French Indian War - USA Essay Example
The French and Indian War, the North American counterpart to the 7 Years War, was a massive and costly event - French Indian War introduction. The British government sent troops to defend the interests of the colonists. The repercussions of the war were quite significant and long lasting and the escalation that resulted led all the way to the Revolutionary War. The French and Indian War had great effect on the politics, economics, and ideology of the American colonies.
The political repercussions of the war were quite varied. The military experience it gave to the soldiers was a huge plus when fighting the British came years later. Had George Washington not transferred into General Edward “Bulldog” Braddock he might not have gotten the field experience at Fort Necessity (C). This experience would be vital when fighting the America revolution later after 1766. Another political result of the war was the Westward expansion of the settlers. With the removal of the French influence of the Ohio River Valley string of forts the settlers were free to expand into Indian Territory (A). This resulted in Pontiac’s Rebellion and the restrains on where to settle and an addition of more troops to the region which angered colonists. This new cost could not be handled by the British Treasury and since the English people were already so heavily taxed and the Americans were the ones reaping the benefits the introduction of a new set of taxes was a must. The English Parliament believed that the war was the colonists fault and as a result they would have to help the British pay off their immense debt which started with a tax on the merchants, but it spread to all colonists.
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The economic relations with England became noticeably strained after the French and Indian War. Parliament decided the quickest way to regain some of the costs of the war and the quartering of troops would be to tax the most profitable of the colonies, the West Indies. This became the Sugar Act. This unfair tax did not generate the revenues expected because of the smuggling and only affected a small portion of the population (F). Another measure taken was the Stamp Act. This required a stamp to be attached to all matters of documents and had to be paid for in British sterling which was scarce to start with. The Sugar Act affected only a small group. Only a small commission was made while the Stamp Act angered a large group a huge response came from the colonists (H). This was one of the first things that brought all colonists together and united them under a single goal. This act was a slap in the face to the most important people in the colonies, lawyers, judges, merchants, newspaper printers, and business men. The colonists helped fight the war and as a result for their contribution they were being taxed unfairly without representation or better known as “virtual representation”. Even though it was later repealed those people never forgave the insult and when the cry raised up for independence those were the men leading the charge.
The ideological position of the colonist changed over the years. Initially after the French and Indian War was over the colonists were relieved and grateful for their benefactor’s assistance. As Revere and Thomas Barnard shows the colonists had nothing but admiration for the mother country that had rescued them and stamped out the threats to them (E). As time went on, the colonists began to resent this now constant attention. They wished to return to the state of salutary neglect in which they managed their affairs. But this was soon shown to be impossible because once the Britain required all of France’s land after the French-Indian war the colonists had wished to settle on it. Britain soon put forward the Proclamation of 1763 which did not let colonists settle into the new territory in order to avoid conflict and this angered colonists even further. Before the French and Indian War, the British Empire was locked in constant combat with the French. With them defeated it turned its attention to its colonies and they resented them for it.
The French and Indian War strained relations as a result of the political, economic, and ideology of the colonies. The French and Indian War got the colonies on a course of change which led them all the way to the Revolutionary War. There disagreement with many British policies will show in the development of the articles of confederation in which there is little to known central power to make sure that they did not have a government like Britain. The United States disagreed with British policies for the most part
except loyalists and this is what will lead to the America Revolution and the creation of the United States of America.