The Nevada Constitution versus The Bill of Rights Ratified in 1791 by three-fourths of the states, the Bill of Right is made of ten amendments to the United Stated Constitution. Approved by voters of the Territory of Nevada, the Nevada Constitution was approved in September of 1864. The First Amendment of the Bill of Rights discusses freedom of speech, press, religion, assembly, and right to petition. Article One of the Nevada Constitution contains the declaration of rights.
These rights are as follows; inalienable rights, trial by jury, right to bear arms, quartering soldiers, and several others. Section 9 of the Nevada Constitution regards freedom of speech and press. The right to assemble and petition can be found in Section 10 of the Nevada Constitution. The right to bear arms and quartering soldiers is discussed in Sections 11 and 12 in the Nevada Constitution; these can be found in the Second and Third Amendments, respectively, of the Bill of Rights.
Section 18 of the Nevada Constitution and Fourth Amendment of the Bill of Rights discuss unreasonable search and seizure. The Eighth Amendment in the Bill of Rights states that excessive bail should not be imposed and there should be no cruel and unusual punishments; likewise, Section 6 of the Nevada Constitution is in regard to bail and punishment. Section 8 in the Nevada Constitution explains the rights of accused criminals in court, which includes a fair and speedy trail, due process, and no double jeopardy.
The Sixth Amendment of the Bill of Rights goes into detail the fact that criminals are entitled to a fair and speedy trial and can have the Assistance of Counsel for defense; the right for a criminal to not be a witness against himself is found in the Fifth Amendment. Section 21 of the Nevada Constitution states that only marriage between a man and woman will be recognized as legal by the state, whereas a marriage between same sexes will not. This section directly contradicts the Bill of Rights and the First Section of the Constitution.
The inalienable rights of both documents state that all men, by nature, are free and equal and have certain rights, which include pursuing and obtaining safety and happiness. Individuals seeking to marry a partner of the same sex is merely trying to obtain happiness, as the inalienable rights allow. Preventing them from marrying seems to be a direct violation of their inalienable rights. Section Seventeen in the Nevada Constitution concerns slavery and involuntary servitude.
The section states that slavery and involuntary solitude are illegal in this state. This means that people cannot force somebody to work for them when involuntarily. Article Four of the Nevada Constitution, specifically Section 38, discusses the relatively recent issue regarding the use of medical marijuana. The section establishes that the legislature can grant law that a physician can prescribe the plant of the genus Cannabis for the alleviation of certain medical conditions.
Section 38 was added in 2000. The Bill of Rights and the Nevada Constitution are very important documents. The Bill of Rights is extremely important because it contains our basic rights. The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution, or the Bill of Rights, are mainly related to the first article in the Nevada Constitution. The Nevada Constitution also contains Sections that relate to marriage, medical marijuana, and slavery.