1) Topic: Self-Defense techniques
2) Specific Purpose: To teach my audience history about self-defense, also how to execute three primary self-defense techniques to escape an attack. A. To provide a knowledgeable history of self-defense that is applicable in modern day situations.
B. To explain to my audience the individual body parts that anyone can use as weapons to inflict the most damage.
C. To explain to my audience the target areas of the body most vulnerable to serious injury that you should try to hit.
3) Thesis: The audience will learn how to execute three primary self -defense techniques using three individual body parts as weapons to defend themselves from an attack.
A. Attention Getter: So much of the all-around ass-kicking fight sequences we see in the movies today are portray ‘larger than life’ characters, indestructible and immune to any kind of pain inflicted upon them during a fight to the death. Indeed, it is true, these films are exciting to watch, but none of us wants to find themselves in a physical confrontation suddenly fearing for your life, right? However, if you are ever the victim of an attack, you must take every possible, ruthless advantage, give no warning, and strike as ferociously as you can, continuously, until you have caused injuries serious enough to allow your escape. ( v.p. handbook, n.d. ) .
Transition: Now that I have your attention, and peaked your interest as well, let me take a moment to share my personal experience and a brief history of self-defense.
Credibility: When my husband past away last November, I decided it was necessary to learn how to defend myself in case I were the victim of an attack. Maybe my girlfriend will need me to help fend off a gang of biker chicks that started a brawl in the bar and the only way to escape was to open up a can of whoop-ass on them so we could get the hell out of there. Whatever the case, I would need someone who had experience and knowledge with self-defense. I asked my friends Mitch Weinstein, and Frankie Cooper to teach me some techniques that would be simple enough that anyone could easily learn how to do them. Mitch and Frankie are both veterans of the United States Marine Corps., have studied close hand-to-hand combat for self-defense in the U.S. Marine Corps. Martial Arts Program and have extensive experience in self-defense as both Security Officers and former Bounty Hunters.
Thesis Statement: I am going to tell you the history of self-defense. Then I will show you how to execute three, simple self-defense moves you can use as techniques to escape from an attack, using three individual body parts as your weapons of self-defense.
Preview: Tonight I will give you some background on self-defense and tell you where and when the practices and teachings first began. I will tell you which body parts you can use as weapons to defend yourself from an attack. Areas of the body to strike that are most vulnerable to serious injury, and show you how to do to three self-defense moves.
1. Self-Defense is a very broad term and cannot be pinned down to any specific origin.
2. The techniques I will be teaching you today originate from Jiu-jitsu and branch towards modern techniques.
3. Jiu-jitsu itself forms the basis for many other Martial Arts, the origins date back thousands of years and are still used by Military and Police Forces World Wide. Speed is the absolute spirit of any form of combat, from a fencing match to modern day self-defense (Cooper, 2007).
4. Self-defense is the use of physical force to neutralize an imminent threat of violence.
5. Self-defense courses are oriented towards effectiveness and addresses situations as transpiring in the real world.
1. Self-defense is both a combination of offensive and defensive measures. 2. The first account of jujutsu-like maneuvers dates to 650 A.D. also called the ancient periods of Japan (Yadan, 1979). 3. Empty hand techniques became prevalent during the period of 1467 to 1574 as commoners in Japan were prohibited from carrying weapons. 4. During the late 1800’s Jiu-jitsu techniques became popular in America in both law enforcement and the military as a method to subdue criminals (Yadan, 1979). 5. These techniques incorporate movements easily accessible to the average person to counteract aggressive threats.
C. Modern interpretations
1. Self-defense is a countermeasure involving defending oneself or the well-being of another from harm. 2. “The Marine Corps Martial Arts Program consists of three components; mental discipline, character discipline, and physical discipline” (United States Marine Corps, 2003, p. 3). 3. Self-defense starts with the mental discipline to fight. The human body produces a fight or flight response in high stress situations. 4. Knowledge of techniques can protect the individual through an understanding of target areas and personal weapons
II. Three individual body parts can be used as weapons for self-defense.
These body parts are the bony areas or personal weapons. The idea is to use a hard area to hit a soft area. The resulting strike produces more damage, reduces the likelihood of injury to the defender, and utilizes larger muscles eliminating the need for fine motor control. Fine motor control is reduced in high stress situations.
1. The elbows of the areas between the forearm and upper arm. 2. The elbow when used as a striking weapon provides an excellent short distance weapon. 3. This body weapon incorporates several muscle groups in a short distance. The power from the larger muscles in the arm, torso and back enhance the effectiveness of the strike. 4. Elbow strikes can be delivered to multiple areas of the offenders body
1. The knees are the part of the body between the upper and lower leg. Leg muscles are some of the largest muscles in the body. 2. Knees provide excellent short rang arrack with little training needed 3. In contrast, kicks require more training and the fine bones in the foot and ankles are susceptible to injury. 4. Damage to a foot or ankle makes escape difficult
5. Knees strike are most effective in close proximity to the target 6. Groin strikes are an excellent target when using a knee strike.
C. Hands (palm)
1 The palm strike uses the area of the hand most protected from injury during a strike. 2. The palm strike when used as a striking weapon provides a formidable weapon. 3. This body weapon incorporates several muscle groups in a short distance. The power from the larger muscles in the arm, shoulder and back augment the success of the strike. 4. Palm strikes can be delivered to the face of the attacker. 5. Specific areas include the nose,
keck, and chin.
6. The technique uses a stiff arm enable the defender to gain distance.
III. Individual vulnerable target areas.
A.1. The groin is one of the major soft tissue areas.
A.2. This area is not covered by protective tissue
A.3. The area is comprised of large nerve clusters
A.4. Major blood supplies flow through this region of the body in both male and females A.5. Damage to this are causes the attacker to involuntarily respond to protect the region A.6. Targeting the scrotum will produce pain even in instances of general contact A.7. Internal trauma can resonate through the attackers body
1. The head consists of several areas.
2. Target areas in the head are limited to soft tissue targets such as the nose or eyes. 3. Hard areas of the head such as the skull can damage the defender. 4. The nose is comprised of soft tissue and cartilage
5. Damage to this are will produce an involuntary tearing response and closing of the eyes 6. The strike to this are offset the attacker
7. The nose is broken easily
8. An axillary benefit is the attacker loses vision making a secondary attack possible
C.1. The throat is another soft tissue are vulnerable to strike C.2. Damage to this area can damage the trachea
C.3. Damage to the trachea can limit the attackers ability to breath C.4.
This allows for additional strikes and offers an opportunity to escape
IV. Performing the techniques
1. Stance is important factor
2. Firm footing incorporates larger muscle groups in the strike 3. This allows the defender to produce more damage
B. Palm strike to the nose
1. With the attacker in the front, force the heel of your palm into the attackers nose 2. Strike through the target
3. Aim for an area a few inches behind the nose
C. Elbow strike to the throat
1. With the attacker in the front, force your elbow into the attackers neck 2. Strike through the target
3. Aim for an area a few inches behind the trachea
D. Knee strike to groin
1. With the attacker in the front, force your knee into the attackers groin 2. Strike through the target
3. Aim for an area a few inches behind the groin
4. Target upwards and follow through to escape
1. Yelling can enhance your strike
2. This offers the ability for you to focus your energy on the strike 3. It can also confuse the attacker
I have shown you some simple techniques in self-defense. These techniques are only effective when you accept the mindset to protect yourself. Target areas are the throat, face, and groin. The personal weapons discussed are the elbow, knee, and palm. Combining the personal weapons attacks on vulnerable areas offer the best protection. In closing, I would like to leave you all with some words of wisdom from an article titled: “Prevention is the Best Self-Defense” posted on Listverve.com by writer Melanie Penola. In her post she writes: “When you are in a confrontation, you only have a few seconds and a few moves to try before the fight may be decided. You must do everything you can to inflict injury so you can get away because in the end, all that remains is hurt or be hurt.” I hope you will leave here tonight with an improved sense of protection and I encourage all of you to share this information with your family and friends as well.
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What is Self Defense? (n. d.). United States Ju-Jitsu Federation. Retrieved from http://www.usjjf.org/articles/defense.htm
United States Marine Corps (2003). Fundamentals of Marine Corps Martial Arts. United States Marine Corps
Yadan, Tom. (1979). A brief history of Jujutsu. Retrieved from An Introduction to Kodenkan Jujutsu.