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Growth and Development

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    All major systems undergo progressive maturation. Growth is very rapid during the first year, especially the initial 6 months. Infants gain 5-7 oz. Every week for the first 6 months. By the end of the first year the infant’s weight is about three times the birth weight. Height increases by 2. 5 CM each month for the first 6 months. 6 months to year 1 growth comes in spurts rather than gradual patterns. Head growth is rapid.

    Head circumference increases approximately 1. 5 CM each month, 6 months to 1 year by 0. 5 CM. By the end of 1 year the cranial sutures close, the anterior fontanel close within the first 8 week and the posterior fontanel closing by 12 to 18 months. Maturation of Systems: Respiratory: rate slows from 35 at birth to 30 from months 1-11 Immunologic: Gig is present in large amounts offering protection in the GIG tract. Newborn receives significant amounts of maternal Gig starts synthesizing own at about 3 months, by 1 year has nearly 40% of adult levels.

    Significant amounts of IGMP are produced at birth and adult levels are reached by 9 moss produced more gradually adult levels are not reached until early childhood. Ђ Cardiovascular: heart rate slows from 100-180 (resting awake) at newborn to 80-150 after 3 moss. Homeopathic: significant changes occur during the 1st year teal Hag is present in large quantities for the first 5 MO. , with adult Hag steadily increasing through the 1st h of infancy. Digestive: process is immature at birth.

    The majority of the digestive process does not begin functions until 3 moss. Digestion takes place in the duodenum where pancreatic enzymes and bile begin to break down protein and fat. The immaturity is evident in the appearance of the stool; solid foods are passed incompletely broken own. Triangulation: during infancy becomes more efficient, the ability of the skin to contract and of muscles to shiver. Renal: immature and predisposes the infant to dehydration.

    Complete maturity of the kidney occurs during the latter h of the 2nd year. Sensory: Auditory acuity is at adult levels during infancy. Visual acuity begins to improve, and binocular fixation is established. Binocularly, or the fixation of two ocular images into one cerebral picture, begins to develop by 6 weeks of age and should be well established by age 4 moss. Depth perception begins to evolve by age 7 to 9 months by may exist earlier as an innate safety mechanism against accidental falling.

    I Erikson I Goldberg I Pigged I Freud I I Psychosocial development – I Peremptorily or presentational I Cognitive development – I morality I Age II -3 month I Oral stage – mouth is pleasure I I developing sense of trust I seniority phase I Gross motor I producer I Fine motor I Can turn head from side to side Hands predominately closed, grasp reflex strong I lag @ 1 MO able to hold head erect when I hand clenches on contact @ 1 MO I Head Sitting but still bobs forward @ 3 moss. With I Hands often open; grasp reflex fades @ 2 moss. I I I only slight head lag.

    I Actively holds objects, grasp reflex absent, I I I hands kept loosely open, clutches own hand; I I I pulls at blankets and clothes 1 14-6 month Inmost no head lag, balances head, able to sit Viable to grasp objects, holds bottle, uses I I I for increasing amounts of time, rolls from back palmary grasp, plays with toys, tries to reach I I abdomen I for object but over shoots. 1 17-9 month I Creeps on hands and knees, can pull self to I Uses thumb and finger in crude pincer grasp, I I Standing position with something to hold on to Preference for dominant hand becomes evident.Physical Growth: All major systems undergo progressive maturation. Growth is very rapid during the first year, especially the initial 6 months. Infants gain 5-7 oz. Every week for the first 6 months. By the end of the first year the infant’s weight is about three times the birth weight. Height increases by 2. 5 CM each month for the first 6 months. 6 months to year 1 growth comes in spurts rather than gradual patterns. Head growth is rapid.

    Head circumference increases approximately 1. 5 CM each month, 6 months to 1 year by 0. 5 CM. By the end of 1 year the cranial sutures close, the anterior fontanel close within the first 8 week and the posterior fontanel closing by 12 to 18 months. Maturation of Systems: Respiratory: rate slows from 35 at birth to 30 from months 1-11 Immunologic: Gig is present in large amounts offering protection in the GIG tract. Newborn receives significant amounts of maternal Gig starts synthesizing own at about 3 months, by 1 year has nearly 40% of adult levels.

    Significant amounts of IGMP are produced at birth and adult levels are reached by 9 moss produced more gradually adult levels are not reached until early childhood. Ђ Cardiovascular: heart rate slows from 100-180 (resting awake) at newborn to 80-150 after 3 moss. Homeopathic: significant changes occur during the 1st year teal Hag is present in large quantities for the first 5 MO. , with adult Hag steadily increasing through the 1st h of infancy. Digestive: process is immature at birth.

    The majority of the digestive process does not begin functions until 3 moss. Digestion takes place in the duodenum where pancreatic enzymes and bile begin to break down protein and fat. The immaturity is evident in the appearance of the stool; solid foods are passed incompletely broken own. Triangulation: during infancy becomes more efficient, the ability of the skin to contract and of muscles to shiver. Renal: immature and predisposes the infant to dehydration.

    Complete maturity of the kidney occurs during the latter h of the 2nd year. Sensory: Auditory acuity is at adult levels during infancy. Visual acuity begins to improve, and binocular fixation is established. Binocularly, or the fixation of two ocular images into one cerebral picture, begins to develop by 6 weeks of age and should be well established by age 4 moss. Depth perception begins to evolve by age 7 to 9 months by may exist earlier as an innate safety mechanism against accidental falling.

    I Erikson I Goldberg I Pigged I Freud I I Psychosocial development – I Peremptorily or presentational I Cognitive development – I morality I Age II -3 month I Oral stage – mouth is pleasure I I developing sense of trust I seniority phase I Gross motor I producer I Fine motor I Can turn head from side to side Hands predominately closed, grasp reflex strong I lag @ 1 MO able to hold head erect when I hand clenches on contact @ 1 MO I Head Sitting but still bobs forward @ 3 moss. With I Hands often open; grasp reflex fades @ 2 moss. I I I only slight head lag.

    I Actively holds objects, grasp reflex absent, I I I hands kept loosely open, clutches own hand; I I I pulls at blankets and clothes 1 14-6 month Inmost no head lag, balances head, able to sit Viable to grasp objects, holds bottle, uses I I I for increasing amounts of time, rolls from back palmary grasp, plays with toys, tries to reach I I abdomen I for object but over shoots. 1 17-9 month I Creeps on hands and knees, can pull self to I Uses thumb and finger in crude pincer grasp, I I Standing position with something to hold on to Preference for dominant hand becomes evident.

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