comply with health and safety legislation, to preserve life assisting with moveing and handling: to comply with legislation, to minimise injury to individual, self or others, to safeguard own and others health and safety, to apply agreed working practices, to use equipment correctly -handling medication: to comply with legislation, to ensure it is administered safely, to ensure it is administered correctly , as workers are accountable for their actions Tasc B 1.

    A list of the laws relating to: -general health and safety in the settings(health and safety executive-HSE,health and safety at work act 1974) -Moving and handling(Manual handling operations regulations 1992, provision and use of work equipment regulations 1998, lifting operations and lifting equipment regulations 1992) 2. A list of the food standards that relate to social caresettings: Food Safety Regulations 1995, food safety workplace policy, Essential Standards for Quality and Safety 3.

    An outline of the main health and safety responsibilities of:- the social care worker-follow the training you have received, take resonable care of your own and other people’s health and safety, cooperate with your employer on health an safety, report any injuries, strains or illnesses you suffer as a result of doing your job, tell to your employer if something happens that might affect your ability to work -the employer or manager- decide what could harm you in your job and the precautions to stop it, give you the health and safety training you need to do your job, provide you with any equipment and protective clothing you need, consult and work with you and your health and safety representatives in protecting everyone from harm in the workplace -individuals using the service-to understand and comply with health and safety instructions and procedures, to take resonable care for own and others health and safety 4.

    A description of the main points of health and safety policies and procedures: the significant risks in relation to the workplace and work tasks, control measures for hazards, the arrangements for reporting accidents or health problems, the arrangements for first aid, fire and emergencies, who the key person is for health and safety matters, how health and safety is communicated in the workplace, the arrangements to protect others 5. A list of work activities that should only be carried out after special training:moveing and handling, first aid 6. A description of how to acces additional support and information in relation to health and safety: your line manager is the first choice, but if the anager is unavailable or unsure Health and Safety Executive should be able to provide any information you need Tasc E Infection control

    1. A list of the routes by whitch infection can enter the body:respiratory route,digestive route,contact with body fluids,contact with anyone with broken skin,wound,pressure sore,bleeding 2. A description of how our own health or personal hygiene may place others at risk in the work place: if you have long hair,you have to tied back or covered,you should ensure that your nails are short cut and clean, and that you are not wearing any jewellery in which food could became trapped, you must always wash your hands after going to the toilet,before and after eating,after coughing,sneezing or blowing your nose. 3.

    An explanation of the most effective ways to wash hands:wet your hands throughly under warm running water and squirt liquid soap into the palm of the hand. Rub your hands together to make a lather. Rub the palm of one hand along the back of the other and along the fingers. Rinse off the soap with clean water. Rub in between each of your fingers on both hands and round your thumbs. Dry hands throughly on a disposable towel. 4. A description of how and when to use personal protective equipment:you should always wear a plastic apron and gloves for any procedure witch involves bodily contact or is likely to deal body waste or fluids. The apron will reduce the spread of infection by preventing infection getting on your clothes and spreading to the next person youcome into contact with.

    The plastic apron should be disposable and thrown away at the end of each procedure. Environmental safety How to prevent: -fire: no smoking ,not having fire doors propped open ,checking appliances are turned off ,checking plugs are switched off ,following a procedure checklist -gas leak: checking appliances are turned off e. g. cooker, fire -flood: being aware of how to turn off main water supply ,ensuring taps are turned off after use e. g. bath, sink -instrusion: being vigilant of security of building i. e. doors, windows, locking doors and windows, not giving out key codes to others, following a procedure checklist -security breach: being vigilant of security of building i. e. doors, windows ,reporting any concerns

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