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COM 249 Final Quiz Questions

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    The news about Michael Jackson’s death first broke on:
    the TMZ website
    Facebook.com is a part of a growing type of online media known as which of the following?
    social networking
    _________ is a mass communication channel.
    The World Wide Web
    Mass communication is an example of which type of one-on-many communication?
    one sender to many receivers
    A message being sent through the media must be ______ before it can be transmitted.
    encoded
    Which of the following was the world’s first major communication network?
    the Roman Catholic church
    Which communication technology was first experimented with in the 1960s and 1970s?
    computer networks
    There are approximately _______ daily newspapers in the United States.
    1,400
    The Big Four television broadcast networks earn _____ percent of all television advertising revenue.
    40
    In the late 1970s and early 1980s, the yellow ribbon was a symbol for which of the following causes?
    remembering the U.S. embassy hostages in Iran
    According to the Generation M study, U.S. children spend an average of ______ hours a day using media.
    6.5
    A e-mail that you send to your mother telling her you got a perfect report card would be called which of the following types of communication?
    intrapersonal commuincation
    Clemens is reading the latest novel by Stephen King. He is engaging in which of the following types of communication?
    mass communication
    The ________ model of mass communication looks at the process of mass communication by considering each of the elements of how a mass media message is sent and received.
    transmission
    The _______ model of mass communication looks at how audience members use the mass media to create a shared experience.
    ritual
    The ________ model of mass communication looks at how media messages are used to draw attention to an individual or issue.
    publicity
    The ________ model of mass communication looks at how audience members derive and create meaning out of media content.
    reception
    What was the first medium to allow ideas to easily move beyond the place where they were initially created?
    books
    An audience member’s skills at decoding the intellectual meaning of an argument presented in a newspaper editorial involves the _________ dimension of media literacy.
    cognitive
    Which of the following is the medium that emphasizes the interchangeability of the sender and receiver?
    internet
    An audience member’s skills at decoding the meaning of the menacing music in a horror movie involves the _________ dimension of media literacy.
    emotional
    An audience member’s skills at decoding the underlying message of an action show that force is the proper solution to all problems involves the _________ dimension of media literacy.
    moral
    An audience member’s skills at decoding the artistic success of a new novel involves the _________ dimension of media literacy.
    aesthetic
    Which of the following best describes the findings of the People’s Choice study from 1940?
    Audiences are indirectly affected by media campaign messages.
    Fears that media messages would have strong, direct effects on individuals grew out of propaganda campaigns during which of the following conflicts?
    World War I
    The _______ model says that a candidate’s success depends in part on how well his basic message connects with voters’ preexisting feelings.
    resonance
    The _______ model says that a candidate’s success depends in large part on how the candidate’s opponent responds to the candidate’s campaign messages.
    competitive
    The journalistic value of _______ represents the idea politicians should serve the public good and not their own interests.
    altruistic democracy
    A media scholar is looking at why so many Americans are watching House, M.D. on television. What kind of effects is this scholar looking for?
    active audience effects
    A media scholar is trying to find out if children who watch Sesame Street do better in second grade than children who watch SpongeBob Squarepants. What kind of effects is he looking for?
    message effects
    A media scholar is trying to find out whether radio or television political ads are more persuasive. What kind of effects is he looking for?
    media effects
    A media scholar is trying to find out if the editorial focus of a newspaper changed after it was purchased by a large media conglomerate. What kind of effects is he looking for?
    ownership effects
    A study that looks whether press coverage of budget deficits made audiences talk more about government spending would be an example of which of the following?
    agenda setting
    A study that looks at why teenagers like to go to horror movies like Hostel or Saw would be an example of which of the following?
    uses and gratifications theory
    A study that looks at how children acquire new behaviors by watching movies on television would be an example of which of the following?
    social learning
    A newspaper runs stories that suggest that most people in the country support cutting taxes. After reading the stories, people who support raising taxes tend to keep quiet because they think their neighbors all support tax cuts. This would be an example of which of the following?
    spiral of silence
    The co-founder and CEO of Apple is the largest single stockholder in which major media company?
    Disney
    Radio stations started carrying national news starting in which of the following decades?
    1930s
    _________ is where a media company uses its combined properties to promote each other and add value to the company.
    synergy
    According to media scholar and critic Ben Bagdikian, in 2004 approximately ____ corporations owned a majority of media outlets in the United States.
    6
    According to media scholar and critic Ben Bagdikian, in 1983 approximately ____ corporations owned a majority of media outlets in the United States.
    50
    The majority of the cable television music video channels are owned by which of the following?
    Viacom
    ________ has raised the question of whether bigger really is better by spinning off its major online service and its residential cable television provider division.
    Time Warner
    ________ owns media properties on every continent except Antarctica.
    News Corporation
    ________ is the largest publisher in the English language.
    Bertelsmann
    ________is one of the leading new media companies in the world.
    Google
    The biggest owner of direct broadcast satellite services around the world is which of the following?
    News Corporation
    What company is currently working to purchase NBC Universal?
    Comcast
    The largest owner of radio stations in the United States is which of the following?
    Clear Channel Communications
    The media in the United States are typically owned by which of the following?
    private industry
    The largest publisher of newspapers in the United States is which of the following?
    Gannett Corporation
    Viacom and CBS split into two separate companies for which of the following reasons?
    They wanted to give investors two separate stocks to invest in
    Short head media excel at delivering which of the following?
    a limited amount of content to a large audience
    When a movie studio changes the ending of a movie based on focus group research, this is likely due to the influence of which of the following?
    audiences
    Golfer Tiger Woods has agreed to be the subject of a cover story for Golf magazine, but he will only do the interview if the publisher lets him approve the writer and the photographer. This is an example of a/an ___________ controlling the content of the media.
    news source
    If Disney were to tell ABC News not to report on problems with its theme park business, this would be an example of the influence of which of the following?
    owners
    People with low levels of media literacy would assume that the most powerful force controlling the media are which of the following?
    owners
    Which of the following was the earliest form of writing?
    pictographs
    A writing system where abstract symbols stand for an object or idea is which of the following?
    ideographs
    Printing was invented by which of the following?
    Chinese prior to 200 AD
    The first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary took approximately _____ years to produce.
    70
    _____ was an important newspaper, magazine and book publisher in colonial and revolutionary America.
    Benjamin Franklin
    What invention directly led to the production of inexpensive dime novels?
    the steam powered rotary press
    Which of the following was the most important effect of the printing press and movable type?
    Ideas could spread rapidly beyond the communities where they originated
    The primary function of a book publisher is which of the following?
    buy manuscripts from authors and turn them into books
    Which of the following is true about the majority of book authors?
    They make a modest income from their books
    _________ is best known for his/her covers of Vanity Fair and Rolling Stone magazines.
    Annie Leibovitz
    _________ is best known for his/her photography for Life and Fortune magazines.
    Margaret Bourke-White
    Which of the following was the first truly national magazine with a large circulation published in the United States?
    The Saturday Evening Post
    _________ was a pioneer in photojournalism with her/his photos of the Civil War.
    Matthew Brady
    Magazines that are targeted at specific industries and carry ads for people who are in that business are known as which of the following?
    trade magazines
    Magazines such as Harper’s, The Atlantic, and the National Review are known as which of the following
    literary and commentary magazines
    Who was the target of a major investigative journalism series written by Ida M. Tarbell for McClure’s magazine in the early 1900s?
    Rockefeller
    Helen Gurley Brown was the long-time editor of which of the following?
    Cosmopolitan
    _______ largely created the idea of the modern woman’s magazine as editor of Godey’s Lady’s Book.
    Sarah Josepha Hale
    Magazines such as Cosmopolitan, Glamour, and Vogue are known as which of the following?
    FBL Magazines
    Which of the following best describes Matthew Brady’s greatest contribution to photojournalism?
    idea that photos could be documents that preserve history
    Which of the following is the biggest circulating magazine in the United States?
    AARP
    The National Review is a magazine that is trying to appeal to which of the following audiences?
    intellectuals interested in conservative political ideas
    Magazine circulation is climbing in the United States for which of the following reasons?
    growing rates of literacy
    Which of the following are true of successful magazines today?
    They target narrower audiences
    The first English-language papers were published in Amsterdam starting in which of the following years?
    1618
    Which paper is regarded as the first newspaper in the colonies?
    Publick Occurrences
    Which paper was published by Benjamin Franklin?
    The Pennsylvania Gazette
    Edward R. Murrow is best remembered for which of the following?
    His accounts from London in World War II
    Which of the following events helped bring CNN to prominence?
    The Persian Gulf War
    Most American newspapers are owned by which of the following?
    large corporate chains
    Which of the following was the newspaper responsible for breaking the Watergate story in 1972?
    The Washington Post
    Colonial newspapers could be characterized by which of the following?
    intensely partisan opinion writing
    The change to objective reporting that took place in the 1800s was driven by which of the following reasons?
    the rise of a literate working class
    Reporter Nellie Bly’s style of reporting from the yellow journalism era would best fit in today at which of the following newspapers?
    the New York Daily News
    Which one of the following newspapers most clearly defines what will be news in the United States?
    the New York Times
    What medium did Guglielmo Marconi help invent?
    radio
    Which of the following developments occurred during World War I?
    The military took over radio broadcasting
    Which of these is Akio Morita famous for?
    inventing the Walkman
    What is Barry Gordy Jr. best known for?
    founding Motown records
    Which of these was the producer who worked on recordings for Johnny Cash, the Dixie Chicks, and the Red Hot Chili Peppers?
    Rick Rubin
    The method of recording sound that involves storing it in a series of numbers is called which of the following?
    digital recording
    Which of the following is the federal agency charged with regulating telecommunications, including radio and television broadcasting?
    FCC
    William S. Paley, the first president of the CBS network, saw radio as which of the following?
    an excellent tool for advertising products and services
    Which of the following was first major movie with multiple scenes and a plot?
    The Great Train Robbery
    Who developed the earliest portable movie cameras?
    Lumiere brothers
    Who was the director of Birth of a Nation, the controversial silent film about the Civil War?
    DW Griffith
    In the 1930s and 1940s, the studios required theaters to schedule a large number of lesser movies in order to get one or two major films. This practice was known as which of the following?
    block booking
    Movie attendance peaked in which year?
    1946
    The large number of smaller theaters grouped together that replaced the large Art Deco movie palaces are known as which of the following?
    multiplexes
    The film that created the idea of the summer blockbuster was which of the following?
    Jaws
    As of 2006, approximately ____ percent of all households had DVD players.
    81
    Which of the following movies proved the value of Internet promotion?
    The Blair Witch Project
    Once it was introduced, almost every movie made used which of the following technologies?
    sound
    The blacklist of the 1940s and 1950s was driven by which of the following?
    the fear of communism
    Philo T. Farnsworth invented which of the following?
    the basic technology for television
    All U.S. television broadcasting became digital in which year?
    2009
    Which of the following created the Public Broadcasting System?
    Public Broadcasting Act of 1967
    The major company doing television ratings in the United States is which of the following?
    Nielsen Media Research
    What are telenovelas?
    Spanish language television soap operas
    When HBO first went on the air in 1975, the broadcast networks made which of the following responses?
    they largely ignored it
    Television networks are now showing more diverse programming for which of the following reasons?
    they want to attract a larger audience
    Twitter was originally created so people could share their answers to the question:
    What are you doing?
    Paul Baran’s idea of cutting messages into small pieces and sending them on the easiest route was known as which of the following?
    packet switching
    Which of the following is the address for where Web pages are located?
    URL
    The first Web browser that could handle graphics was called which of the following?
    Mosaic
    The New York Times, the Washington Post, and USA Today could all be considered _________ media outlets.
    click and mortar
    William Paley became convinced of the potential of radio advertising rights after he did which of the following?
    He used radio advertising for his family’s cigar company.
    The innovation in the way Pears’ soap marketed its product was that it was the first to use which of the following?
    a brand name
    The advertising agency department responsible for deciding where to place the advertising is which of the following?
    media planning
    The advertising agency department responsible for deciding on the target market for the advertising is which of the following?
    research and planning
    The advertising agency department responsible for developing the actual advertisements is which of the following?
    creative activity
    In advertising, the cost of reaching 1,000 consumers with a particular advertisement in a particular medium is known as which of the following?
    CPM
    The biggest advertising medium in the United States for which audience size is measured is which of the following?
    magazines
    Until the recession of 2009, the fastest growing advertising media type in the United States was which of the following?
    Internet
    Broadcast television networks carry an average of _________ of advertising and promotion clutter per hour.
    15 minutes
    British television viewers see an average of _____ commercials per week.
    311
    In 2008, companies spent ______ a year advertising to children.
    17 billion
    The social process by which people go from having the identities they are born with, to being able to decide who they want to be is which of the following?
    modernization
    The process of going from having work done by muscle to being done by machines is which of the following?
    industrialization
    The first major mass medium to be supported primarily by advertising in the United States was which of the following?
    newspapers
    An advertisement designed to reach an audience in a set of southern suburbs of Minneapolis would be called ______ advertising.
    zoned
    An advertisement designed to sell soda to a young hip audience would be called ______ advertising.
    targeted
    The person most responsible for creating the fair use doctrine for American copyright law is:
    Barbara Ringer
    The belief that Americans should be allowed to freely express themselves originated with which of the following?
    The First Amendment
    The John Peter Zenger case established which of the following?
    truth as an absolute defense against libel
    The law passed by Congress following the 9/11 attacks which expanded the ability of the FBI to look into people’s media use and tap their phones is known as which of the following?
    USA Patriot Act
    Truth is not always an effective defense against libel for which of the following reasons?
    it is not always clear what truth is
    Which of the following cases established that the actual malice standard in libel law applied to public figures as well as public officials?
    Gertz vs Roberts
    In which of the following cases did the court ruled that a cable news channel could be stopped temporarily from broadcasting tape recordings of conversations between a criminal defendant and his lawyer?
    United States vs Noriega
    Which of the following cases established that reporters have a legal obligation to keep a verbal promise made to a source?
    Cohen vs Cowles
    Which of the following cases established that reporters have a right to publish truthful information even if it was obtained using deception?
    Food Lion vs ABC
    Several newspapers were initially prevented from printing the Pentagon Papers through the government’s use of which of the following?
    prior restraint
    The first U.S. copyright law permitted authors and artists to protect their work for how long?
    28 years
    The First Amendment does not protect people from being sued for statements that are which of the following?
    libelous

    COM 249 Final Quiz Questions. (2018, Jan 12). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/com-249-final-quiz-questions-essay/

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