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According to the author, one way to begin looking at art is to consider broad areas of meaning reflected in the art of many cultures throughout history. These areas of meaning are known as:
Themes
Which of the following is an example of a theme in art?
The Natural World
In the painting White Clouds over Xiao and Xiang by Wang Jian,
The painter’s inscription situates him in a centuries-old tradition of painterly and poetic meditations
Which of the following was designed as a place of worship or meditation?
Both Sainte-Chapelle and the Great Mosque at Córdoba
Iconoclasm means the ________ of images based on religious beliefs.

Destruction
Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the South are similar in all these ways EXCEPT:
They share the same iconography
Whereas the Christian image by Cimabue depicts the central figure surrounded by angels, the Buddhist image in this chapter shows the central figure surrounded by enlightened beings known as:
Bodhisattvas
The Egyptians imagined the ________ as resembling earthly life in every detail
Afterlife
Pablo Picasso’s Guernica was a protest against
The bombing of a civilian population
Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for:
The Spanish Pavilion of the Paris World’s Fair
The subject matter of Edward Hopper’s Gas
Depict aspects of everyday life
The range of this artist’s work makes him difficult to categorize.
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In addition to paintings, prints, and combination pieces, he has done extensive set and costume design for Merce Cunningham and others, as well as graphic design for magazines and books.

Robert Rauschenberg
Jeff Wall’s A Sudden Gust of Wind (after Hokusai) is a ________ that refers to a ________.
Photograph; print
Eugene Delacroix’ painting, Liberty Leading the People, was created in support of:
The Revolution of 1830
The ________ often created equestrian statues of their emperors and one of the finest examples features a bearded Marcus Aurelius:
Romans
One of the most delightfully eccentric figures in the history of art is the Japanese painter and woodcut designer known as:
Hokusai
Meta Warrick Fuller’s poignant sculpture draws upon the_________ to create __________.
History of slavery; Talking Skull
The best-known work of the bizarrely inventive Hieronymus Bosch is
The Garden of Earthly Delights
Although this artist survived a devastating streetcar accident, she suffered crippling pain for the remainder of her life. She often painted self-portraits as though to affirm that she still existed:
Frida Kahlo
Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because:
His work had a major influence on subsequent artists
There are a limited number of his paintings
He plays a large role in Western art history
His paintings allow the viewer to feel with the artist himself
When discussing the size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
Form
During the Renaissance in Western Europe, ________ came to be regarded as the more elevated of the arts:
painting, sculpture, and architecture
What are the tasks of artists?
1. They create places for human experience
2. extraordinary versions of ordinary objects,
3. record and commemorate,
4. give tangible form to the unknown,
5. give tangible form to feelings and ideas
6. refresh our vision to help us see the world in new ways.
What term(s) describe artwork done by nonprofessionals?
Brut (raw art),
outsider art,
folk art,
naive art
Philosophers determined that the pleasure of art was an intellectual pleasure and was perceived through:
disinterested contemplation
Bird in Space, Constantin Brancusi:
Bird in Space, Constantin Brancusi:
Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Maya Lin:
Vietnam Veterans Memorial, Maya Lin:
The Starry Night, Vincent van Gogh
The Starry Night, Vincent van Gogh
Vanitas, Juan de Valdés Leal
Vanitas, Juan de Valdés Leal
Wheel of Fortune (Vanitas), Audrey Flack
Wheel of Fortune (Vanitas), Audrey Flack
Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci
Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci
Pieta, Giovanni Bellini
Pieta, Giovanni Bellini
Seated Woman Holding a Fan, Pablo Picasso
Seated Woman Holding a Fan, Pablo Picasso
Melodious, Vasily Kandinsky
Melodious, Vasily Kandinsky
Guernica, Pablo Picasso
Guernica, Pablo Picasso
Self-Portrait with Monkeys, Frida Kahlo
Self-Portrait with Monkeys, Frida Kahlo
Spiral Jetty, Robert Smithson
Spiral Jetty, Robert Smithson
Vanitas
Latin word for “vanity” refers to the fleeting. Nature of earthly life and happiness.
Neolithic:
of, relating to, or denoting the later part of the Stone Age, when ground or polished stone weapons and implements prevailed
Aesthetics:
Branch of philosophy dealing with feelings aroused by the sensory experiences of sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell.
Megaliths:
a large stone that forms a prehistoric monument (e.g., a menhir) or part of one (e.g., a stone circle or chamber tomb) “Stonehenge”
Naturalistic Art:
Naturalistic Art:
A form of representational art that faithfully records light and shadow, color, and space. First communion, Pablo Picasso
Stylized Art:
Stylized Art:
A form of representational art that conforms to a present style or convection. Ex: Harthor and Sety, Detail of pillar from tomb of Sety
Abstract Art:
Uses the appearances of the world only as starting point. Certain points are selected, then exaggerated.
Seated Woman Holding a Fan, Pablo Picasso
Disinterested contemplation:
Refers to looking beyond the actual, partial, and personal in search of beauty and pleasure
Trompe l’oeil:
French for “fool the eye” lifelike art. House painter III, Duane Hanson
Installation art:
Work of art meant to be entered, explored, and experienced by the viewer.
Theme
is a broad idea or a message conveyed by a work, such as a performance, a painting, a motion picture, or a video game. This message is usually about life, society or human nature.
Representational Art:
Art that represents the visible world so that a likeness can be recognized. Ex: First communion, Pablo Picasso
Content:
What a work of art is about or its subject matter.
Context:
A work of art is closely associated to the life of its creator; the tradition it grows from and responds to; the audience it was made for; and the society in which it circulated.
Iconography:
Identifying, describing, and interpreting subject. Knowledge of a specific time, belief, or culture can help us understand meanings that might have been missed.
Outsider Art:
Work of artwork created by a nonprofessional artist. Ex: Throne of the Third Heaven of the Nations
Pieta:
a picture or sculpture of the Virgin Mary holding the dead body of Jesus Christ on her lap or in her arms.
Know the social functions of art (What Do Artists Do?) from Chapter 1 and examples of each.
Example: The Vietnam Veterans Memorial or Stonehenge “Creates a place for some human purpose”
Example: Kente Cloth “Crete extraordinary versions of ordinary things”
Example: Emperor Jahagir Resiving his Sons Khusrau”Record and commemorate”
Example: Shiva as Lord of Dance “Give tangible form to unknown”
Example: Starry Night “Give tangible form to feelings and ideas”
Example: Torn Poster “Refresh our vision and help us to see the world in new ways
Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because:
His work had a major influence on subsequent artists
There are a limited number of his paintings
He plays a large role in Western art history
His paintings allow the viewer to feel with the artist himself
During the Renaissance these works were separated into a different category from craft and became known
as the fine arts.
painting, sculpture, architecture, music and poetry
Iconoclasm
The destroying of religious arts figures. ex: protestants destroying catholic church
8 Themes of Art
1) politics/social order
2)stories/histories
3)human experience
4)invention/fantasy
5)natural world
6)art & art
7)here and now
8)sacred realms
Eugene Delacroix liberty leading the people
politics/social order – glorifies violence in service of democracy
Pablo picasso: guernica
politics/social order – protest against spanish civil war after germany bombed guernica
Robert Rauschenberg – windward
Here & Now – visual impact of life was too great for 1 picture. created collage of conceptually similar images
Frida Kahlo self portrait with monkeys
human experience. – Mexican with two pet monkeys and 2 wild ones. she painted only her own reality
Johannes Vermeer: woman holding a balance
human experience. meaning: shining pearls = temptation. mirror = self knowledge. pregnancy = renewal of life.
Edward Hopper gas
The here and now.
Heironymus Bosch gardens of early delights
Invention/fantasy
Robert Smithson – spiral jetty
Natural world
Jeff Wall a sudden gust of wind
Art & art. – Reflects Hokusai: “edgier in…province” with photographs depicting modern life.
Cimabue madonna enthroned
sacred realms
Christian Boltanski – altar to chases high school
stories/histories
Sassetta St. Francis giving mantle to poor
Stories/histories
to help us see the world in the same way they see it
Which is NOT a task for artist according to the text
what is means to the viewer
According to the author the most important meaning of an artwork is
movement, expressiveness, technology, humor
tim harkinson’s work of art, incorperates
Vietman Veterans Memorial
The most famous of Maya Lin’s works is
art collectors
Dorothy and Herbert Vogel are
Paleolithic Period
Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
Stonehenge
the most famous Neolithic structure in England, made of megaliths that once formed several concentric circles, is called
learn language
no society that we know for has lived without some form of art. the impulse to make and respoend to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the abilty to
simple, timeless and pure
the sculptor Constantin Brancusi spint his life searching for forms that were
animal fats and pigments mixed together, the use of reed brushes, and the pwder pigment blown through hollow reeds
Which are methods used by prehistoric painters
to become aware of the process of looking itself
the nature of perception suggest that the most important key to looking at art is
Audrey Flack
Wheel of Fortune was created by
the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness
Vanitas paintings meditate on
Iconography
involves identifying, describing, and interpreting subjsect matter in art
middle ages
during the _______________the term “art” ws used roughly in the same sense as “craft”
naturalistic
if a work of art is faithful to our visual experience. its style is
installation
Ann Hamilton’s Mantle is an example of
the portrait was almost miraculously lifelike
according to the author, Leonardo da Vinci MOna Lisa dazzled his contemporarient because
his work had a major infulence on the subsequent artist
there are a limited numberl of his paintings
he plays a roll in western art history
his paintings allow the viewer to feel a connection with teh artist himself
Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because
form
when discussing the size, shape, material, color, and compostiion of a work of art we are discussing its
both are norepresentational is style
Rebecca Purdum’s chin up and KAndinsky’s swinging have what in common
the artist and the audience
our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
iconography
to discover why the sculptor of the AMida Nyorai depicts the subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures and a bun atop his head requires the use of
Claude MOnet
Fisherman’s Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
trompe l’oeil
the term for extreme optical fidelity
experts still debatet he work’s iconograpy
after much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
an earthwork
Robert Smithson’s THe Spiral Jetty is an example of
photograph; print
Jeff Wall’s A sudden Gust of Wind is a _____that refers to a _________.
they share the same iconography
Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the south are similar in all these except
Romans
often created equestrian statues of the emperors
a work of art may fall into more thn one theme
according to the author, can a work a art have more thatn one theme
self-potrait
artist Frida Kahlo is well known for her
bodhisattvas
whereas the christian image by Cimabue depicits the central figure surraounded by angels,t he buddhist image in this cha[ter shows central figure surrounded by
afterlife
the Egyptians imagined teh _____ as resembling earthly life in every detail.
destruction
Iconoclasm means the ____ of images based on the religious beliefs
tombs
the pyramids at Giza in Egypt were built as
Sacred realm, politics and social order, stories and histories, the here and now, the human experience, invention and fantasy, art and nature, art and art
themes of art
values
a blacka-nd -white photograph of a scene eleiminates the hues and intensities oft he scenes colors but captures the____of the colors
line
whicho f the visual elements can best be described as “the path of a moving point”
the effects of light, the work of earlier restorers, changing levels of heat and humidity, pollution
common issues facing those who work to conserve works of art
at the exact center of the picture, justbe hind the headoft he figure Jesus, andt on the horizon line
the vanishing point in Leonardo da vinci’s the Last Supper
white
in the additive process of mixing red light, greenl ight and blue light combine to produce ____light
James Turrell
Which artist uses light itself as teh main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence in the world
repetition
a necessary feature in pattern
motion
during the 20th century, which of the following became a recognized element of art
hatching
Charles White Untitled illustrates the technique of
secondary
mixing two primary colors produces a ____color
foreshortening
in albercht durer’s woodcut The Draftsman Drawing a Reclining Nudethe, draftsmani s using a devicet o help him achieve the effects of
seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of color’s effects upon the mind and body
“Passive Pink” refers to the color that
position and overlap
the 18th century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and other watching musicians and the acrobats utilzes teh two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are
conceptual
rather that depend solely upon visual unity,artist will sometimes create____ unity by unifying the ideas is a work of art
a square grid
the ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create inages of the “correct” or “perfect” hman, as have many cultures both ancient aand modern. this set of proportions was created using
a royal altar to the hand
which workof art uses hierarchical scale
the golden section
the architect Le Corbusier designed the Modulor,a tool he used for calculating human proportions, based on
size and placement of the figures
directional linesof sightl eading to a focal point
cantrasting values of dark skin against a pale background
elimination of detail and bright colors in the background
Henry Ossawa Tanner’s THe Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through
Coosje van Bruggen
_____collaborated with Cleas Oldenburg to create the sculpture Plantoir
distributing visual weight accordingly
in a two-deminional work witha summetrical balance, the appearance is achieved by
formalist, Marxist, feminist, psychoanalytic
Edouard MAnet’s A bar at the Folies-Bergere invites us to consider points of view in it subject and compostion. Interpertations of this painting include _____approaches
proportional
the use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as____scale
encourage ou active participation in a work
help communicate a works mood
lead our eyes around a work
help communicate a works menaing
in art, the design principle of balance functions to
symmetry
the Thirteen-Deity JNanadakini Mandala uses_____to suggest that there is a hidden orderin the universe
the nib
what part of the pen convey the ink to the drawing surface
pointillism
the style used by Georges Seurat in Cafe’-concert is
make the drawing easier to copy
Edgar Degas drew a grid over his study of a dancer in order to
picasso
because this 20th century artist dated most of his drawings over the course of hisl ife, we have nearly a complete visual record of his mind at work
silk, papyrus, fired clay, cave walls
_______is among the materials besides paper that have provided support for drawings
pigment
the coloring material in vertually al drawing media in known as
science, engineering, art, math
de VINci used drawings to explore in
creates large scale drawings with enormous physical presence
Raymond Pettibon
chinese
the _____are credited with the invention of paper around 5ce
the use of differnet binders
the difference inthe color and consistency of different types of crayons and pastels is due to
metal point
the predecessor of the graphite pencil, especially popular during the renaissance is
wire
the metalpoint, lines are drawn witha silver____onto a suface coated with preliminary coating of paint
diego rivera
Which 20th century atist panted the fresco mixtec culture
cartoon
in fresco paintings, a drawing called a _____is transfered to the prepared surface prior to applying the pigment
powder color
what is pigmentin paint
Jan van Eyck
the first artist to understand and exploit oil painting was
transperency
watercolor’s primary characteristic is its
an almost infinite range of consistency
a subtle blending of colors
the papplication of layers of paint on top of one another
the painting to be reworked indefinitely
one of the advantages of oil paintings is that is drives slowly. this allows for
collages
pisacco and braque, working side-by-side, glued bits of paper and other objects onto canvas to create
Gouache
_____is watercolor that has been made opaque by adding inert white pigment to it
michelangelo and raphael
pope jullius II employed with 2 itlaiian renaissance artist to paint fresco for him
jacob lawrence
considered oneof the leading figures in teh 20th century american art. the painter____studied as the harlem Art Workshop and wason e of many prominant artist to work for the WPA during the Great depression
dissolves in something other than water
a nonaqueous paint is one that
primer
afterb uilding canvas and before painting it, a painter generally applies a coat of
binder
in oil painting, linseed oil acts as a
wet plaster
in buon fresco, or true fresco pigment ism ixed with water and applied to
oil paint
which of the followingis a example ofa nonaqueous medium
acrylic
by the 1950’s , this new paint would challenge oils as the principal painting medium
encaustic and fresco
2 ancient painting media that are still used today
diego rivera
the 20th century master of the fresco technique who created the work MIxtec Culture is
No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse to make and respond to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the ability to
reproduce
Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
the Paleolithic Period.
“All art is basically Paleolithic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on stone” was said by
Anthony Caro.
The 10th-century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work of an artist performing the role of “giving tangible form to the unknown.” The unknown, in this case, is the physical form of the deity
Shiva.
Although Vincent van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible form in works such as
The Starry Night.
The sculptor Constantin Brancusi spent his life searching for forms that were
all of these: simple, pure, and timeless.
According to the author, the most important meaning of an artwork is
what it means to the viewer.
Wheel of Fortune was created by
Audrey Flack.
Theo van Gogh was Vincent van Gogh’s
All these answers are correct.
The oldest drawings and paintings found the Chavet cave:
used natural pigments and charcoal.
Van Gogh’s paintings are of high value because
All these answers are correct.
During the ________ the term “art” was used roughly in the same sense as “craft.”
Renaissance
The field of philosophy called aesthetics asks the question
All these answers are correct.
Fisherman’s Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
Claude Monet.
What term describes work done by nonprofessionals?
All these answers are correct.
To discover why the sculptor of the Amida Nyorai depicted the subject with elongated earlobes, specific hand gestures, and a bun atop his head requires the use of
iconography.
The term style is used to categorize a work of art by its
visual characteristics.
Our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
the artist and the audience.
During the 18th century, beauty and art were discussed together because both
were felt to provide pleasure.
________ is the name for a standard subject in Christian art, that of Mary, the mother of Jesus, holding her son after he was taken down from the cross.
Pietà
If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience, its style is
naturalistic
When discussing the size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
form
During the Renaissance in Western Europe, ________ came to be regarded as the more elevated of the arts.
painting, sculpture, and architecture
After much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
they still debate the work’s iconography.
Context is a factor of ties that bind a work of art to the
All these answers are correct.
Ann Hamilton’s Mantle is an example of
installation
Andy Warhol’s images created from celebrities are portrayed through mass produced:
multiple silkscreen images.
Which statement is NOT true regarding James Hamilton’s Throne of the Third Heaven… body of work?
The artist intended the work to be viewed by everyone as a message of redemption.
Representational art with an approach to naturalism covers:
All of these answers are correct.
According to the author,
a work of art may fall into more than one theme.
Which of the following was designed as a place of worship or meditation?
all of these: Sainte-Chapelle, the Great Mosque at Córdoba, and the Buddhas in Bamiyan, Afghanistan
Cimabue’s Madonna Enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the Transcendent Buddha of the South are similar in all these ways EXCEPT
they share the same iconography.
Whereas the Christian image by Cimabue depicts the central figure surrounded by angels, the Buddhist image in this chapter shows the central figure surrounded by
bodhisattvas
The pyramids at Giza in Egypt were built as
tombs
The subject matter of Edward Hopper’s Gas
depict aspects of everyday life.
________ is the best-known work of the bizarrely inventive Hieronymus Bosch.
The Garden of Earthly Delights
The ________ often created equestrian statues of their emperors.
Romans
Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for
the Spanish Pavilion of the Paris World’s Fair.
Christian Boltanski draws upon the _______ to create his work _______.
Holocaust; Altar to the Chases High School
Nineteenth-century American painters employed the American landscape as a subject. One such artist was Thomas Cole who focused on an area of the Connecticut River to create
The Oxbow.
learn language
No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse to make and respond to art appears to be as deeply ingrained as the ability to
Cirque de Soleil
The famous Neolithic structure in England, made of megaliths that once formed several concentric circles, is called
the Paleolithic Period.
Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans date back to
all of these: creating order and structure; exploring aesthetic possibilities; and constructing images and forms that carry meaning.
According to the author, the impulse to create art comes from basic human interests in
Anthony Caro
“All art is basically Paleolithic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on stone” was said by
the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
The most famous of Maya Lin’s works is
Shiva.
The 10th-century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work of an artist performing the role of “giving tangible form to the unknown.” The unknown, in this case, is the physical form of the deity
all of the above: a. to create places for some human purpose
b. to create extraordinary versions of ordinary objects?
c. to record and commemorate
d. to give tangible form to the unknown
Which are tasks for artists, according to the text?
The Starry Night.
Although Vincent van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible form in works such as
a. sensitivity.
c. playfulness.
d. analytical skill.
e. organizational skill.
The list of traits that creative people seem to possess, given in this chapter, include all of the following
all of the following:
a. movement.
b. expressiveness.
c. technology.
d. humor.
Tim Hawkinson’s work of art, pictured in this chapter, incorporates
all of these: simple, pure, and timeless.
The sculptor Constantin Brancusi spent his life searching for forms that were
to become aware of the process of looking itself.
The nature of perception suggests that the most important key to looking at art is
what it means to the viewer.
According to the author, the most important meaning of an artwork is
the fleeting nature of earthly life and happiness.
Vanitas paintings meditate on
Audrey Flack
Wheel of Fortune was created by
all of these: animal fats and pigments mixed together, the use of reed brushes, and powdered pigments blown through hollow reeds
Which are methods used by prehistoric painters?
art collectors.
Dorothy and Herbert Vogel are
all of the following:
a. art dealer.
b. brother.
c. financial supporter.
d. emotional supporter.
Theo van Gogh was Vincent van Gogh’s
the many letters he wrote to friends and relatives.
We owe our access to Vincent van Gogh’s thoughts and feelings about many of his paintings to
Colors which appear oppisite each other on the color wheel are known as ___________.
complementary
__________ can best be described as the path traced by a moving point.
line
The term _____________ refers to the board on which artists mix colors or the artist’s range of color.
palette
The 18th century Indian painting Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the two most basic visual cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are position and ___________.
overlapping
In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ___________ shapes.
organic
A black and white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensities of the scene’s colors, but captures the ______ of the colors.
value
In drawing, the outer boundaries of 2D forms are defined by________, while the outer boundaries perceived among 3D forms are defined by__________.
outlines, contour lines
In painting and drawing, artists often use the technique of ________ to describe the way shadows and light define the mass of forms.
chiaroscuro
The ______________ in Leonardo Da Vinci’s the Last Supper is at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesus, and on the horizon line.
vanishing point
During the 20th century, _______ became a recognized element of art.
time and motion
In the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light combine to produce ________ light.
white
Artists who use tiny dots in varying concentrations to indicate light and shadow are using the __________ drawing technique.
stippling
Textures we experience through the sense of touch are called actual texture or _______ textures.
tactile
_____________ describes the process of sunlight being broken up into a spectrum or rainbow band.
refraction
Parallel lines receding into the distance, in linear perspective, seem to converge at a vanishing point which is located on the ___________.
horizon line
The shapes we perceive as figures, we call ____________ shapes.
positive
________________ relates to the visual information surrounding a shape that we detach and focus on.
ground
A hue darker that the hue’s normal value is called a ______.
shade
Any three color equally distant from each other on the color wheel form a_______ harmony.
triadic
In a 2D art form, the actual flat surface on which the work is executed is called the _________.
picture plane
Artists can portray ______ textures that are created to look like something other that a flat painted surface.
visual
Raphael’s The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a _____.
triangle
___________ perceptive is the viewpoint from above and parallel lines do not converge in the distance.
isometric
A necessary feature of a pattern is _______.
repetition
A drawing using only lines or dots can indicate shadows.
t
Analogous color harmonies are those in which the colors are close to ones another on the color wheel.
t
A rainbow is the result of reflection of light from a still surface.
f
Foreshortening is the term fro the effect produced by applying the logic of linear perspective to every form that recedes into the distance, including people and animals.
t
Secondary colors cannot be mixed from primaries.
f
Atmospheric perspective is never used in Chinese paintings and drawings.
f
Texture can be either implied or actual.
t
Raphael’s the Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a circle.
f
Geometric shapes and masses look more natural than man made.
f
Lines are sometimes used in art to indicate direction and movement.
t
On the color wheel, yellow, red and blue are primary colors.
t
Many of the sculptures of Calder can be classified as kinetic.
t
The colors in a drawing or painting can be translated into values by black and white photography.
t
The term “atmospheric perspective” can best be applied to marble sculptures.
f
The “vanishing point” is the level at which paintings are hung on the wall.
f
Isometric perceptive is only used by architects.
f
Monochromatic harmonies are composed of any three colors equidistant from each other on the color wheel.
f
Mixing 2 primary colors produces a triad color.
f
Implied lines guide a viewer’s eyes around a work of art.
t
The common issue facing those who work to conserve works of art is: the effect of light, the work of earlier restorers, changing levels of heat and humidity, pollution.
t
Tint
A color lighter that the hue’s normal value.
Shade
A color darker than the hue’s normal value.
Pattern
Any decorative, repetitive motif or design.
Kinetic Art
Art the incorporates real or apparent movement.
Restricted Palette
Limited to a few colors and their mixtures.
Open Palette
All colors are permitted to be used.
Value
The relative lightness or darkness of a hue, or of a neutral varying from white to black.
Simultaneous Contrast
The perceptual phenomenon whereby complementary colors appear most brilliant when side by side.
Refraction
The bending of a ray of light, for example, when it passes through a prism.
Picture Plane
The literal surface of a painting imagined as a window.
Vanishing Point
In linear perspective, the point on the horizon where parallel lines appear to converge
Hue
The “family name” of a color, independent of its particular value or saturation.
Ground
The information that is perceived as secondary in a 2D image.
Figure
In 2D images, the relationship between a shape we perceive as dominant.
Palette
The range of colors used by an artist, or a surface used for mixing paints.
Foreshortening
The visual phenomenon whereby an elongated object projecting toward or away from a viewer appear shorter than its actual length, as though compressed.
Chiaroscuro
Italian for “light-dark”. In 2D, non representational art, the technique of using values to record light and shadow, especially as they provide information about 3D form.
Implied Lines
Lines that do not exist, but the viewer perceives.
Afterimage
An image that persists after the visual stimulus that first produced it has ceased.
Geometric
Shapes and masses that approximate the regular, names shapes and volumes of geometry.
Organic
Shapes and masses that evoke the living forms of nature.
Horizon Line
A dividing line that delineates the ground from sky.
Contour
Gives us 3D shaping of an object.
Outline
Defines a 2D shape.
Direction
A line that guides the eyes.
Movement
The suggestion of motion in a work of art.
Area
The extent of space.
Implied
Doesn’t actually exist.
Volume
Mass or Quantity.
Cross Hatching
Single and Across lines (create values)
Hatching
Single lines (create values)
Model
Creating the illusion of a 3D object on a 2D surface by using highlights and shadows
Implied Light
2D light that doesn’t actually exist, it’s an illusion.
Stippling
Tiny dots (create values)
Color Wheel
The arrangement of colors in a circle.
Cool Colors
The colors on the blue-green side.
Primary Colors
Red, Yellow, Blue. Cannot be dividing into two or more colors. Base Colors.
Secondary Colors
Created by combining two primaries. Green, orange, purple.
Tertiary Colors
Creating by combing a primary and adjacent secondary. Ex. blue-green.
Warm Colors
The colors on the red-orange side.
Analogous Color Harmony
Three colors adjacent to one another.
Complementary Color Harmony
Two colors directly across from each other on the color wheel. (simultaneous contrast)
Monochromatic Color Harmony
One color plus shades/tints.
Triadic Color Harmony
Three colors equally spaced apart on the color wheel.
Optical Color Mixture
The viewer’s eyes will blend colors placed side by side.
Pointillism
Points of pure color applied to a support and allowing the viewer’s eyes to mix or blend those colors.
Actual/Tactile Texture
Textures we experience through the sense of touch.
Visual Texture
Textures that are created to look lie something other than a flat painted surface.
Atmospheric Perspective
Looking at broad, receding landscapes.
Implied Space
The illusion of depth on a 2D surface.
Isometric Perspective
Looking down from above.
3D Space
Visual depth.
Linear Perspective
Forms seem to get smaller as they recede from us. Parallel lines converge on the horizon line where they disappear.
Overlapping
To cover and extend beyond.
Placement/Position
Arrangement of objects.
Seven Visual Elements
Line
Shape and Mass
Pattern and Texture
Light
Color
Time and Motion
Space
Three types of Directional Lines and What Movement they Suggest
Horizontal-Passive, No Movement
Vertical- Potential For Movement
Diagonal- Movement
Three Types of Perspective
Linear
Atmospheric
Isometric
Three Techniques for Creating Values using Linear Mode
Hatching
Cross-Hatching
Stippling
Two Ways to Create Depth without using a Form of Perspective
Placement/Position
Overlapping
Four Color Harmonies
Monochromatic
Complementary
Analogous
Triadic
Learn lang.
No society that we know of has lived without some form of art. The impulse and respond of art appears to have the ability to.
Paleothic Period
Radiocarbon testing indicates that the earliest images made by humans back to the.
Anthony Caro
All art is basically Paleothic or Neolithic: either the urge to smear soot and grease on cave walls or pile stone on.
Shiva
The 10th century copper sculpture illustrated in this chapter is the work on an artist performing the role of “giving tar unknown”. The unknown in this case physical form of the deity
The Starry Night
Although Vincent Van Gogh suffered emotionally throughout his life, he was able to give his emotions tangible from.
Audrey Flack
The Wheel of Fortune was created by
All of these
Theo Van Gogh was Vincent Van Gogh’s
All these answers are correct
Van Gogh’s paintings are high of value because
All these answers are correct
The field of philosophy called aesthetics ask the question
Claude Monet
Fishermans Cottage on the Cliffs at Varengeville was painted by
All these answers are correct
What term describes work by nonprofessionals
Iconography
To discover why the sculpture of the Amida Nyorai depicted the subject with elongated, specific hand gestures head requires the use of
Visual characteristic
The term style is used to categorize a work of art is
The artist and audience
Our modern ideas about art carry with them ideas about
Were felt to provide pleasure
During the 18th century, beauty and art were discussed together because both
Pieta
Is the name for a standard subject in Christan art, that of Mary, the mother of Jesus, holding her son after the cross
Naturalistic
If a work of art is faithful to our visual experience, it’s style is
Form
When discussing size, shape, material, color, and composition of a work of art, we are discussing its
Painting, sculpture, and architecture
During the Renaissance in Western Europe, ____ came to be regarded as the more elevated of arts.
They still debate the works iconography
After much study of the Arnolfini Double Portrait, experts agree that
All these answers are correct
Context is a factor that ties that bind a work of art to the
Installation
Ann Hamilton’s Mantle is an example of
All these answers are correct
Representational art with an approach to naturalism covers
They share the same iconography
Cimabues Madonna enthroned and Rathnasambhava, the transcendent Buddha of the south are similar in all these
Bodhisattvas
Whereas the Christan image by Cimabue depicts the central figure surrounded by angels, the Buddhist image in the central figure surrounded by
Tombs
The pyramids of Giza in Egypt where built as
Romans
The ____ often created equestrian statues of their emperors
The Spanish pavilion Paris world fair
Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 for
Line
Which of the visual elements can best be described as ” the path of a moving point”?
Motion
During the 20th Century, which of the following became a recognized element of art
All these answers are correct
Lines are used in art to indicate
Organic
In art, shapes that suggest forms found in nature are called ___ shapes.
Triangle
Raphael’s The Madonna of the Meadows is composed using the implied shape of a
Position and over lap
The 18th century Indian painting of Maharana Amar Singh and others watching musicians and acrobats utilizes the cues for implying depth on a flat surface. They are
Values
A black and white photograph of a scene eliminates the hues and intensifies of the scenes color
Outlines, contour lines
In drawing, the outer boundaries of two dimensional forms are defined by ____
Chiaroscuro
In painting and drawing, artists often use the the technique of___ to describe the way shadows and light define.
Hatching
Charles White’s Untitled illustrates the technique of
James Turrell
Which artist uses light itself as the main material and whose work increases our awareness of light as a presence?
White
In the additive process of color mixing, red light, green light, and blue light, combine to produce ____ light.
Secondary
Mixing two primary colors produces a _____ color.
Seemed to calm and relax violent children in studies of colors effects upon the mind and body
“Passive pink” refers to the color that
Repetition
A necessary feature of pattern is
All of these: at the exact center of the picture, just behind the head of the figure of Jesus
The vanishing point in Leonardo de Vinic’s The Last Supper
All these answers are correct
One common issue facing those who work to conserve work of art is
Foreshortening
In Albrecht Durer’s woodcut The Draftman Drawing a Reclining Nude, the draftsman is using a device to help him
The Rocky Mountains, Landers Peak by Albert Bierstadt
The use of atmospheric perspective is a prominent aspect of which work?
Visual
Artist can portray ____ textures that are created to look like something often than a flat painted surface.
Disturbing visual weight accordingly
In a two dimensional work with asymmetrical balance, the appearance of balance is achieved by
Conceptual
Rather than depend solely upon visual unity, an artist will sometimes create ____ unity the ideas.
Along the vertical axis down the center of the composition
In a two dimensional work of art is balanced symmetrically, the implied center of gravity is:
Symmetry
The thirteen- diety Jnanadakini Mandala uses ____ to suggest that there is a hidden order to the universe.
Conceptual unity
Annette Messager’s Mes Voeux and Joseph Cornell’s The Hotel Eden both demonstrate the use of:
Squared grid
The ancient Egyptians developed a standard set of proportions used to create images of the “correct” or “perfect”
Symmetrical balance
Georgia O’Keeffe’s painting Deers Skull with Pedermal is a prime example of:
Vanitas
Pablo Picassos Girl before a mirror explores the traditional theme of:
Order and authority
Symmetrical balance, as used by Georgia O’Keeffe, expresses:
Informal balance
Another term for asymmetrical balance is
All of these answers correct
In art, the design principle of balance functions to:
All of these answers correct
Henry Ossawa Tanner The Banjo Lesson creates emphasis through:
Scale
Claes Oldenburg and Coosje Van Bruggen created shock value through use of:
A royal altar to the hand
Which word of art uses hierarchical scale?
The circle and square
The ancient Roman Architect Vitruvius associated the perfected male form with the perfect
Hierarchical
The use of scale to indicate relative importance is known as ____ scale.

Cite this VisualArts terms

VisualArts terms. (2018, Jan 07). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/visualarts-terms-essay/

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