Throughout history to present day, Australian culture has become the product of a distinct blend of established traditions and new influences. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, the country’s original inhabitants, created the foundation for the land’s cultural traditions over 40,000 years ago. In addition, the rest of Australia’s people are migrants or descendants of migrants from various other countries who transported their own customs, beliefs, and value systems to the land.
As a result, Australia’s culture has significantly broadened its social and cultural profile over the years, and still continues to evolve today.
A key component of Australian culture today is not only their diversity, but more importantly, the extent to which the people are united by an overriding and unifying commitment to their country. “Each citizen is expected to uphold the principles and shared values that support Australia’s way of life.
These include: respect for equal worth, dignity and freedom of the individual, freedom of speech and association, freedom of religion and a secular government, support for parliamentary democracy and the rule of law, equality under the law, equality of men and women, equality of opportunity, peacefulness, and a spirit of egalitarianism that embraces tolerance, mutual respect, and compassion for those in need.
” These value systems of Australian culture are directly parallel with the quantified scores attributed to the nation on the Geert Hofstede’s Five Cultural Dimension scales.
On the Cultural scales, Australia ranks recognizably high regarding the aspect of individualism. Mostly considered an egalitarian society, the people of Australia greatly stress the importance of individual rights and freedoms. Even though relationships are paramount, everyone has the right to his/her own opinion and to voice that opinion. Within the framework of the nation’s legislation, Australia’s people are constantly striving for a better quality of life and a higher standard of living.
When it comes to the aspects of masculinity and uncertainty avoidance, Australia finds itself more middle of the road on the Cultural scales in comparison to other countries. Australian society is very direct in the way they communicate. Masculinity traits such as assertiveness, power, and strength are used to take charge of situations attempting to avoid any uncertainty if at all possible. The nation prefers to carefully plan their day-to-day activities, business or personal, in order to reduce their risks to the minimum and proceed with changes step by step.
Australia has a much lower ranked evaluation regarding the power distance and long term orientation components of Hofstede’s scale. Any Australian has an equal opportunity to rise in their society. The nation has an overwhelming belief in egalitarianism. As a result, it reduces the distinctions between the strong and the weak, the rich and the poor, etc. , in social settings as well as within organizational structures. Not to mention, Australia’s dedication for respecting tradition, authenticity, sincerity, modesty, and personal steadiness and stability can all be used to support their low power distance and more short term oriented culture. | | | When comparing the United States and Australia, the rankings for each dimension are very similar. This illustrates the aspects of how both cultures are of high importance and parallel to one another. The comparison will highlight various values and traditions within each culture that have lead to the similar ranking for each dimension. The United States and Australia have the highest ranking of all countries for the dimension of individualism. The United States values individual liberties, self-sufficiency, and equality.
While family is important there is great importance placed on individual accomplishments. This is also highlighted in political and economic traditions of the United States, where the pursuit of self-interest leads to economic success and is better for the individual and society as a whole. Both countries rank lower than the world average of 55 on the Power Distance Index. The United States, like Australia, has greater equality between social levels and there is equal opportunity for individuals to rise.
The ranking is representative in individuals that have the ability to express ideas and opinions to those at higher power levels and the different levels being open to communication and allowing for cooperation. The world average for the Masculinity Dimension is 50, with both the United States and Australia having a higher ranking. Traits associated with masculinity are assertiveness, material success, and individual achievement. The female population has adapted these traits and begun to shift toward a more traditional male role, with an increasing number of women continuing to enter the workforce.
The direct communication style of the United States illustrates the masculine traits. The U. S. places heavy emphasis on getting their point across rather than getting to know those they are doing business with. This dimension is closely related to both countries’ rankings in the individuality dimension. When comparing the dimension of long-term orientation both the United States and Australia rank lower than the world average of 45. The short term-orientation reflects the importance of meeting current obligations and the high value placed on traditions.
The aforementioned culture of Australia explains this ranking, while the United States stresses the importance of personal stability and “protecting face”. The world average for the dimension of Uncertainty Avoidance is 64, with both Australia and the United States ranking lower than this average. The United States and Australia sit around the middle on this dimension with Australia ranking slightly higher than the United States. While there is structure and a tendency to plan some aspects of activity the United States does not try to control all activities and economic outcomes.
There are general guidelines and rules that allow for individual freedoms and a freer market system. This allows for the generation of new ideas and differing opinions among members of a group and society as a whole. Australia and the United States demonstrated similar rankings on Geert Hofstede’s five cultural dimensions. Australia and the United States parallel one another and place importance on similar aspects within their national culture, such as individual rights and tradition. The previous information presented highlights and the important characteristics that help to define each nation’s culture and clarify each ranking.
Cite this Geert Hofstede’s Five Dimensions of National Culture – Australia
Geert Hofstede’s Five Dimensions of National Culture – Australia. (2017, Mar 15). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/geert-hofstedes-five-dimensions-of-national-culture-australia/