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VisualArts Terms and The Natural World

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    According to the author, one way to begin looking at art is to consider broad areas of meaning reflected in the art of many cultures throughout history. These areas of meaning are known as:
    Themes
    Which of the following is an example of a theme in art?
    The Natural World
    In the painting White Clouds over Xiao and Xiang by Wang Jian,
    The painter’s inscription situates him in a centuries-old tradition of painterly and poetic meditations
    Which of the following was designed as a place of worship or meditation?
    Both Sainte-Chapelle and the Great Mosque at Córdoba
    Iconoclasm means the ________ of images based on religious beliefs.
    Destruction
    Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the South are similar in all these ways EXCEPT:
    They share the same iconography
    Whereas the Christian image by Cimabue depicts the central figure surrounded by angels, the Buddhist image in this chapter shows the central figure surrounded by enlightened beings known as:
    Bodhisattvas
    The Egyptians imagined the ________ as resembling earthly life in every detail
    Afterlife
    Pablo Picasso’s Guernica was a protest against
    The bombing of a civilian population
    Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for:
    The Spanish Pavilion of the Paris World’s Fair
    The subject matter of Edward Hopper’s Gas
    Depict aspects of everyday life
    The range of this artist’s work makes him difficult to categorize. In addition to paintings, prints, and combination pieces, he has done extensive set and costume design for Merce Cunningham and others, as well as graphic design for magazines and books.
    Robert Rauschenberg
    Jeff Wall’s A Sudden Gust of Wind (after Hokusai) is a ________ that refers to a ________.
    Photograph; print
    Eugene Delacroix’ painting, Liberty Leading the People, was created in support of:
    The Revolution of 1830
    The ________ often created equestrian statues of their emperors and one of the finest examples features a bearded Marcus Aurelius:
    Romans
    One of the most delightfully eccentric figures in the history of art is the Japanese painter and woodcut designer known as:
    Hokusai
    Meta Warrick Fuller’s poignant sculpture draws upon the_________ to create __________.
    History of slavery; Talking Skull
    The best-known work of the bizarrely inventive Hieronymus Bosch is
    The Garden of Earthly Delights
    Although this artist survived a devastating streetcar accident, she suffered crippling pain for the remainder of her life. She often painted self-portraits as though to affirm that she still existed:
    Frida Kahlo
    Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because:
    His work had a major influence on subsequent artists
    There are a limited number of his paintings
    He plays a large role in Western art history
    His paintings allow the viewer to feel with the artist himself
    When discussing the size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
    Form
    During the Renaissance in Western Europe, ________ came to be regarded as the more elevated of the arts:
    painting, sculpture, and architecture
    What are the tasks of artists?
    1. They create places for human experience
    2. extraordinary versions of ordinary objects,
    3. record and commemorate,
    4. give tangible form to the unknown,
    5. give tangible form to feelings and ideas
    6. refresh our vision to help us see the world in new ways.
    What term(s) describe artwork done by nonprofessionals?
    Brut (raw art),
    outsider art,
    folk art,
    naive art
    Philosophers determined that the pleasure of art was an intellectual pleasure and was perceived through:
    disinterested contemplation
    Bird in Space, Constantin Brancusi:
    Bird in Space, Constantin Brancusi:
    Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Maya Lin:
    Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Maya Lin:
    The Starry Night, Vincent van Gogh
    The Starry Night, Vincent van Gogh
    Vanitas, Juan de Valdés Leal
    Vanitas, Juan de Valdés Leal
    Wheel of Fortune (Vanitas), Audrey Flack
    Wheel of Fortune (Vanitas), Audrey Flack
    Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci
    Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci
    Pieta, Giovanni Bellini
    Pieta, Giovanni Bellini
    Seated Woman Holding a Fan, Pablo Picasso
    Seated Woman Holding a Fan, Pablo Picasso
    Melodious, Vasily Kandinsky
    Melodious, Vasily Kandinsky
    Guernica, Pablo Picasso
    Guernica, Pablo Picasso
    Self-Portrait with Monkeys, Frida Kahlo
    Self-Portrait with Monkeys, Frida Kahlo
    Spiral Jetty, Robert Smithson
    Spiral Jetty, Robert Smithson
    Vanitas
    Latin word for “vanity” refers to the fleeting. Nature of earthly life and happiness.
    Neolithic:
    of, relating to, or denoting the later part of the Stone Age, when ground or polished stone weapons and implements prevailed
    Aesthetics:
    Branch of philosophy dealing with feelings aroused by the sensory experiences of sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell.
    Megaliths:
    a large stone that forms a prehistoric monument (e.g., a menhir) or part of one (e.g., a stone circle or chamber tomb) “Stonehenge”
    Naturalistic Art:
    Naturalistic Art:
    A form of representational art that faithfully records light and shadow, color, and space. First communion, Pablo Picasso
    Stylized Art:
    Stylized Art:
    A form of representational art that conforms to a present style or convection. Ex: Harthor and Sety, Detail of pillar from tomb of Sety
    Abstract Art:
    Uses the appearances of the world only as starting point. Certain points are selected, then exaggerated.
    Seated Woman Holding a Fan, Pablo Picasso
    Disinterested contemplation:
    Refers to looking beyond the actual, partial, and personal in search of beauty and pleasure
    Trompe l’oeil:
    French for “fool the eye” lifelike art. House painter III, Duane Hanson
    Installation art:
    Work of art meant to be entered, explored, and experienced by the viewer.
    Theme
    is a broad idea or a message conveyed by a work, such as a performance, a painting, a motion picture, or a video game. This message is usually about life, society or human nature.
    Representational Art:
    Art that represents the visible world so that a likeness can be recognized. Ex: First communion, Pablo Picasso
    Content:
    What a work of art is about or its subject matter.
    Context:
    A work of art is closely associated to the life of its creator; the tradition it grows from and responds to; the audience it was made for; and the society in which it circulated.
    Iconography:
    Identifying, describing, and interpreting subject. Knowledge of a specific time, belief, or culture can help us understand meanings that might have been missed.
    Outsider Art:
    Work of artwork created by a nonprofessional artist. Ex: Throne of the Third Heaven of the Nations
    Pieta:
    a picture or sculpture of the Virgin Mary holding the dead body of Jesus Christ on her lap or in her arms.
    Know the social functions of art (What Do Artists Do?) from Chapter 1 and examples of each.
    Example: The Vietnam Veterans Memorial or Stonehenge “Creates a place for some human purpose”
    Example: Kente Cloth “Crete extraordinary versions of ordinary things”
    Example: Emperor Jahagir Resiving his Sons Khusrau”Record and commemorate”
    Example: Shiva as Lord of Dance “Give tangible form to unknown”
    Example: Starry Night “Give tangible form to feelings and ideas”
    Example: Torn Poster “Refresh our vision and help us to see the world in new ways
    Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because:
    His work had a major influence on subsequent artists
    There are a limited number of his paintings
    He plays a large role in Western art history
    His paintings allow the viewer to feel with the artist himself
    During the Renaissance these works were separated into a different category from craft and became known
    as the fine arts.
    painting, sculpture, architecture, music and poetry
    Iconoclasm
    The destroying of religious arts figures. ex: protestants destroying catholic church
    8 Themes of Art
    1) politics/social order
    2)stories/histories
    3)human experience
    4)invention/fantasy
    5)natural world
    6)art & art
    7)here and now
    8)sacred realms
    Eugene Delacroix liberty leading the people
    politics/social order – glorifies violence in service of democracy
    Pablo picasso: guernica
    politics/social order – protest against spanish civil war after germany bombed guernica
    Robert Rauschenberg – windward
    Here & Now – visual impact of life was too great for 1 picture. created collage of conceptually similar images
    Frida Kahlo self portrait with monkeys
    human experience. – Mexican with two pet monkeys and 2 wild ones. she painted only her own reality
    Johannes Vermeer: woman holding a balance
    human experience. meaning: shining pearls = temptation. mirror = self knowledge. pregnancy = renewal of life.
    Edward Hopper gas
    The here and now.
    Heironymus Bosch gardens of early delights
    Invention/fantasy
    Robert Smithson – spiral jetty
    Natural world
    Jeff Wall a sudden gust of wind
    Art & art. – Reflects Hokusai: “edgier in…province” with photographs depicting modern life.
    Cimabue madonna enthroned
    sacred realms
    Christian Boltanski – altar to chases high school
    stories/histories
    Sassetta St. Francis giving mantle to poor
    Stories/histories
    to help us see the world in the same way they see it
    Which is NOT a task for artist according to the text
    what is means to the viewer
    According to the author the most important meaning of an artwork is
    movement, expressiveness, technology, humor
    tim harkinson’s work of art, incorperates
    Vietman Veterans Memorial
    The most famous of Maya Lin’s works is
    art collectors
    Dorothy and Herbert Vogel are
    Paleolithic Period
    Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
    Stonehenge
    the most famous Neolithic structure in England, made of megaliths that once formed several concentric circles, is called
    learn language
    no society that we know for has lived without some form of art. the impulse to make and respoend to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the abilty to
    simple, timeless and pure
    the sculptor Constantin Brancusi spint his life searching for forms that were
    animal fats and pigments mixed together, the use of reed brushes, and the pwder pigment blown through hollow reeds
    Which are methods used by prehistoric painters
    to become aware of the process of looking itself
    the nature of perception suggest that the most important key to looking at art is
    Audrey Flack
    Wheel of Fortune was created by
    the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness
    Vanitas paintings meditate on
    Iconography
    involves identifying, describing, and interpreting subjsect matter in art
    middle ages
    during the _______________the term “art” ws used roughly in the same sense as “craft”
    naturalistic
    if a work of art is faithful to our visual experience. its style is
    installation
    Ann Hamilton’s Mantle is an example of
    the portrait was almost miraculously lifelike
    according to the author, Leonardo da Vinci MOna Lisa dazzled his contemporarient because
    his work had a major infulence on the subsequent artist
    there are a limited numberl of his paintings
    he plays a roll in western art history
    his paintings allow the viewer to feel a connection with teh artist himself
    Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because
    form
    when discussing the size, shape, material, color, and compostiion of a work of art we are discussing its
    both are norepresentational is style
    Rebecca Purdum’s chin up and KAndinsky’s swinging have what in common
    the artist and the audience
    our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
    iconography
    to discover why the sculptor of the AMida Nyorai depicts the subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures and a bun atop his head requires the use of
    Claude MOnet
    Fisherman’s Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
    trompe l’oeil
    the term for extreme optical fidelity
    experts still debatet he work’s iconograpy
    after much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
    an earthwork
    Robert Smithson’s THe Spiral Jetty is an example of
    photograph; print
    Jeff Wall’s A sudden Gust of Wind is a _____that refers to a _________.
    they share the same iconography
    Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the south are similar in all these except
    Romans
    often created equestrian statues of the emperors
    a work of art may fall into more thn one theme
    according to the author, can a work a art have more thatn one theme
    self-potrait
    artist Frida Kahlo is well known for her
    bodhisattvas
    whereas the christian image by Cimabue depicits the central figure surraounded by angels,t he buddhist image in this cha[ter shows central figure surrounded by
    afterlife
    the Egyptians imagined teh _____ as resembling earthly life in every detail.
    destruction
    Iconoclasm means the ____ of images based on the religious beliefs
    tombs
    the pyramids at Giza in Egypt were built as
    Sacred realm, politics and social order, stories and histories, the here and now, the human experience, invention and fantasy, art and nature, art and art
    themes of art
    values
    a blacka-nd -white photograph of a scene eleiminates the hues and intensities oft he scenes colors but captures the____of the colors
    line
    whicho f the visual elements can best be described as “the path of a moving point”
    the effects of light, the work of earlier restorers, changing levels of heat and humidity, pollution
    common issues facing those who work to conserve works of art
    at the exact center of the picture, justbe hind the headoft he figure Jesus, andt on the horizon line
    the vanishing point in Leonardo da vinci’s the Last Supper
    white
    in the additive process of mixing red light, greenl ight and blue light combine to produce ____light
    James Turrell
    Which artist uses light itself as teh main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence in the world
    repetition
    a necessary feature in pattern
    motion
    during the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art
    hatching
    Charles White Untitled illustrates the technique of
    secondary
    mixing two primary colors produces a ____color
    foreshortening
    in albercht durer’s woodcut The Draftsman Drawing a Reclining Nudethe, draftsmani s using a devicet o help him achieve the effects of
    seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of color’s effects upon the mind and body
    “Passive Pink” refers to the color that
    position and overlap
    the 18th century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and other watching musicians and the acrobats utilzes teh two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are
    conceptual
    rather that depend solely upon visual unity,artist will sometimes create____ unity by unifying the ideas is a work of art
    a square grid
    the ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create inages of the “correct” or “perfect” hman, as have many cultures both ancient aand modern. this set of proportions was created using
    a royal altar to the hand
    which workof art uses hierarchical scale
    the golden section
    the architect Le Corbusier designed the Modulor,a tool he used for calculating human proportions, based on
    size and placement of the figures
    directional linesof sightl eading to a focal point
    cantrasting values of dark skin against a pale background
    elimination of detail and bright colors in the background
    Henry Ossawa Tanner’s THe Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through
    Coosje van Bruggen
    _____collaborated with Cleas Oldenburg to create the sculpture Plantoir
    distributing visual weight accordingly
    in a two-deminional work witha summetrical balance, the appearance is achieved by
    formalist, Marxist, feminist, psychoanalytic
    Edouard MAnet’s A bar at the Folies-Bergere invites us to consider points of view in it subject and compostion. Interpertations of this painting include _____approaches
    proportional
    the use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as____scale
    encourage ou active participation in a work
    help communicate a works mood
    lead our eyes around a work
    help communicate a works menaing
    in art, the design principle of balance functions to
    symmetry
    the Thirteen-Deity JNanadakini Mandala uses_____to suggest that there is a hidden orderin the universe
    the nib
    what part of the pen convey the ink to the drawing surface
    pointillism
    the style used by Georges Seurat in Cafe’-concert is
    make the drawing easier to copy
    Edgar Degas drew a grid over his study of a dancer in order to
    picasso
    because this 20th century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of hisl ife, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work
    silk, papyrus, fired clay, cave walls
    _______is among the materials besides paper that have provided support for drawings
    pigment
    the coloring material in vertually al drawing media in known as
    science, engineering, art, math
    de VINci used drawings to explore in
    creates large scale drawings with enormous physical presence
    Raymond Pettibon
    chinese
    the _____are credited with the invention of paper around 5ce
    the use of differnet binders
    the difference inthe color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to
    metal point
    the predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the renaissance is
    wire
    the metalpoint, lines are drawn witha silver____onto a suface coated with preliminary coating of paint
    diego rivera
    Which 20th century atist panted the fresco mixtec culture
    cartoon
    in fresco paintings, a drawing called a _____is transfered to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment
    powder color
    what is pigmentin paint
    Jan van Eyck
    the first artist to understand and exploit oil painting was
    transperency
    watercolor’s primary characteristic is its
    an almost infinite range of consistency
    a subtle blending of colors
    the papplication of layers of paint on top of one another
    the painting to be reworked indefinitely
    one of the advantages of oil paintings is that is drives slowly. this allows for
    collages
    pisacco and braque, working side-by-side, glued bits of paper and other objects onto canvas to create
    Gouache
    _____is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it
    michelangelo and raphael
    pope jullius II employed with 2 itlaiian renaissance artist to paint fresco for him
    jacob lawrence
    considered oneof the leading figures in teh 20th century american art. the painter____studied as the harlem Art Workshop and wason e of many prominant artist to work for the WPA during the Great depression
    dissolves in something other than water
    a nonaqueous paint is one that
    primer
    afterb uilding canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of
    binder
    in oil painting, linseed oil acts as a
    wet plaster
    in buon fresco, or true fresco pigment ism ixed with water and applied to
    oil paint
    which of the followingis a example ofa nonaqueous medium
    acrylic
    by the 1950’s , this new paint would challenge oils as the principal painting medium
    encaustic and fresco
    2 ancient painting media that are still used today
    diego rivera
    the 20th century master of the fresco technique who created the work MIxtec Culture is
    No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse to make and respond to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the ability to
    reproduce
    Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
    the Paleolithic Period.
    “All art is basically Paleolithic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on stone” was said by
    Anthony Caro.
    The 10th-century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work of an artist performing the role of “giving tangible form to the unknown.” The unknown, in this case, is the physical form of the deity
    Shiva.
    Although Vincent van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible form in works such as
    The Starry Night.
    The sculptor Constantin Brancusi spent his life searching for forms that were
    all of these: simple, pure, and timeless.
    According to the author, the most important meaning of an artwork is
    what it means to the viewer.
    Wheel of Fortune was created by
    Audrey Flack.
    Theo van Gogh was Vincent van Gogh’s
    All these answers are correct.
    The oldest drawings and paintings found the Chavet cave:
    used natural pigments and charcoal.
    Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because
    All these answers are correct.
    During the ________ the term “art” was used roughly in the same sense as “craft.”
    Renaissance
    The field of philosophy called aesthetics asks the question
    All these answers are correct.
    Fisherman’s Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
    Claude Monet.
    What term describes work done by nonprofessionals?
    All these answers are correct.
    To discover why the sculptor of the Amida Nyorai depicted the subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures, and a bun atop his head requires the use of
    iconography.
    The term style is used to categorize a work of art by its
    visual characteristics.
    Our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
    the artist and the audience.
    During the 18th century, beauty and art were discussed together because both
    were felt to provide pleasure.
    ________ is the name for a standard subject in Christian art, that of Mary, the mother of Jesus, holding her son after he was taken down from the cross.
    Pietà
    If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience, its style is
    naturalistic
    When discussing the size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
    form
    During the Renaissance in Western Europe, ________ came to be regarded as the more elevated of the arts.
    painting, sculpture, and architecture
    After much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
    they still debate the work’s iconography.
    Context is a factor of ties that bind a work of art to the
    All these answers are correct.
    Ann Hamilton’s Mantle is an example of
    installation
    Andy Warhol’s images created from celebrities are portrayed through mass produced:
    multiple silkscreen images.
    Which statement is NOT true regarding James Hamilton’s Throne of the Third Heaven… body of work?
    The artist intended the work to be viewed by everyone as a message of redemption.
    Representational art with an approach to naturalism covers:
    All of these answers are correct.
    According to the author,
    a work of art may fall into more than one theme.
    Which of the following was designed as a place of worship or meditation?
    all of these: Sainte-Chapelle, the Great Mosque at Córdoba, and the Buddhas in Bamiyan, Afghanistan
    Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the South are similar in all these ways EXCEPT
    they share the same iconography.
    Whereas the Christian image by Cimabue depicts the central figure surrounded by angels, the Buddhist image in this chapter shows the central figure surrounded by
    bodhisattvas
    The pyramids at Giza in Egypt were built as
    tombs
    The subject matter of Edward Hopper’s Gas
    depict aspects of everyday life.
    ________ is the best-known work of the bizarrely inventive Hieronymus Bosch.
    The Garden of Earthly Delights
    The ________ often created equestrian statues of their emperors.
    Romans
    Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for
    the Spanish Pavilion of the Paris World’s Fair.
    Christian Boltanski draws upon the _______ to create his work _______.
    Holocaust; Altar to the Chases High School
    Nineteenth-century American painters employed the American landscape as a subject. One such artist was Thomas Cole who focused on an area of the Connecticut River to create
    The Oxbow.
    learn language
    No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse to make and respond to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the ability to
    Cirque de Soleil
    The famous Neolithic structure in England, made of megaliths that once formed several concentric circles, is called
    the Paleolithic Period.
    Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
    all of these: creating order and structure; exploring aesthetic possibilities; and constructing images and forms that carry meaning.
    According to the author, the impulse to create art comes from basic human interests in
    Anthony Caro
    “All art is basically Paleolithic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on stone” was said by
    the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
    The most famous of Maya Lin’s works is
    Shiva.
    The 10th-century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work of an artist performing the role of “giving tangible form to the unknown.” The unknown, in this case, is the physical form of the deity
    all of the above: a. to create places for some human purpose
    b. to create extraordinary versions of ordinary objects?
    c. to record and commemorate
    d. to give tangible form to the unknown
    Which are tasks for artists, according to the text?
    The Starry Night.
    Although Vincent van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible form in works such as
    a. sensitivity.
    c. playfulness.
    d. analytical skill.
    e. organizational skill.
    The list of traits that creative people seem to possess, given in this chapter, include all of the following
    all of the following:
    a. movement.
    b. expressiveness.
    c. technology.
    d. humor.
    Tim Hawkinson’s work of art, pictured in this chapter, incorporates
    all of these: simple, pure, and timeless.
    The sculptor Constantin Brancusi spent his life searching for forms that were
    to become aware of the process of looking itself.
    The nature of perception suggests that the most important key to looking at art is
    what it means to the viewer.
    According to the author, the most important meaning of an artwork is
    the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness.
    Vanitas paintings meditate on
    Audrey Flack
    Wheel of Fortune was created by
    all of these: animal fats and pigments mixed together, the use of reed brushes, and powdered pigments blown through hollow reeds
    Which are methods used by prehistoric painters?
    art collectors.
    Dorothy and Herbert Vogel are
    all of the following:
    a. art dealer.
    b. brother.
    c. financial supporter.
    d. emotional supporter.
    Theo van Gogh was Vincent van Gogh’s
    the many letters he wrote to friends and relatives.
    We owe our access to Vincent van Gogh’s thoughts and feelings about many of his paintings to
    Colors which appear oppisite each other on the color wheel are known as ___________.
    complementary
    __________ can best be described as the path traced by a moving point.
    line
    The term _____________ refers to the board on which artists mix colors or the artist’s range of color.
    palette
    The 18th century Indian painting Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are position and ___________.
    overlapping
    In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ___________ shapes.
    organic
    A black and white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensities of the scene’s colors, but captures the ______ of the colors.
    value
    In drawing, the outer boundaries of 2D forms are defined by________, while the outer boundaries perceived among 3D forms are defined by__________.
    outlines, contour lines
    In painting and drawing, artists often use the technique of ________ to describe the way shadows and light define the mass of forms.
    chiaroscuro
    The ______________ in Leonardo Da Vinci’s the Last Supper is at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesus, and on the horizon line.
    vanishing point
    During the 20th century, _______ became a recognized element of art.
    time and motion
    In the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light combine to produce ________ light.
    white
    Artists who use tiny dots in varying concentrations to indicate light and shadow are using the __________ drawing technique.
    stippling
    Textures we experience through the sense of touch are called actual texture or _______ textures.
    tactile
    _____________ describes the process of sunlight being broken up into a spectrum or rainbow band.
    refraction
    Parallel lines receding into the distance, in linear perspective, seem to converge at a vanishing point which is located on the ___________.
    horizon line
    The shapes we perceive as figures, we call ____________ shapes.
    positive
    ________________ relates to the visual information surrounding a shape that we detach and focus on.
    ground
    A hue darker that the hue’s normal value is called a ______.
    shade
    Any three color equally distant from each other on the color wheel form a_______ harmony.
    triadic
    In a 2D art form, the actual flat surface on which the work is executed is called the _________.
    picture plane
    Artists can portray ______ textures that are created to look like something other that a flat painted surface.
    visual
    Raphael’s The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a _____.
    triangle
    ___________ perceptive is the viewpoint from above and parallel lines do not converge in the distance.
    isometric
    A necessary feature of a pattern is _______.
    repetition
    A drawing using only lines or dots can indicate shadows.
    t
    Analogous color harmonies are those in which the colors are close to ones another on the color wheel.
    t
    A rainbow is the result of reflection of light from a still surface.
    f
    Foreshortening is the term fro the effect produced by applying the logic of linear perspective to every form that recedes into the distance, including people and animals.
    t
    Secondary colors cannot be mixed from primaries.
    f
    Atmospheric perspective is never used in Chinese paintings and drawings.
    f
    Texture can be either implied or actual.
    t
    Raphael’s the Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a circle.
    f
    Geometric shapes and masses look more natural than man made.
    f
    Lines are sometimes used in art to indicate direction and movement.
    t
    On the color wheel, yellow, red and blue are primary colors.
    t
    Many of the sculptures of Calder can be classified as kinetic.
    t
    The colors in a drawing or painting can be translated into values by black and white photography.
    t
    The term “atmospheric perspective” can best be applied to marble sculptures.
    f
    The “vanishing point” is the level at which paintings are hung on the wall.
    f
    Isometric perceptive is only used by architects.
    f
    Monochromatic harmonies are composed of any three colors equidistant from each other on the color wheel.
    f
    Mixing 2 primary colors produces a triad color.
    f
    Implied lines guide a viewer’s eyes around a work of art.
    t
    The common issue facing those who work to conserve works of art is: the effect of light, the work of earlier restorers, changing levels of heat and humidity, pollution.
    t
    Tint
    A color lighter that the hue’s normal value.
    Shade
    A color darker than the hue’s normal value.
    Pattern
    Any decorative, repetitive motif or design.
    Kinetic Art
    Art the incorporates real or apparent movement.
    Restricted Palette
    Limited to a few colors and their mixtures.
    Open Palette
    All colors are permitted to be used.
    Value
    The relative lightness or darkness of a hue, or of a neutral varying from white to black.
    Simultaneous Contrast
    The perceptual phenomenon whereby complementary colors appear most brilliant when side by side.
    Refraction
    The bending of a ray of light, for example, when it passes through a prism.
    Picture Plane
    The literal surface of a painting imagined as a window.
    Vanishing Point
    In linear perspective, the point on the horizon where parallel lines appear to converge
    Hue
    The “family name” of a color, independent of its particular value or saturation.
    Ground
    The information that is perceived as secondary in a 2D image.
    Figure
    In 2D images, the relationship between a shape we perceive as dominant.
    Palette
    The range of colors used by an artist, or a surface used for mixing paints.
    Foreshortening
    The visual phenomenon whereby an elongated object projecting toward or away from a viewer appear shorter than its actual length, as though compressed.
    Chiaroscuro
    Italian for “light-dark”. In 2D, non representational art, the technique of using values to record light and shadow, especially as they provide information about 3D form.
    Implied Lines
    Lines that do not exist, but the viewer perceives.
    Afterimage
    An image that persists after the visual stimulus that first produced it has ceased.
    Geometric
    Shapes and masses that approximate the regular, names shapes and volumes of geometry.
    Organic
    Shapes and masses that evoke the living forms of nature.
    Horizon Line
    A dividing line that delineates the ground from sky.
    Contour
    Gives us 3D shaping of an object.
    Outline
    Defines a 2D shape.
    Direction
    A line that guides the eyes.
    Movement
    The suggestion of motion in a work of art.
    Area
    The extent of space.
    Implied
    Doesn’t actually exist.
    Volume
    Mass or Quantity.
    Cross Hatching
    Single and Across lines (create values)
    Hatching
    Single lines (create values)
    Model
    Creating the illusion of a 3D object on a 2D surface by using highlights and shadows
    Implied Light
    2D light that doesn’t actually exist, it’s an illusion.
    Stippling
    Tiny dots (create values)
    Color Wheel
    The arrangement of colors in a circle.
    Cool Colors
    The colors on the blue-green side.
    Primary Colors
    Red, Yellow, Blue. Cannot be dividing into two or more colors. Base Colors.
    Secondary Colors
    Created by combining two primaries. Green, orange, purple.
    Tertiary Colors
    Creating by combing a primary and adjacent secondary. Ex. blue-green.
    Warm Colors
    The colors on the red-orange side.
    Analogous Color Harmony
    Three colors adjacent to one another.
    Complementary Color Harmony
    Two colors directly across from each other on the color wheel. (simultaneous contrast)
    Monochromatic Color Harmony
    One color plus shades/tints.
    Triadic Color Harmony
    Three colors equally spaced apart on the color wheel.
    Optical Color Mixture
    The viewer’s eyes will blend colors placed side by side.
    Pointillism
    Points of pure color applied to a support and allowing the viewer’s eyes to mix or blend those colors.
    Actual/Tactile Texture
    Textures we experience through the sense of touch.
    Visual Texture
    Textures that are created to look lie something other than a flat painted surface.
    Atmospheric Perspective
    Looking at broad, receding landscapes.
    Implied Space
    The illusion of depth on a 2D surface.
    Isometric Perspective
    Looking down from above.
    3D Space
    Visual depth.
    Linear Perspective
    Forms seem to get smaller as they recede from us. Parallel lines converge on the horizon line where they disappear.
    Overlapping
    To cover and extend beyond.
    Placement/Position
    Arrangement of objects.
    Seven Visual Elements
    Line
    Shape and Mass
    Pattern and Texture
    Light
    Color
    Time and Motion
    Space
    Three types of Directional Lines and What Movement they Suggest
    Horizontal-Passive, No Movement
    Vertical- Potential For Movement
    Diagonal- Movement
    Three Types of Perspective
    Linear
    Atmospheric
    Isometric
    Three Techniques for Creating Values using Linear Mode
    Hatching
    Cross-Hatching
    Stippling
    Two Ways to Create Depth without using a Form of Perspective
    Placement/Position
    Overlapping
    Four Color Harmonies
    Monochromatic
    Complementary
    Analogous
    Triadic
    Learn lang.
    No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse and respond of art appears to have the ability to.
    Paleothic Period
    Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans back to the.
    Anthony Caro
    All art is basically Paleothic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on.
    Shiva
    The 10th century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work on an artist performing the role of “giving tar unknown”. The unknown in this case physical form of the deity
    The Starry Night
    Although Vincent Van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible from.
    Audrey Flack
    The Wheel of Fortune was created by
    All of these
    Theo Van Gogh was Vincent Van Gogh’s
    All these answers are correct
    Van Gogh’s paintings are high of value because
    All these answers are correct
    The field of philosophy called aesthetics ask the question
    Claude Monet
    Fishermans Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
    All these answers are correct
    What term describes work by nonprofessionals
    Iconography
    To discover why the sculpture of the Amida Nyorai depicted the subject with elongated, specific hand gestures head requires the use of
    Visual characteristic
    The term style is used to categorize a work of art is
    The artist and audience
    Our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
    Were felt to provide pleasure
    During the 18th century, beauty and art were discussed together because both
    Pieta
    Is the name for a standard subject in Christan art, that of Mary, the mother of Jesus, holding her son after the cross
    Naturalistic
    If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience, it’s style is
    Form
    When discussing size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
    Painting, sculpture, and architecture
    During the Renaissance in Western Europe, ____ came to be regarded as the more elevated of arts.
    They still debate the works iconography
    After much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
    All these answers are correct
    Context is a factor that ties that bind a work of art to the
    Installation
    Ann Hamilton’s Mantle is an example of
    All these answers are correct
    Representational art with an approach to naturalism covers
    They share the same iconography
    Cimabues Madonna enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the transcendent Buddha of the south are similar in all these
    Bodhisattvas
    Whereas the Christan image by Cimabue depicts the central figure surrounded by angels, the Buddhist image in the central figure surrounded by
    Tombs
    The pyramids of Giza in Egypt where built as
    Romans
    The ____ often created equestrian statues of their emperors
    The Spanish pavilion Paris world fair
    Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for
    Line
    Which of the visual elements can best be described as ” the path of a moving point”?
    Motion
    During the 20th Century, which of the following became a recognized element of art
    All these answers are correct
    Lines are used in art to indicate
    Organic
    In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ___ shapes.
    Triangle
    Raphael’s The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a
    Position and over lap
    The 18th century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are
    Values
    A black and white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensifies of the scenes color
    Outlines, contour lines
    In drawing, the outer boundaries of two dimensional forms are defined by ____
    Chiaroscuro
    In painting and drawing, artists often use the the technique of___ to describe the way shadows and light define.
    Hatching
    Charles White’s Untitled illustrates the technique of
    James Turrell
    Which artist uses light itself as the main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence?
    White
    In the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light, combine to produce ____ light.
    Secondary
    Mixing two primary colors produces a _____ color.
    Seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of colors effects upon the mind and body
    “Passive pink” refers to the color that
    Repetition
    A necessary feature of pattern is
    All of these: at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesus
    The vanishing point in Leonardo de Vinic’s The Last Supper
    All these answers are correct
    One common issue facing those who work to conserve work of art is
    Foreshortening
    In Albrecht Durer’s woodcut The Draftman Drawing a Reclining Nude, the draftsman is using a device to help him
    The Rocky Mountains, Landers Peak by Albert Bierstadt
    The use of atmospheric perspective is a prominent aspect of which work?
    Visual
    Artist can portray ____ textures that are created to look like something often than a flat painted surface.
    Disturbing visual weight accordingly
    In a two dimensional work with asymmetrical balance, the appearance of balance is achieved by
    Conceptual
    Rather than depend solely upon visual unity, an artist will sometimes create ____ unity the ideas.
    Along the vertical axis down the center of the composition
    In a two dimensional work of art is balanced symmetrically, the implied center of gravity is:
    Symmetry
    The thirteen- diety Jnanadakini Mandala uses ____ to suggest that there is a hidden order to the universe.
    Conceptual unity
    Annette Messager’s Mes Voeux and Joseph Cornell’s The Hotel Eden both demonstrate the use of:
    Squared grid
    The ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create images of the “correct” or “perfect”
    Symmetrical balance
    Georgia O’Keeffe’s painting Deers Skull with Pedermal is a prime example of:
    Vanitas
    Pablo Picassos Girl before a mirror explores the traditional theme of:
    Order and authority
    Symmetrical balance, as used by Georgia O’Keeffe, expresses:
    Informal balance
    Another term for asymmetrical balance is
    All of these answers correct
    In art, the design principle of balance functions to:
    All of these answers correct
    Henry Ossawa Tanner The Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through:
    Scale
    Claes Oldenburg and Coosje Van Bruggen created shock value through use of:
    A royal altar to the hand
    Which word of art uses hierarchical scale?
    The circle and square
    The ancient Roman Architect Vitruvius associated the perfected male form with the perfect
    Hierarchical
    The use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as ____ scale.

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