„Worldview? is an English translation of the German term “Weltanschauung”. ?It is rendered in Arabic as“Ru? yatu li al-wujud or Tasawur li al-wujud”, (???? ?????? ?? ???? ?????? Worldview Defined: ?A set of attitudes on a wide range of fundamental matters. ?A comprehensive set of propositions about various aspects of the world. ?A unified and comprehensive view of the world around us and man” place within it. ?Basic assumptions and images that provide a more or less coherent, though not necessarily accurate, way of thinking about the world. A worldview is a profile of the way the people within a specified culture live, act ,think ,work and relate. It is a“map”or culture’s social, religious, economic and political views and relationships. What a worldview does ?A worldview encapsulates answers regarding broad questions of life understanding. "These questions are lifetime concerns and sources of anxiety. They involve fundamental matters, expressed in the form of queries. Here are some examples of on going human concerns: World view influences all aspects of life: Some worldviews such as Islam cover all aspects of life including the personal, social, economic, political , cultural,civilization besides dealing with spiritual ,moral ,and Aqidah issues. ?But there are other worldviews which focus only on spiritual,material,social,or economic aspects of human life. ?Any worldview should be able to answer the ultimate questions not necessary correct answers but at least consistent. The Definition of Islamic worldview “Ru’yatal-Islam li al-wujud” ?“A metaphysical survey of the visible as well as the invisible worlds including the perspective of life as a whole”.
Al-Attasin“IslamandtheChallengeofModernity,p. 27. ?Islamic worldview encompasses the issues of universe, creator, prophethood, society, man, and hereafter. ?It is not a worldview that is formed merely by amalgamation or historical concoction of various cultural values. Rather, it is a well established framework derived from the revelation and interpreted by Muslim scholars throughout Islamic history. ?The worldview of Islam encompasses both al-dunia( ? ?? ??? )and al-akhirah( ? ???? )in which the dunia aspect must be inextricably linked to the akhirah aspect, and in which the akhirah aspect has ultimate and final significance.
The Main Elements of Islamic worldview ?God; ?Revelation (i. e. the Qur? an)and Prophethood; ?God? s Creation; ?Man and the psychology of human soul; ?Knowledge; ?Religion ?Freedom; ?Values and virtues; ?Hereafter ?And happiness. The Objectives of Islamic worldview ?To provide the Muslims with the true knowledge and explanation about the world, seen and unseen, as they are explained in the Qura'n. ?To teach people the way and method how to achieve the main values of Islam in human life. ?To establish the fundamental ethical precepts, such as justice, freedom, trust, and dignity of human life and existence. Worldview of Islam comprises both al-dunya and al-Akhirah aspects,in which the dunya-aspect must be related profoundly to the Akhirah-aspect, and in which the Akhirah-aspect has ultimate and final significance. ?Islamic worldview is not a worldview that is formed merely by the gathering together of various cultural objects, values and phenomena into artificial coherence. ?This frame of reference provides us with correct and consistent answers to the ultimate questions pertinent to the issues of God, unseen, man, universe, and life.
It also guides man as a vicegerent of Allah to the correct belief system, shariah, and ethical values. Religious worldview ?There is a universal spirit, god, deity or divine entity ?This divinity has established an eternal moral order that, in part at least,can be known to human beings. ?People have the duty to follow eternal moral dictates ?This human conduct has long-term(beyond individual death)significance. Characteristics of Religious Worldview ?The Religious worldview considers both the world of seen and unseen. It is comprehensive in its perception of the world.
It does not undermine any dimension of reality and existence ? Its basis is on the scripture or, sacred, revealed or non-revealed text. ?It is more stable than the scientific and philosophical worldview, in terms of having certain and unchanged able principles of belief system and ethical system. ?The Religious worldview in general imparts to our life the sense of responsibility, meaning, and purpose. This means that life and the existence has a meaning and a purpose. Therefore, it makes our life as a responsibility towards God, and towards other people.