The French and Indian War, or The Seven Years War, had a significant impact on American colonists, their relationship with the motherland of Great Britain but none more so than the Indian tribes of the interior. Britain’s victory over France would, in essence, change the world at that time. It would not create a peaceful existence for those remaining in the Colonies. Hostilities grew at an alarming rate within the interior of the country due in part to an Indian uprising.
Also prevalent in the time were power shift among colonies that ended a time of peacefulness with local Indian tribes and mounting tensions with King George III and British government. During the Peace of Paris Treaty in 1763, which ended the French and Indian War, France deeded lands to Britain that Indians tribes claim as their own. This blunder would cause confusion of land ownership and fur trades that would cause the Indians of the Ohio Valley and Great Lakes to revolt against the British rule in 1763.
A noted cause of the rebellion was the teaching of religious prophet by the name of Neolin whom taught his people to reject all technology and dress as their ancestors did and drive the British from their lands. This revolt would become known as Pontiac’s Rebellion; so named for the Ottawa war leader… In a noted speech Pontiac would state: “Englishmen, although you have conquered the French, you have not yet conquered us! We are not your slaves. These lakes, these woods and mountains were left to us by our ancestors. They are our inheritance and we will part with them to none. (1) Tribes from the several different areas lay siege to Detroit, a major British outpost, taking forts and killing hundreds of white settlers they felt had intruded upon Indian lands. British forces would respond and over the next two years tribes would settle down individually. The revolt would result in the Proclamation of 1763, issued from London, prohibiting colonization west of the Appalachian Mountains. (1) This area was to be strictly Indian land. This decision was unpopular with settlers and ignored. This only further enflamed the conflicts between settlers and Indians.
The colonies were experiencing their own issues as well. Most notably in Pennsylvania where passive Quaker elite step down from their political seats when colonial authorities declared war on hostile Delaware Indians thus ending the long time rule of Quaker society. The governor would form a militia and put a bounty on Indian scalps. That was not enough for some settlers. In December of 1763 a group of fifty men (known as The Paxton Boys), mostly Scots-Irish farmers killed several Indians from the village of Conestoga who lived under the governors protection.
The Paxton Boys actions of 1764, marching on Philadelphia in an attempt to massacre Moravian Indians, would prompt the governor to issue expulsion of most Indians in the area. (1) Even with all the hostilities in the aftermath the colonies did have a somewhat positive outcome of French and Indian War. Greater bonds were created that would last for a long time and form a sense of liberty that would also cause tension between Britain and her colony in the Americas. After the war, during which Britain would treat the colonies are treated as equals, British ruler George III would change how he looked at the American colonies.
He felt they should be grateful to Britain for spending millions of dollars fighting the French. Most high ranking British government agreed with his thoughts. Taxes, writs and a multitude of new laws, including afore mentioned Proclamation of 1763, were enacted that enraged the American colonies. Americans insisted they should not be taxed because they were not represented in Parliament. The British government ignored this and continued to mandate new acts of control. Americans would be a rebellion for independence a short decade later.
To say the effects of the French and Indian War were not significant would be a grave injustice. It seems to be stepping stone of larger historically occurrences that follow. An Indian rebellion on the heels of the French surrendering, white settlers committing acts of hostility against Indians that force them away from settled cities and British government enacting several new laws, to help recover the cost of the war, that would ultimately cause The American Revolution and independence from Britain and the forming a new great nation. The French and Indian War truly did reshape the world as we know it.
Cite this Effects of French & Indian War
Effects of French & Indian War. (2016, Oct 22). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/effects-of-french-indian-war/