Time Management Theories and Techniques

Table of Content

Time management is an approach to adjust your long stretches of rest, work and relaxation. Regardless of whether you understand it or not, you’re continually setting aside a few minutes management choices. Consistently, you choose when to snooze, go to class, study, go to the library, go to the exercise center or visit on the web. Furthermore, these choices assume a job in your own time management techniques.


The POSEC strategy for individual time management is one of the mainstream techniques for time management procedures you can apply in your life. POSEC stands for ‘Prioritizing by Organizing, Streamlining, Economizing and Contributing.’

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Prioritizing – intends to put first thing first. That is what’s most significant down to the least significant. This is about how you utilize your time with your assignments in connection to your objectives. It is inexactly based around the hypothesis of Abraham Maslow in regards to the ‘hierarchy of needs.’ It gives you a practical device for setting your needs as they relate to your own one of a kind needs and objectives throughout everyday life.

The second piece of the POSEC technique for time management is ‘Organizing.’ The manner in which you arrange includes making your arrangement to take a shot at objectives that will enable you to feel progressively steady and verify. This includes the things you should do routinely so you will in the long run succeed.

You should realize this is an arrangement for gathering your most essential needs, for example, sustenance, dress, safe house and wellbeing. This ought to incorporate acknowledgment and love of other individuals.

About the Things that You Do

The third piece of the strategy is ‘Streamlining’ which is about the things you dislike to do but rather you should do some way or another.

Streamlining applies to those ‘filthy’ little occupations, for example, work and tasks which are significant for having the option to live appropriately. It includes your overseeing and upkeep of your own strength and security. The fourth piece of the POSEC strategy for time the board is ‘Economizing’ which alludes to the things that ought to be done or things that are pleasant. This incorporates exercises like hobbies and mingling exercises.

They might be fun and engaging however they’re not earnest, for example, submitting provides details regarding due dates. These are the ones that ought to be the least on your needs of undertakings. The last and fifth piece of the technique for POSEC is ‘Contributing.’ Contributing is about your social commitments. What you offer back to the world. This includes giving or focusing on the few residual things that makes a distinction. As per Maslow’s comprehension of the human mind this turns out to be increasingly doable when your different objectives are accomplished.

Deeper Purpose of POSEC Method

This strategy for time management offers you a reasonable direction for helping with prioritizing your objectives throughout everyday life. In theory, this strategy ought to support development upward on the ‘hierarchy’ graphs. This technique was made deliberately of structure your own productivity and for better adequacy of a group cooperating. Likewise, this strategy gives rules for helping the management set their worker’s objectives arranged by hugeness so they can improve. Be that as it may, right use and execution of this technique decides the correct result.

The POSEC technique for time management can be characterized by and large as an approach to separate your primary objectives into littler undertakings and minor objectives. This makes it simpler to deal with one minor objective after another until the significant objectives are at last practiced.

Other favorable circumstances of this individual time management strategy are that it additionally gives you some prioritization of your social commitments and pastime exercises beside your emphasis on prioritizing errands at your work environment. Nonetheless, a few people would lean toward basically centering a lot of their needs at work however work-life parity ought not be overlooked. Maslow’s theories are highly identified with this strategy for individual time management and it is useful if the individual applying this technique knows about his exploration in regards to ‘the Hierarchy of Needs.’

The Eisenhower Box

What is the Eisenhower Matrix?

The Eisenhower Matrix, likewise alluded to as Urgent-Important Matrix, encourages you settle on and organize work by necessity and significance, dealing with less urgent and important works which you ought to either designate or not do by any means

Where does the name come from?

Dwight D. Eisenhower was the 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961. Prior to getting to be the President, he filled in as a general in the US military and as the Allied Forces Supreme Commander on World War II. He likewise later turned into first supreme commander of NATO.

Dwight needed to settle on intense choices persistently about which of the numerous work he should concentrate on every day. This at last drove him to design the world-acclaimed Eisenhower standard, which today causes us organize by direness and significance.

How to use the Eisenhower Matrix?

Organizing works by necessity and significance brings about 4 quadrants with various work systems:
We call the first quadrant Do first as its tasks are significant for your life and profession and should be done today or tomorrow at the most recent. You could utilize a clock to enable you to think while attempting to complete how much of them as could be expected. A case of this kind of undertaking could be to survey a significant report for your administrator. The second quadrant we call Schedule. Its undertakings are significant however less dire. You should rundown undertakings you have to place in your schedule here. A case of that could be a since quite a while ago arranged restart of your exercise center movement.

Expert time chiefs leave less things spontaneous and along these lines attempt to oversee the vast majority of their work in the subsequent quadrant, decreasing worry by ending pressing and essential to-dos to a sensible date sooner rather than later at whatever point another undertaking comes in.

The third quadrant is for those errands you could appoint as they are less essential to you than others yet at the same time entirely pressing. You should monitor assigned errands by email, phone or inside a gathering to inquire on their advancement later.
A case of an appointed assignment could be someone considering you to request a dire support or solicitation that you venture into a gathering. You could appoint this obligation by recommending a superior individual for the activity or by giving the guest the fundamental data to have him manage the issue himself. The fourth and last quadrant is called Don’t Do on the grounds that it is there to enable you to deal with things you ought not be doing by any means.

Find and stop unfortunate propensities, such as surfing the web without a reason or gaming excessively long, these give you a reason for not having the option to manage significant assignments in the first and second quadrant.

5 management tips when working with the Eisenhower Matrix:

  1. Putting activities on a rundown liberates your brain. Be that as it may, consistently question what merits doing first.
  2. Try constraining yourself to close to eight assignments for each quadrant. Before including another, total the most significant one first.
  3. Keep in mind: It isn’t tied in with gathering however completing assignments.
  4. You ought to consistently keep up just one rundown for both business and private errands. That way you will always be unable to gripe about not having done anything for your family or yourself by the day’s end.
  5. Do not let you or others occupy you. Try not to give others a chance to characterize your need. Plan in the first part of the day, at that point take a shot at your stuff. What’s more, at last, appreciate the sentiment of consummation.
  6. Finally, make an effort not to tarry that much. Not even by over-dealing with your to-dos.


Time Management is the reasoning expertise that encourages kids to organize assignments and precisely judge the measure of time expected to finish them. It encourages them complete exercises in a timely manner, and figure out how to oversee and adhere to a timetable. Time Management regularly includes kids checking their very own endeavors and activities, having a fitting feeling of criticalness to finish assignments, and being able to effectively pursue well-ordered techniques.
At home, great Time Management aptitudes help children to finish family obligations or errands in a timely manner, and prepare and out the entryway on time toward the beginning of the day. Kids with poor Time Management aptitudes might be known for regularly missing the transport, hesitating with regards to schoolwork, and expecting to race through their schoolwork and keep awake until late to finish assignments.

From perceiving the requirement for studying, to having a decent feeling of to what extent assignments may take and having the option to organize exercises, Time Management assumes a noteworthy job in scholastic achievement. Peruse on for some basic instances of how Time Management impacts understudy execution in perusing, composing and math.

Why Time Management is Important in the Classroom

Time Management abilities help children to leave sufficient opportunity to finish a perusing task, or to perceive when they may need time to rehash complex material.
Prioritizing data and barring immaterial data is a piece of dealing with one’s time and way to deal with undertakings.
Time Management enables children to build up a number sense as it identifies with the measure of time and exertion, they may requirement for scholastic errands.
Time Management enables children to use their time successfully while arranging thoughts and creating a composed item.
Time Management abilities are basic for checking the measure of time expected to deliver composed reactions for test and test questions


1. Eliminate distractions

Dispose of whatever occupies you and enables you to dawdle from your work. While you are examining or composing, turn off your telephone’s ringtones and vibrations and placed it in a cabinet where you won’t be enticed to answer calls and messages. Enable yourself to check your telephone just once every hour. Get off Facebook, Messenger, Youtube and different diversions. Spare them for when you are unwinding.

2. Be focused at the task at hand

Have you at any point been so engaged and given to what you are doing that time appears to have flown by? This psychological state is called ‘stream’ – when you are totally inundated and associated with a movement. Stream really makes you feel empowered and persuaded and builds happiness regarding the movement (also being super-gainful). To accomplish stream, discover a test, build up your abilities, take out diversions, put aside sufficient opportunity, set clear objectives and spotlight totally on the job needing to be done.

3. Use a calendar

A calendar is a great way to plan your day. It’ll be an easier way to schedule your appointments and remember your obligations. It can also help you to study in blocks and devote time to different subjects. Set up a calendar on your phone or computer and ensure you stick to it. Factor in extra time in case an activity takes longer than expected.

4. Use a checklist

An agenda is an incredible method to guarantee you keep focused, by posting your assignments and confirming them individually once finished. It likewise gives you a feeling of achievement to tick off assignments when finished.

5. Get organized

When you have your schedule and agenda set up, you ought to be well on your approach to being better composed. Being sorted out will spare you a great deal of time and enable you to apportion and deal with your time better. Set up straightforward frameworks, for example, archive documenting.

6. Schedule rewards

You have to treat yourself when you make the best choice. Remove a couple of minutes from consistently to enjoy a reprieve and accomplish something you appreciate, as take a walk or watch some TV. The break will likewise enable your cerebrum to unwind and be progressively beneficial when you return. Be that as it may, whatever you do, ensure you don’t enjoy until you have finished your assignments.

7. Get a good night’s sleep

A decent night’s rest is fundamental to ensure your body and brain is refreshed and crisp for the following day. It will be very difficult to think if u you didn’t get 7 to 8 hours of rest in the prior night. Pulling a dusk ’til dawn affair examining is less gainful then steady study. Deal with your time better by incorporating rest in the timetable.


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