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Sultan Mehmed Al-Fateh

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    Word of the Prophet while digging trenches in the battle of the Trench, “… Constantinople (now Istanbul) will fall into the hands of the Muslim army. King is the best of the king, his army is the best army … ” (Hadith narrated by Imam Ahmad) Hadith of the Prophet are realized almost 800 years later by Sultan Muhammad Al-Fateh, the seventh caliph Ottoman government with 150,000 troops. Sultan Muhammad Al-Fateh was born on March 29, 1432 AD at Adrianapolis (border Turkey – Bulgaria). However, his life history actually began nearly 800 years before his birth to have been referred to as “the best of kings” in the Hadith above.

    He is also known by the title of Muhammad Al-Fateh for successfully liberate Constantinople. He ascended the throne at the age of 19 years and reigned for 30 years (1451-1481). He was a great statesman and commander of an army general who led the military campaign itself 25. She died on May 3, 1481 due to gout. Some historians think he died poisoned He received a comprehensive and integrated education. In the field of religion, the teacher is Sheikh Shamsuddin Al-Wali said of the sons Sayyidina Abu Bakr As-Siddiq RA.

    In the knowledge that war, he taught the tactics of war, archery and horse riding by the commanders of the army. In the academic field, he was an eminent scholar of his time is well versed in seven languages: Arabic, Latin, Greek, Serbian, Turkish, Persian and Hebrew. In the fields of rule, the father Sultan Murad II, with the purpose of educating, when they go to the island of Magnesia reclusive, has appointed his 12 year-old in the office of Caliphate. In this age he has matured as young as hoaxes tackle enemies. He always is humility.

    During the build Rumeli Fortress Hissari, he removed his clothes and turban, lifting rocks and sand to the scholars and ministers have to follow the same work. He has always been a calm, quiet, brave, patient, firm and strong secrecy rule. He was very loving ulamadan always talk to them about the problems of the country. Muslims need to do their best to understand Islam according to the Qu’ran and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) now more than before because there are many new and strange beliefs and practices causing disunity among the Muslims.

    Faith is very important, our faith has to conform with the Qur’an and the Sunnah because our solat, righteous deeds and all acts of worship will not be accepted if our faith and Islamic aqidah are deficient. Islam emphasizes the importance of knowledge both religious and mundane. Islam is a justly balanced religion (Q2:143). It does not forbid us from seeking the good things of this world (including but not limited to sound western education or any other useful knowledge) because we want Paradise but it advises us not to let the search for good things of the world be our main pursuit in this world.

    Allah Himself commands us to pray: ?Our Lord! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and defend us from the torment on the fire! ” Q2:201 The first generation of Muslims demonstrated their good understanding of Islam, they were pious men and they contributed to scientific discoveries and other sphere of knowledge. But only few Muslims of the present generation do this. It is either he/she is a professor in his/her field and knows next to nothing about Islam or he is an Islamic Scholar with little or no knowledge about other fields of knowledge.

    Some of the excuses some people who have acquired western education usually give when they are encouraged to learn about Islam are old age and lack of time. They have forgotten that the Prophet (PBUH) and most of His companions, accepted and learnt about Islam at old age around forty years. So, age is not a barrier to knowledge. Let us change our disposition to the acquisition of Islamic and other forms of knowledge/education. The first and most crucial obligation on us is to acquire knowledge and secondly to practice and preach this knowledge.

    No man becomes truly a Muslim without knowing the meaning of Islam, because he becomes a Muslim not through birth but through knowledge. Unless we come to know the basic and necessary teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) how can we believe in him, have faith in him, act according to what he taught? It is impossible for us to be a Muslim, and at the same time live in a state of ignorance. A person without knowledge is like someone walking along a track in complete darkness. Most likely his steps will wander aside and he easily can be deceived by shaytaan.

    This shows that our greatest danger lies in our ignorance of Islamic teachings and in our unawareness of what the Qur’an teaches and what guidance has been given by the Prophet (PBUH). But if we are blessed with the light of knowledge we will be able to see plainly the clear path of Islam at every step of our lives. We shall also be able to identify and avoid the dangerous paths of Kufr, Shirk and immorality, which may cross it. And, whenever a false guide meets us on the way, a few words with him will quickly establish that he is not a guide who should be followed.

    Knowledge is pursued and practiced with modesty and humility and leads to beauty and dignity, freedom and justice. The main purpose of acquiring knowledge is to bring us closer to God. It is not simply for the gratification of the mind or the senses. It is not knowledge for the sake of knowledge or science for the value of sake. Knowledge accordingly must be linked with values and goals. One of the purposes of acquiring knowledge is to gain the good of this world, not to destroy it through wastage, arrogance and in the reckless pursuit of higher standards of material comfort.

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