art 111 Quiz 4 – Ch. 2.1 and 2.2

silverpoint
This drawing medium utilizes a piece of silver wire set in a holder.
water
One of the advantages of acrylic paint is that it can be cleaned up using this liquid.
China
In which country was paper invented by Cai Lun, who made it out of macerated plant fibers suspended in water?
beeswax
The binding agent in encaustic painting is ________.
glazing
The transparency of oil paint allows a painter to use a process called ___________ in order to add a high degree of luminosity to a painting.
False
If you wanted to create a colorful drawing that could be easily erased or altered, gall ink would be a good medium to use.
False
If an artist wanted to create an artwork that they could easily alter, and in which they could quickly fix any mistakes, buon fresco would be a good method to use.
pigment
Paint in its most basic form is composed of ________ and a liquid binder.
wax
Color pencil is much like graphite pencil, but the lead is made from pigment and ________.
quill
The shaft of a bird’s feather that is used to apply ink is called a:
oil paint
Italian Baroque artist Artemisia Gentileschi used this medium for her Allegory of Painting, a self-portrait of the artist with a paintbrush in hand.
buon fresco
Taking four years to complete, the Sistine Chapel ceiling was painted by this artist in sections using the ___________ method.
True
If an artist wanted to paint a very detailed miniature forest scene, egg tempera would be a good medium to use.
hatching
If an artist wanted to create an area of darkness using the medium of silverpoint, he or she would use the technique of ________.
diluting with water
An artist who is using brush and ink will often control the value of the ink by ________.
False
If an artist wanted to work on a painting over a number of days, blending and making changes, egg tempera paint would be a good medium to use.
9B
Pencils have a range of values from very light to very dark. If you wanted a dark value, which of these pencil numbers would be the darkest?
vine, compressed
These two types of charcoal are the most commonly used as drawing materials:
gum arabic
Artists’ chalk is powdered calcium carbonate combined with this binder.
False
Artists used oil paint on cave walls thousands of years ago.
lye
This is not a traditional paint binder.
detail
Tempera lends itself to high ________ because it is usually applied with a brush in short, thin strokes.
ink
This medium is made of pigment suspended in water so that it adheres to the fibers of paper to which it is commonly applied. Usually there is a small amount of gum arabic in this medium, and it most often uses only black pigment.
surface texture
In addition to its fiber content and weight, paper is also classified by its _____________.
buon
There are two types of fresco. Fresco secco, which means dry fresco, and this kind, which means good fresco.
all
Before the invention of paper, drawings were done on ________.
a. animal hide
b. papyrus
c. cloth
d. wood
e. all of the other answers
wax
Artists’ crayon is made by mixing pigment with ________.
pigment
This component of paint has traditionally been extracted from minerals, soils, vegetable matter, and animal by-products.
egg
The binding agent for tempera paint is ________.
acrylic
This contemporary painting medium uses a polymer resin as a binder.

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