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The Appendicular Skeleton flash card

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    Deltoid tuberosity
    a raised area on lateral surface of humerus to which deltoid muscle attaches
    humerous
    arm bone
    Clavicle and scapula
    bones of the shoulder girdle
    Radius and Ulna
    Forearm bones
    Acromion
    scapular region to which the clavicle connects
    Scapula
    shoulder girdle bone that is unattached to the axial skeleton
    Clavicle
    shoulder girdle bone that articulates with and transmits forces to the ebony thorax. Also know as the collarbone.
    Glenoid Cavity
    depression in the scapula that articulates with the humerus
    Coracoid process
    process above the glenoid cavity that permits muscle attachment
    Trochlea
    distal condyle of the humerus that articulates with the ulna.
    Ulna
    medial bone of forearm in anatomical position.
    capitulum
    rounded knob on the humerus; adjoins the radius
    Coronoid Fossa
    anterior depression superior to the trochlea, which receives part of the ulna when the forearm is flexed
    Ulna
    Forearm bone involved in formation of the elbow joint
    carpals
    wrist bones
    phalanges
    finger bones
    metacarpals
    heads of these bones form the knucles
    scapula and sternum
    bones that articulate with the clavicle
    How is the arm held clear of the widest dimension of the thoracic cage
    the clavicle acts as a strut to hold the glenoid cavity of the scapula(therefore the arm) laterally away from the narrowest dimension of the rib cage.
    What is the total number of phalanges in the hand?
    14
    What is the total numbers of carpals in the wrist
    8
    Name the carpals (medial to lateral) in the proximal row.
    pisiform, triquetral, lunate, scaphoid
    Name the carpals in the distal row (medial to lateral)
    hamate, capitate, trapezoid, trapezium
    The Humerus is a right bone in a posterior view
    The radius and ulna are right bones in an anterior view.
    Pectoral bones
    Flexibility most important
    Light weight
    Insecure axial and limb attachment
    Pelvic Bones
    Massive,
    Secure axial and limb attachements
    weight bearing most important
    What organs are protected at least in part by the pelvic girdle
    Uterus(female), urinary bladder, small instestine, rectum.
    Distinguis between the true pelvis and the false pelvis
    The true pelvis is the region inferior to the pelvic brim, which is encircled by bone. The false pelvis is the area medial to the flarin iliac bones and lies superior to the pelvic brim.
    Deduce why the pelvic bone of a four-legged animal such as the cat or the pig are much less massive than those of the human.
    The pelvic girdle does not have to carry the entire weight of the trunk in the quadruped animal
    A persons instinctively curls over his abdominal area in times of danger ..
    abdominal area organs receive the least protection from the skeletal system…
    For what anatomical reason do many woman appear to be slightly knock-kneed
    the pelvis is broader and the acetabula and ilia are more laterally positioned. Thus the femur runs downward to the knee more obliquely than in the male.
    How might this anatomical arrangement contribute to knee injuries in female athletes
    the more oblique angle in female causes greater fores on the anterior cruciate ligament ACL during knee rotation and the smaller the female intercondylar notch can pinch the ACL during twisting or hyperextended movements. Both events can cause a tear rupture of the ACL
    What does fallen arches mean
    a weaking of the tendons and ligaments supporting the arches of the food.
    Fuse to form the coxal bone
    ilium, ischium and pubis
    sit down bone of the coxal bone
    ischium
    point where the coxal bones join anteriorly
    pubic symphysis
    superiormost margin of the coxal bone
    iliac crest
    deep socket in the coxal bone that receives the head of the thigh bone
    acetabulum
    joint between axial skeleton and pelvic girdle
    sacroiliac joint
    longest strongest bone in body
    femur
    thing lateral leg bone
    fibula
    heavy medial leg bone
    tibia
    medial ankle projection
    medial malleolus
    lateral ankle projection
    lateral malleolus
    largest tarsal bone
    calcaneus
    ankle bones
    tarsals
    bones forming the instep of the foot
    metatarsals
    opening in hip bone formed by the public and ischial rami
    obturator foramen
    sites of muscles attachment on the proximal femur
    gluteal tuberosity and greater and lesser trochanters
    tarsal bone that sits on the calcaneus
    talus
    weight bearing bone of the leg
    tibia
    tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia
    talus

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    What are the 5 parts of the appendicular skeleton?
    The bones that contribute to the appendicular skeleton include the bones of the hands, feet, upper extremity, lower extremity, shoulder girdle, and pelvic bonespelvic bonesThe hip bone (os coxae, innominate bone, pelvic bone or coxal bone) is a large irregular bone, constricted in the center and expanded above and below. In some vertebrates (including humans before puberty) it is composed of three parts: the ilium, ischium, and the pubis.https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Hip_boneHip bone - Wikipedia.
    What are the appendicular skeleton in the body?
    The appendicular skeleton is one of two major bone groups in the body, the other being the axial skeleton. The appendicular skeleton is comprised of the upper and lower extremities, which include the shoulder girdle and pelvis.
    What is appendicular skeleton quizlet?
    Appendicular Skeleton. Consists of the bones of the upper and lower limbs, together with the shoulder girdle and the pelvic girdle. The bones of the limbs are attached to the axial skeleton by the means of the shoulder girdle and the pelvic girdle. Shoulder Girdle. Consists of the clavicle and the scapula.

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