History of ESPAs most people see it, the brain is a machine whose outputs depends essentially on input fed in through the senses. Yet history is rich in stories of individuals whose minds seemed capable of more: people claiming knowledge that their brains could not have gained through any senses known to science. The first work on ESP was done by the Society for Physical Research in London founded a century ago. Scientists have run thousands of experiments to learn if minds indeed have supernatural powers.
Most tests investigated one of the three main “faculties”: telepathy, clairvoyance and precognition, collectively called extrasensory perseption (ESP) by American psycologist J.B. Rhine. Dating from the early 1930s, Rhine’stests at Duke University at Durham, North Carolina, remain the most quoted examples of an expirimental blitzkreig on problems of parapsychology.
Three years of Rhine’s telepathy and clairvoyance testing averaged successes out of every 25 people tested, 2 better than chance would haveproduced, an overall result millions to one against the odd.
?Extrasensory Perseption or ESP is the abillity acquire informationwithout using any senses. In the dictionary, ESP is defined as: extra(eks’ra) n. 1. Something in addition to what is usual./ sensory(sen’so ri) adj. Pertaining to se sation or to any one of five senses, as, sensory experience; carrying nerve impulses from the sense organs to the brain or other nerve center./ perception (per sep’shun) n. A warenessconsciosness. Knowledge obtained through sense s. If you put these defenitions together, it clearly spells ESP. There are three main groups of ESP. ESP also has a sister called PK or psychokinetics. The three main groups of ESP are telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition. Telepathy is the tranference of thoughts without communication as we know it (hand signals, facial expressions, talking, etc.) Some tests of ESP are by the sender draws a complex picture and the receiver tries to reproduce it.
Clairvoyance is the perception of objects and events by paranormal means.
Rhine, as discussed in the earlier chapter, tests of clairvoyance and telepathy resulted in an average of 7 successes out of every 25,2 better than chance produced, an overall result millions to one against the odds.
Precognition is the knowledge of something before it happens. Now lets talk about phsychokenetics or PK. PK includes poltergeist and the moving of things through the mind(not limbs or body) If you have seen poltergeist, you pretty much know what poltergeist is, poltergeist means mischevous spirits, yet, that is not what it is really all about. Scientists feel that poltergeist in sidences are triggered by the brain of a person, usually a psychologically disturbed female around the age of puberty. Objects “claimed” to have been moved by poltergeist are cubbards way to heavy for a child to budge. In 1958 at a Long Island house a group of skeptical paraphsychologists had no explanation for bottles they saw sliding off the table.
There are many ways to test your telepathy. In the next paragraph, I will be explaining how to test your telepathy. First of all, choose a cool quiet room, where you can relax and not be disturbed. This room will be established as your ” ESP Lab”. Sit on a comforable chair, or lay down ona bed, and place a small table or desk beside you. Place a large curtain in the middle of the table so your partner does not see you. This should be done, because lip movements, whispering , or any other movements couldgive away answers. If this is not feasable, you may choose to be inseperate rooms. Now do anything else that might make you more comfortable.
Do not talk to your partner while testing and do not let him or her talk to you. Also, do not break your concentration. The most important thing todo is to be comfortable. There is an easy exercise that will help you to relax. First of all, close your eyes and let your mind wander as if you were going to sleep. Now tense every muscle in your body. Hold this for ten seconds, then let yourself go limp. Feel the muscles in your shoulder sand neck relaxing, then your arms, your stomach and legs, down to your toes. When you are comepletely relaxed, inhale deeply. Then hold your breath and exhale slowly. Repeat this breathing exercise for about a minute. Do not try to rush, and go step by step. Below are ESP symbolswich are used in professional labratories worldwide.
The only equipment you will need is a pack of ESP cards containing five duplications of the shapes shown above on index cards. Make sure the in does not go through. You should end up with twenty-five cards. There are three different tests.
Shuffle your dech of ESP cards. When you are ready, signal to your partner and have him or her pick up the top card and concentrate on the symbol. Take your time before making your Test your Telepathy guess. The time should vary from one answer to another. Take your time and do not make your answer untill you “feel right.” As you try to preceive the image in your partner’s mind, stay relaxed. Do not try too hard. When the answer comes to you, it will be vaige and hazy. If you strain it might drive the answer away. After a while, you will get the hang of it. When you are ready, call out your answer. Your partner should mark down your answer and the correct symbol on an ESP score sheet, one is located in the back of the book for an example. When the call is made, your partner should put the card to the side, face down. Do not get your emotions get to you, this could break your concentration. Each time you go through the deck it is called a run. You can probably complete five runs within thirty minutes.
This experiment is called a Direct Image Tranference Test. An American novelist, Upton Sinclair, used this test to test hids wife, Mary of herphsycic abillities. Mary would go in a seperate room and sit down andconcentrate. Upton would then open a dictionary at random and go to a pageuntill he found a word wich wouldbe drawn simply and clearly. Many times, Mary reproduced the drawings without seeing them. Sometimes these drawings were handed to her in a brown paper e nvelope. Only by holding theen velope, she reproduced the drawings with amazing accuracy. Do the something, grade the pictures on a scale of 1 to 10, with ten being very accurate and 1, no resemblence.
First of all, shuffle the ESP cards and put the deck face down in front of you. Relax. When you are ready put the top card face down on a table, do not look at it. Try to imagine the card. This is much like testing for telepathy, only that no human knows the card symbol. Mark your answers on a score sheet. Go through the deck five times. After 5 runs, count your hits, and look at the table below.
- Akins, W.R., ESP. New York: Franklin Watts, 1980. “Encyclopaedea Briticanna”,XIII,New York, 1976.
Cite this Extra Sensory Perception
Extra Sensory Perception. (2019, Apr 22). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/extra-sensory-perception/