1) A. Mitchell Palmer- Attorney General in 1920s; earned the title of the “fighting Quaker” by his excess of zeal in rounding up suspects of Red Scare; ultimately totaled about six thousand; This drive to root out radicals was redoubled in June 1919, when a bomb shattered his home 2) Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti- case regarded by liberals as “judicial lynching”. Sacco, a shoe-factory worker, and Vanzetti, a fish peddler, were convicted in 1921 of the murder of a Massachusetts paymaster and his guard; 3) Horace Kallen- believed in pluralism (preservation of identity) ; U.
S. should provide protective canopy for ethnic & racial groups 4) Randolph Bourne- This man was a “cultural pluralist” along with Horace Kallen.
He opposed the idea of immigration restriction 5)Al Capone- grasping and murderous booze distributor; known as “Scarface”; from Chicago; in 1925, he began six years of gang warfare that netted him millions of blood-splattered dollars; branded “Public Enemy Number One”; 6) John Dewey- was an American philosopher, psychologist, and educational reformer; one of the founders of the philosophical school of Pragmatism.
7) John T.
Scopes- a high school biology teacher who was indicted for teaching evolution in the “Monkey Trial” of 1925; defended by nationally known attorneys; clash between theology and biology proved inconclusive; found guilty and fined $100; Tennessee supreme court set fine aside on a technicality 8) William Jennings Bryan- an ardent Presbyterian Fundamentalist; joined the prosecution against John Scopes in the “Monkey Trial” of 1925; took the stand as an expert on the Bible, he was made to appear foolish by criminal lawyer Clarence Darrow; five days after trial, he died of a stroke, probably from heat and stress 9) Clarence Darrow- famed criminal lawyer; worked in “Monkey Trial”; made William Jennings Bryan appear foolish 10) Andrew Mellon- Treasury Secretary whose tax policies favored the rapid expansion of capital investment;
11) Bruce Barton- a prominent New York partner in a Madison Avenue firm; was a founder of advertising; in 1925, he published a best seller, The Man Nobody Knows, setting forth the provocative thesis that Jesus was the greatest adman of all time 12) George H. Ruth- Best known as “Babe” Ruth 3) Jack Dempsey- the slugging heavyweight champion, knocked out the dapper French light heavyweight, Georges Carpentier 14) Henry ford- He made assembly line production more efficient in his Rouge River plant near Detroit- a finished car would come out every 10 seconds. He helped to make car inexpensive so more Americans could buy them. 15) Frederick W. Taylor- a prominent inventor, engineer, and tennis player; sought to eliminate wasted motion; the motorcar industry owed much to the stopwatch efficiency techniques that he created; his epitaph reads “Father of Scientific Management” 16) Charles Lindbergh- Celebrity hero who was the first to fly solo across the Atlantic in a small single engine plane. He success gripped the public’s imagination. 17) D. W.
Griffiths- epic film The Birth of a Nation 1915 became controversial because of its depiction of the KKK activities as heroic and commendable 18) played a role in the resurgence of the KKK during the Progressive era 19) Margaret Sanger- a fiery feminist; she led the organized birth-control movement, openly championing the use of contraceptives 20) Sigmund Freud- a Viennese physician; justified the new sexual frankness in his writings; appeared to argue that sexual repression was responsible for a variety of nervous and emotional ills; thus not pleasure alone but also health demanded sexual gratification and liberation 21) “Jelly Roll” Morton- Creole pianist, composer, songwriter, and hustler from New Orleans. “First Jazz Composer. ” Recorded with the “Red Hot Peppers” in the mid 1920’s. 22) Langston Hughes- A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance who described the rich culture of african American life using rhythms influenced by jazz music. 3) Marcus Garvey- Asked for blacks to take pride in their heritage ;Rejected assimilation into white America; Creates the UNIA; Calls for Return to Africa movement
24) Edith Wharton- the cosmopolitan New Yorker who won a Pulitzer prize in 1921 for The Age of Innocence, a satirical novel on aristocratic society 25) Willa Cather- he 1920’s Virginia-born novelist known for her stark but sympathetic portrayals of pioneering on the prairies 26) H. L. Mencken- a patron saint of many young authors; the “Bad Boy of Baltimore”; had an acidic wit; wrote a monthly American Mercury, where he assailed marriage, patriotism, democracy, prohibition, Rotarians, and the middle-class American “booboisie” 27) F. Scott Fitzgerald- wrote This Side of Paradise and The Great Gatsby, both of which captured the society of the “Jazz Age,” including odd mix of glamour and the cruelty. 28) Ernest Hemingway- A Farewell to Arms (1929), he crafted one of the inest novels in any language about the war experience; a troubled soul, he finally blew out his brains with a shotgun blast in 1961
29) Sherwood Anderson- wrote Winesburg, Ohio describing small-town life in America. 30) Sinclair Lewis- disparaged small-town America in his Main Street and Babbitt. 31) Eugene O’Neill- the New York dramatist and Princeton dropout who wrote such plays as his 1928 Strange Interlude and won the Nobel Prize in 1936 32) Zora Neale Hurston- Black writer who wanted to save African American folklore. She traveled all across the South collecting folk tales, songs & prayers of Black southerners. Her book was called Mules and Men. 33) Claude McKay- A poet who was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance movement and wrote the poem “If We Must Die” after the Chicago riot of 1919. 4) William Faulkner- Writer who used imaginary place in Deep South called ‘Yoknapatawpha’. Wrote The Sound of Fury and As I Lay Dying and Absalom, Absalom! 35) Nativist- anti-foreign movement; large movement in 1850s; KKK seemed nativist
36) Cultural pluralism- Break down into identifiable racial groups. Organize around these groups. The existence of cultural pluralism does not mean politics is organized around ethnic lines. 37) Progressive education- pedagogical movement that began in the late nineteenth century, viewed as an alternative to test-oriented instruction All information was taken from the American Pageant History book and quizlet. com
Cite this Apush Terms “Fighting Quaker”
Apush Terms “Fighting Quaker”. (2016, Oct 19). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/apush-terms-ch-31/