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exercise 10 review sheet: The Appendicular Skeleton (Lab)

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    raised area on lateral surface of humerus to which deltoid muscle attaches
    deltoid tuberosity
    arm bone
    humerus
    bones of the shoulder girdle
    Calvicle; scapulae
    forarm bones
    radius; ulna
    scapular feature to which the clavicle connects
    acromion
    shoulder girdle bone that does not articulate with the axial skeleton
    scapula
    shoulder girdle bone that acts as a brace and articulates with the axial skeleton
    clavicle
    depression in the scapula that articulates with the humerus
    glenoid cavity
    process above the glenoid cavity that permits muscle attachement
    coracoid process
    distal condyle of the humerus that articulates with the ulna
    trochlea
    medial bone of forearm in anatomical position
    ulna
    rounded knob on the humerus; adjoins the radius
    capitulum
    anterior depression, superior to the trochlea, that receives part of the ulna when the forearm is flexed
    coronoid fossa
    wrist bones
    carpals
    finger bones
    phalanges
    heads of these bones form the knuckles
    metacarpals
    small bump often called the “funny bone”
    medial epicondyle
    how is the arm held clear of the top of the thoracic cage?
    the clavicle acts as a brace to hold the scapula & arm away from the top of the thoracic cage
    what is the total number of digits in the hand
    14
    what is the total number of carpals in the wrist?
    8
    name the carpals (medial to lateral) in the proximal row
    1. Pisiform
    2. triangular
    3. lunate
    4. scaphoid
    in the distal row, the carpals are (medial to lateral)
    1. Nomate
    2. capitate
    3.trapezoid
    4. trapezium
    pectoral girdle (3)
    1. flexibility most important
    2. lightweight
    3. insecure axial and limb attachements
    pelvic girdle (3)
    1. massive
    2. secure axial and limb attachments
    3. weight-bearing most important
    what organs are protected, at least in part, by the pelvic girdle?
    small intestine, rectum, uterus, urinary bladder
    Distinguish between the true pelvis and false pelvis?
    1. False: bounded by alea of the ilia. Supports abdominal viscera.
    2. true: entirely surrounded by bone. Laterally and anteriorly
    rough projection that supports body weight when sitting
    ischial tuberosity
    point where the hip bone that receives the head of the thigh bone
    Acetabulum
    superiormost margin of the hip bone
    iliac crest
    point where the hip bones join anteriorly
    pubic symphysis
    longest, strongest bone in the body
    femur
    thin, lateral bone
    fibula
    permits passage of the sciatic nerve
    greater sciatic notch
    notch located inferior to the ischial spine
    lesser sciatic notch
    point where the patellar ligament attaches
    tibial tuberosity
    kneecap
    patella
    shinbone
    tibia
    medial ankle projection
    medial malleolus
    lateral ankle projection
    later malleolus
    ankle bones
    tarsals
    bones forming the instep of the foot
    metatarsals
    opening in hip bones formed by the pubic and ischial rami
    obuturator foramen
    sites of muscle attachment on the proximal femur
    gluteal tuberosity; greater & lesser trochanters
    tarsal bone that “sits” on the calcaneus
    talus
    weight-bearing bone of the leg
    tibia

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    exercise 10 review sheet: The Appendicular Skeleton (Lab). (2017, Nov 16). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/exercise-10-review-sheet-the-appendicular-skeleton-lab-essay/

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