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Exercise 10: The Appendicular Skeleton, Bone names and markings

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    deltoid tuberosity
    raised area on lateral surface of humerus to which deltoid muscle attaches
    arm bone
    scapula, and clavicle
    bones of the shoulder girdle
    radius and ulna
    forearm bones
    scapular region to which the clavicle connects
    shoulder girdle bone that does not attach to the axial skeleton
    shoulder girdle bone that articulates with and transmits forces to the bony thorax
    glenoid cavity
    depression in the scapula that articulates with the humerus
    coracoid process
    process above the glenoid cavity the permits muscle attachment
    olecranon fossa
    posterior depression on the distal humerus
    the “collarbone”
    distal condyle of the humerus that articulates with the ulna
    medial bone of forearm in the anatomical position
    rounded knob on the humerus; adjoins position
    coronoid fossa
    anterior depression, superior to the trochlea, that receives part of the ulna when the forearm is flexed.
    radial notch
    ulnar surface that articulates with the radial head
    forearm bone involved in formation of the elbow joint
    wrist bones
    finger bones
    heads of these bones form the knuckles
    medial epicondyle
    small bump often caled the funny bone
    scapula and sternum
    bones that articulate with the clavicle
    clavicle serves as an anterior base or strut to hold the arm away form the top of the thorax
    how is the arm held clear of the widest dimension of the thoracic cage?
    what is the total number of phalanges in the hand?
    what is the total number of carpals in the wrist?
    name the carpals in the proximal row
    trapezium- trapezoid- capitate- hamate
    name the carpals in the distal row
    flexibility and mobility
    insecure axial and limb attachments
    describe the pectoral girdle
    secure axial and limb attachments
    weight-bearing most important
    describe the pelvic girdle
    uterus, bladder, rectum, small intestines, and reproductive organs
    what organs are protected, at least in part, by the pelvic girdle?
    the true pelvis small bowl- like shape containing urinary bladder and sexual organs. false pelvis in between alla or wing of the pelvis is much larger and contains some abdominal organs like small intestine and colon.
    distinguishing between the true pelvis and the false pelvis.
    it is adapted for childbearing, defines birth control, farther apart than a males, sacrum is wider, shorter, and less curved than a males. brim is wider oval from side to side.
    how do you know if a pelvis is a female pelvis?
    the pelvic bones of humans have to carry his whole weight, divided by 2. 4 legged animals divide its weight by 4. since strain is less in 4 legged animals bones can be less massive.
    deduce why the pelvic bones of a four legged animal such as the cat or pig are much less massive than those of the human.
    to prevent a smaller target and to protect internal organs and genetalia
    a person instinctively curls over his abdominal area in times of danger. why?
    the angle of their hips turn legs slightly inward, making some actually touch at the knees
    for what anatomical reason do many women appear to be slightly knock- kneed?
    ilium, ischium and pubis
    fuse to form the coxal bone
    sit down bone of the coxal bone
    pubic symphysis
    point where the coxal bones (hip bones) join anteriorly
    iliac crest
    superiormost margin of the coxal bone
    deep socket in the coxal bone that receives the head of the thigh bone
    sacroiliac joint
    joint between axial skeleton and pelvic girdle
    longest strongest bone in the body
    thin lateral leg bone
    heavy medial leg bone
    femur, tibia
    bones forming knee joint
    tibial tuberosity
    point where the patellar ligament attaches
    medial malleolus
    medial ankle projection
    lateral malleolus
    lateral ankle projection
    largest tarsal bone
    ankle bone
    bones forming the instep of the foot
    obturator foramen
    opening in hip bone formed by th pubic and ischial rami
    gluteal tuberosity and greater and lesser trochanters
    site of muscle attachment on the proximal femur
    tarsal bone that sits on the calcaneus
    weight-bearing bone of the leg
    tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia

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