Group Staffing is the process of acquiring, deploying, and retaining a workforce of sufficient quantity and quality to create positive impacts on the organization’s effectiveness. The managerial function of staffing is defined as filling positions in the organization structure through identifying work-force requirements, inventorying the people available, recruitment, selection, placement, promotion, appraisal, compensation and training of needed people.
Human capital refers to the knowledge, skill, and ability of people and their motivation to use them successfully on the job. Staffing is the process of acquiring, deploying, and retaining a workforce of sufficient quantity and quality to create positive impacts on the organization’s effectiveness. Acquisition activities involve external staffing systems that govern the initial intake of applicants into the organization. Staffing is more of a process than an event. Staffing the organization requires attention to both the quantity and quality of people brought into, moved within, and retained by the organization. Quantity or quality labor shortages can mean lost business opportunities, scaled-back expansion plans, and an inability to provide critical consumer goods and services, and even threats to organizational survival.
Shortages and surpluses can be identified so that quick action can be taken wherever required. All the recruitment and selection programmes are based on manpower planning. It also helps to reduce the labour cost as excess staff can be identified and thereby overstaffing can be avoided. It also helps to identify the available talents in a concern and accordingly training programmes can be chalked out to develop those talents. It helps in growth and diversification of business. Through manpower planning, human resources can be readily available and they can be utilized in best manner. It helps the organization to realize the importance of manpower management which ultimately helps in the stability of a concern.
Staffing function is the most important managerial act along with planning, organizing, leading and controlling. The operations of these four functions depend upon the manpower which is available through staffing function. Staffing is a pervasive activity- As staffing function is carried out by all mangers and in all types of concerns where business activities are carried out.
Staffing is a continuous activity. This is because staffing function continues throughout the life of an organization due to the transfers and promotions that take place. The basis of staffing function is efficient management of personnel’s. Human resources can be efficiently managed by a system or proper procedure, that is, recruitment, selection, placement, training and development, providing remuneration, etc. Staffing helps in placing right men at the right job. It can be done effectively through proper recruitment procedures and then finally selecting the most suitable candidate as per the job requirements.
Staffing is performed by all managers depending upon the nature of business, size of the company, qualifications and skills of managers, etc. In small companies, the top management generally performs this function. In medium and small scale enterprise, it is performed especially by the personnel department of that concern.