In the video “Into Nepal – A Journey through the Kathmandu Valley,” there were many concepts that were easily recognizable due to the information that was given during the first semester of the AP Human Geography course. The Hindu people who are pictured in the video segment, Budanilkantha: A Hindu Wedding, are practicing a custom of many Hindu people. A custom is the frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes a characteristic of the group of people performing the act.
Although not all Hindus participate in arranged marriages, the acts that occur during the marriage are very similar. Before the wedding takes place, the bride receives a jewel that marks the central part in her hair which is a signal of her marriage. Along with different gifts to the attendees, the groom’s family also presents the bride with many gifts of cloths and gold jewelry. In the same video segment, during the wedding the bride washed her groom’s feet which is an old custom that means she takes the dust from a weary traveler who comes before her.
Material culture is a physical item that represents aspects of a culture. During the middle of a Hindu wedding, the bride leaves to change into a new sari, which are worn by majority of the women in the Hindu culture. In the video segment, Swayambunath: The Monkey Temple, the turning of the prayer wheels, which are located at the top of the stairs, represented a part of a folk culture. A folk culture is culture that is traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
The people who visit “The Monkey Temple” believe that turning the prayer wheels adds momentum to the wish that all living creatures suffer lust and learn to be compassionate of each other’s burdens and sadnesses. In the Kathmandu valley, many of the people there practice two religions at the same time, Buddhism and Hinduism. Buddhism is a widespread Asian religion or philosophy, founded by Siddartha Gautama in North East India in the 5th century bc, which teaches that enlightenment may be reached by elimination of earthly desires and of the idea of the self.
Hinduism is a major religious and cultural tradition of the Indian subcontinent, comprising a diverse family of devotional and ascetic cults and philosophical schools, all sharing a belief in reincarnation and involving the worship of a large pantheon of deities. In the Pashupatinath valley region, there is a cremation temple which is a part of the landscape of the dead in Nepal. A landscape of the dead is a place where burial rituals are carried out, which may vary by religion.
In Pashupatinath, when a woman’s husband or family dies, she wears white. The attendees of the funeral offer the soul of the deceased body incense, food, and water so that it doesn’t feel troubled on its journey towards a new form. The deceased’s mouth is then lit on fire by the eldest brother, which is said to purify his/her soul. In the landscape, there are also many river cleaners who pan for gold fillings that come from the teeth of the deceased. You can find many saddus also in the Pashupatinath valley.
They are people who have come to the last stage in their lives and are spending the rest of their lives without any material possessions and living in prayer. They spend their days meditating and doing yoga which is said to help their concentration and purification. Many of the saddus have probably made a pilgrimage to the valley. A pilgrimage is a journey to a place considered sacred for religious purposes. The people who live in the villages on the foothill of the Himalayas have a culture that may be strange to many outsiders.
Culture is the body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute the distinct tradition of a group of people. The roads are made by the people who walk, the animals supply the milks, and their clothes dry on haystacks. The women collect bundles of dried cornstalk to feed a buffalo, help patch a roof, or stuff a mattress. In the same village, there are a couple of boys who speak both English and Nepali which makes them multilingual. People who are multilingual are people who speak two or more languages fluently.
The two young boys who spoke English in the video were very helpful to the narrator because the vast majority of the village spoke Nepali. From what was shown in all segments of the video, many of the small villages in Kathmandu are a preliterate society. A preliterate society is a culture without any written language. Many of the children gain the vast majority of their knowledge from watching their elders. However in the city where the marketplace is, many children go to school where they probably learn reading, writing, and arithmetic.
Cite this AP Human Geo Nepal
AP Human Geo Nepal. (2016, Oct 28). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/ap-human-geo-nepal/