Islamic Worldview Critical Thinking Essay
Islamic Worldview a. The Question of Origin – Similarly to Genesis of the Bible, the Quran offers verses describing creation. “Surely, your Lord is Allah who created the heavens and the earth…” (Yunus 10:3) The Quran also tells us that Allah is the creator of all, including man. There are very few differences between the Islamic and Christian views of Creation, as both views accept that everything was created by the Lord. b. The Question of Identity – “The Islamic Identity is taken to mean the way of life of the Muslim, a comprehensive set of beliefs, practices, and ideologies as derived from the Quran and the example of Muhammad (BPUH).
Islamic identity is that which separates us from non-Muslims. Robust Islamic Identity is also what separates between strong and shaky Muslims. ” (Elsaie) c. The Question of Meaning/Purpose – “The Christian witness, that man is created in the ‘image and likeness of God,’ is not the same as the Muslim witness. Although God breathed into man His spirit…for Islam the only Divine quality that was entrusted to man as a result of God’s breath was the faculty of knowledge, will, and power of action.
If man uses these Divine qualities rightly in understanding God and following His law strictly, then he has nothing to fear in the present or in the future, and no sorrow for the past. ” (Kateregga, 1981) Islamic religion has the belief that the purpose of man is to do God’s will. d. The Question of Morality – “Islam does not hold out the possibility of salvation through the work of God on the behalf of the people, but invites people to accept God’s guidance as to what people should do. ” (Burroughs & Ankerberg, 2008) Human beings were born innocent, but chose to sin against God.
We have the power to choose good over evil. God is the standard for morality in the Islamic religion. e. The Question of Destiny – According to the Quran, judgment will be delivered by means of a scale balancing the good deeds of man against the bad deeds. It offers a detailed description of Heaven and Hell stating that non-believers will spend eternity in pain, while believers will find whatever their hearts desire. However, in Islamic religion, there is no assurance of salvation. II. Christian Worldview a. The Question of Origin – The question of origin is entirely rooted in God.
Genesis 1:1 tells us about the creation of the earth and the heavens. Genesis 1:27 tells us that God created man in His own image. “Theism contends that everything that exists, including humans, is the result of God, the Creator God. God is said to have created Ex Nihilo, “out of nothing. ”’ (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011) Like the Bible, the Quran offers verses which state that everything was created by God. b. The Question of Identity – In the Christian worldview, identity is constructed by the understanding of who we are in God’s eyes. We are beings made in the image of God.
The scriptural answer to this question is found in Genesis 1:26-27. “Theism views God as eternal and that mankind is a special creation of God. ” (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011) Islamic Identity is based on a lifestyle lead by Muslims. c. The Question of Meaning/Purpose – “Theists believe that the purpose of mankind is to know God. Christianity is about a relationship with God and not simply following the tenants of a religion” (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011). The purpose of mankind is found in John 17:3. Like Christians, Muslims believe that their purpose is to do God’s will. d.
The Question of Morality – Mankind was created good, but sin entered the world through Adam according to Romans 5:12-14. As a result of this sin, man has fallen short of the glory of God (Romans 3:23). This means that as humans, we are inclined to disobey. However, we still have a standard by which we know the difference between right and wrong. The ultimate standard is God Himself who is holy and separate from all evil. “The standard of morality is present in all humans in their conscience, but ultimately exemplified in Jesus Christ, so the Christian is to follow God’s moral standard. ” (Lefebvre, 2011).
As with Christian religion, Muslims believe God is the standard for morality. e. The Question of Destiny – Growing up in church, we learned about Heaven and Hell. “Heaven and Hell are both literal places where people exist eternally either in the presence and blessings of God in Heaven (Revelation 21:1-7) or in a state of separation from God, being punished in Hell (Revelation 20:11-15). ” (Weider & Gutierrez, 2011) Both Christians and Muslims believe in Heaven and Hell. The difference is that Muslims do not believe in the assurance of eternal salvation. As Christians, we are taught that if we accept Christ, we will have eternal salvation.
Muslims, however, do not believe in this assurance. REFERENCES: Burroughs, D. , & Ankerberg, J. (2008). How is Christianity Different From Other Religions? AMG Publishers. Elsaie, D. A. (n. d. ). Islamic Identity. Retrieved from www. usislam. org Kateregga, B. (1981). Islam and Christianity: A Muslim and a Christian in Dialogue. Wm. B. Eerdmans Pub. Co. Lefebvre, M. (2011, April 02). Worldviews-Christianity. Retrieved from Warranted Belief: http://warrantedbelief. wordpress. com (n. d. ). Quran. In Yunus 10:3. Weider, D. , & Gutierrez, D. (2011). Consider. Virginia Beach: Academx Publishing Services, Inc.