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The Choice to Return to Work after the Birth of the Child or Not

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Многие женщины сегодня сталкиваются с выбором, с которым их матерям никогда не приходилось сталкиваться. Один из этих вариантов – вернуться к работе после рождения ребенка или нет. Это было практически неслыханным делом в 1950-х годах. В 1990-х годах вопрос не в том, вернется ли мать на работу или нет, а в том, когда. Когда выбор стал очевидным? Почему сегодняшним матерям приходится работать вне дома, а не работать дома, как это делали их матери?

Когда думаешь о работающих матерях, на ум приходит множество разных мнений. Что будет с ребенком, будет ли у матери достаточно времени, чтобы сблизиться с ним, как будут разделены домашние дела и так далее. Когда думаешь о работающих женщинах, на ум приходят две модели. Одна из них – это оплачиваемая занятость, которая имеет защитный и благотворный посреднический эффект. Работа защищает женщин от определенных негативных аспектов того, что они являются постоянными домохозяйками и матерями, таких как монотонная работа по дому, зависимость от партнера-мужчины в плане финансовой и эмоциональной поддержки, повышает самооценку, поскольку они вносят свой вклад в мир, в котором живут. Эти женщины получают возобновление интереса к жизни, потому что они находятся в гуще событий. Они живут полной жизнью. Именно эту модель постоянно называют «плохой». потому что он рисует женщину так, как будто ее работа не волнует ребенка. Фактически, большинство из этих матерей сделали этот выбор с особой тщательностью. Они постоянно чувствуют то, о чем думают все, а это, в свою очередь, вызывает чрезмерный стресс у этих матерей.

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Другая модель работающей мамы – это та, о которой большинство людей думают, обсуждая работающих матерей. Эта модель представляет собой модель женщины, у которой слишком много требований к своей домохозяйке, матери и наемному работнику, что может привести к ролевому перенапряжению из-за усталости и ролевой перегрузки. Конкурирующие требования таких ролей также могут привести к конфликту и психологическому стрессу. Обе эти модели можно увидеть у работающей матери в любой момент времени. Это просто факт жизни, побочный продукт мира, в котором мы живем. Матери постоянно прыгают взад и вперед в этих ролях, стремясь обрести чувство равновесия.

But is there such a thing? Most of the time the scales are tipped one way or another, there is never a true sense of balance. I believe this is how the mothers survive. If the scales were balanced, it would seem that they would either be cruel heartless women, simply concerned with their jobs, and caring less about their children. This is simply not the case. It seems that the ideal situation is when the father helps around the house, as to alleviate some of the stress the mother feels from working and the ability for the mother to have a flexible schedule.

Role decisions within the family unit need to increase when the mother returns to work.

In order for both partners to be happy and feel fulfilled, there needs to be a clear definition of roles with in the family unit. This is something that should be discussed and decided well before the mother returns to work. In making role decisions, the parents must somehow combine their perceptions of the rewards and costs associated with each role in order to determine which combination of roles will provide them with the best role position. In other words, they need to figure out what they can do best for the family when they both parents work. If this is accomplished, the family will function better as a unit, and stress will be alleviated for all.

Another set back that is constantly facing working mothers is that their work is looked upon as optional, it is also viewed as less important than their partner’s. When these attitudes are confronted, it makes the transition for the working mother all the more difficult. The constant backlash from the public makes these mothers feel so guilty that some may even quit just to alleviate the stress. In order for working mothers to feel needed, and to have their work mean something, others need to look upon their work as something substantial, something important, not simply an option. When workplaces provide flexible scheduling and childcare services, these are the first steps in getting working mothers into the workforce and alleviate their feelings of guilt.

Many working mothers today are facing the reality of the “second shift”. This is where they put in a full day of work at the office only to come home to start their “second shift”, the one that entails all the housework and the raising of the family.

Mothers feel that they have no choice in the matter, in order to be the “perfect” mother, they need to put in this shift, because it is their responsibility. But why is it their responsibility? Why does the father feel it is his right to come home and relax, when the mother is busy fixing dinner, and disciplining children? In order for the working mother to keep her sanity, the father needs to jump in and help with the chores that were previously held by the homemaker. In this day and age, the ideal homemaker is a thing of the past. Many women today want and desire careers and a place in this world. They want to stand on their own two feet, to become a self-sustaining individual, free of dependence on another individual.

When the mother considers the idea of working and raising a family, many things need to be considered. The responsibilities need to be divided evenly so as to alleviate the stress that will evolve due to all the changes. For the working mothers, understanding is first and foremost needed in order for the psychological well being. They need to feel that their work is important, and necessary, and that they are not sacrificing their child’s well being in order to benefit themselves. The danger involved is that the mothers could feel so guilty in working that they feel that they are abandoning their child to the caregivers that they are in contact with daily. The mothers need a support system in order to survive the roller coaster involved when they go back to work. If all these factors are taken into consideration, the transition to working mom will be that much easier for the entire family and the child will not suffer.

 

Cite this The Choice to Return to Work after the Birth of the Child or Not

The Choice to Return to Work after the Birth of the Child or Not. (2018, Jun 29). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/the-second-shift-essay/

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