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Crime Rate in the United States due to Illegal Immigration

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Опровергающее эссе

Согласно эссе (фокус опровержения), нелегальная иммиграция резко увеличила уровень преступности в Соединенных Штатах. Например, в Лос-Анджелесе 95% всех известных убийств приходится на нелегальных мигрантов. Одно исследование показало, что в конце 2003 года в исправительных учреждениях США содержалось около 267 000 нелегалов. В других исследованиях нелегальным мигрантам приписывается 12% тяжких преступлений, 25% краж со взломом, 34% краж и 2% сексуальных преступлений. Однако Центр иммиграционной политики в недавнем исследовании, опубликованном в прошлый понедельник, сказал, что нелегальная иммиграция не повышает уровень преступности в Соединенных Штатах. В частности, исследование показало, что процент заключенных среди молодых людей в возрасте от 12 до 38 лет, как правило, самый низкий среди иммигрантов.

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Исследование показало, что, хотя численность нелегальных иммигрантов увеличилась вдвое до 12 миллионов, количество насильственных преступлений (это тот тип преступления, который в предыдущем эссе пытался спроецировать в результате увеличения нелегальной иммиграции) снизился до 34%. Преступления против собственности снизились на 26%, и этот процент можно охарактеризовать как значительный. В том же исследовании также говорится, что мексиканцы, родившиеся за границей, чаще подвергаются заключению, чем мужчины мексиканского происхождения, родившиеся в США (0,7% против 5,9%) (Moscoso 1). Таким образом, в исследовании сделан вывод об отсутствии корреляции между нелегальной иммиграцией в США и уровнем преступности.

Один из исследователей (Рубен Дж. Румбаут) не только не представлял необработанные данные для американской общественности, но и отметил, что «неправильное представление о том, что иммигранты, особенно нелегальные иммигранты, несут ответственность за более высокий уровень преступности, глубоко укоренилось в американском общественном мнении и поддерживается средствами массовой информации. анекдоты и популярный миф »(Москосо 1). Таким образом, не только исследование доказало, что нелегальная иммиграция не является причиной преступлений в США; это также доказало, что восприятие СМИ нелегальной иммиграции было хорошо интегрировано в мышление большинства американской общественности (через освещение в СМИ).

The second argument presented by the previous essay had something to do with border security. In 2005, the so-called Border Patrol apprehended over 1.2 million illegal aliens; 10% of those came from countries other than Mexico. Six hundred and fifty of these non-Mexican aliens were from “special interest countries” (countries designated by the intelligence community as a country that could export individuals that could bring harm to our country in a way of terrorism). The essay noted that individuals with ties from the Al-Qaeda were changing their Islamic surnames to Hispanic ones to avoid apprehension by the police or the intelligence community.

This rebuttal essay is not supportive of terrorism nor conjures to the idea of displaying a country open to terrorism. What this rebuttal essay wants to present is how the United States government, especially the executive branch of the government, implemented “effective” measures to combat terrorism, via some “open” channels like immigration. Following the 9/11 attack, the US Congress passed the so-called US Patriot Act of 2001 (entitled “Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism”).

The Act is divided into ten parts which deal mostly on increasing the intelligence capacity of CIA, protecting the national border, freezing accounts which are suspiciously held by terrorists, increasing the term of imprisonment for terrorists, certain provisions for enhancing surveillance procedures of the intelligence agency, a provision for removing obstacles to investigating terrorism, and, of course, provisions for protecting the borders of the United States from possible terrorist attacks through the strengthening of the Border Patrol. In 2005, President Bush signed another law which aimed to hire 10 000 more Border Patrol agents (2000 per year). The Border Patrol has about 9500 agents in its payroll.The general task of these agents is to patrol 8000 miles of border (Canadian and Mexican borders). The Bush government though ignored the law and instead of providing funds for 2000 additional agents (in the given year), procured package funds for just 210 new agents (White 1). Although both Houses of Congress bypassed the White House (in 2005) and hired additional 1500 agents, it was still short of the required increment per year (the hiring was effective only in 2005). Thus, the threat of terrorism has become more and more pronounced in the United States not because illegal immigrants can easily pass to the borders but to the lack of political will of the Bush government to end illegal immigration. Now while it is true that illegal immigration can bring about a surge of migrants from ”special interest countries”, it should be noted that the Homeland Security and the intelligence community is now capable of tracking immigrants who have direct links to the Al-Qaeda through a special law passed in Congress. The Department of Homeland Security was strengthened and realigned with other agencies of government on its primary responsibility – war on terror. Suspected terrorists were prevented from leaving the United States. Documents were furnished by the intelligence community to the said department, for validation (Chertoff 1). Thus, there is reason to believe that terrorism has been checked in the United States. Legal or illegal immigration, the Homeland Security Department (through the cooperation of other government agencies) can curb the threat of terrorism.

The last argument of the previous essay had something to do with drug importation and increase of diseased in the United States. The previous essay noted that a significant proportion of illegal immigrants are active in drug trafficking. Nonetheless, because of “increased” illegal immigration in the United States, types of diseases are springing up in every major American city. This is an argument that does not take into consideration the actual proportion of US born citizens who are actively engaged in drug use or in many cases trafficking. For one, drug trafficking in the United States because there is both a potential market for users as well as links. When referring to links, one is forced to consider US born citizens. Thus, in a study conducted by the Immigration Policy Center, it was indicated that illegal immigration accounted to only 22% of drug trafficking in the United States, far lower than “roles” of American mafias in major American cities.

The increasing surge of illegal immigration in the United States is caused primarily by the economic environment of the United States. The United States economy offers illegal migrants better working conditions and income than their countries of origin. This surge though is not only a result of economic motivation on the part of the illegal migrants. Many corporations, especially those near the Mexican-US border prefer illegal migrants because it enables them to cut expenses (cheaper wages) (White 2). Many of these corporations are secretly “hiring” illegal migrant; thus motivating people from Mexico to work in the United States illegally.

Works Cited

Chertoff, Sec. Michael, Dept. of Homeland Security. Address to Commerce Secretary Gutierrez At A Press Conference On Border Security And Administrative Immigration Reform August 10, 2007.

Москосо, Юнис. Исследование: иммигранты не повышают уровень преступности в США (Опубликовано 27.02.07). Аризона, Cox News Service, 2007. URL http://www.azstarnet.com/news/171109. Проверено 7 октября 2007 года.

Белый, Дебора. Почему федеральное правительство не может положить конец нелегальной иммиграции. Разъяснение нелегальной иммиграции – прибыль и бедность, социальное обеспечение и голод. Компания New York Times, 2007. URL http://usliberals.about.com/od/immigration/a/IllegalImmi.htm. Проверено 7 октября 2007 года.

Cite this Crime Rate in the United States due to Illegal Immigration

Crime Rate in the United States due to Illegal Immigration. (2016, Jul 13). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/rebuttal-essay/

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