The Book of Deuteronomy is the fifth book of the Bible, or the last book of thePentateuch. Deuteronomy literally means “Second Law.” This titleconveys its nature and purpose. In other words, this book is a repetition of thelaw that was given to Moses and his people on Mount Sinai. It is also acompletion and explanation of that law. Besides that, this book also continueson from previous events that happened in the first four books of the Bible. Ithelps to bring to focus and interpret the messages that are in the first fourbooks.
In Greek, Deuteronomy means “a copy of this law in a book.” InHebrew, its name comes from the phrase, “these are the words.” TheBook of Deuteronomy was written centuries after the Israelites had lived on theLand of Promise. Moses is believed to be the author. If he is the author, it waswritten around thirteenth century B.C. Joshua was most likely (although it isnot certain) the author who concluded the book with the event of Moses’s death.
Moses relates all events that happen in this book with a spiritual lesson. Hetakes the laws that the Lord gave His people nearly forty years before the timethat the writings of this book took place and adapts it to the people and eventsof that time. A main characteristic that sets the book of Deuteronomy apart fromthe other books of the Bible is its “vigorous oratorical style.” (TheHoly Bible 147) In other words, it is a style which involves much thought comingfrom the author. The events in this book took place within no more than fortydays. The events occurred mainly in only three places. They were “in theplains of Moab, between the end of the wandering of the desert (which lastedforty years), and the crossing of the Jordan River.” (Deuteronomy) Thepurpose of the book of Deuteronomy is to show the change in leadership fromMoses to Joshua. It was also written to be a witness of God’s relationship withthe people of Israel. Deuteronomy begins towards the end of Israel’s time ofwandering through the desert. Moses gives them instructions concerning manydifferent aspects of the life in the land they are about to enter. The firstfour chapters recall the time when the people came out of Egypt and died in thewilderness because of their numerous sins. It then shows how God faithfullybrought the next generation to the border of Canaan, which was the promisedland. The next twenty-four chapters recall the Law of God. In it, Moses repeatsthe Ten Commandments that had been given to him by God at Mount Sinai. Mosesemphasized that God chose the people of Israel to be His people because he lovedthem, and they in return should love God with all of their heart and soul. Mosesalso shows the importance of worshiping God. From this section is where the nameof Deuteronomy originated. The last six chapters prepare the people for theentry into Canaan. Joshua becomes the new leader of the people of Israel becauseit was near Moses’s time of death. Moses teaches the Israelites a song to remindthem of God’s faithfulness in the people and how they should never be unfaithfulto God. Moses then looks into the promised land from Mount Nebo, since he wasnever able to enter because of his unfaithfulness to God when he tapped the rocktwice. He then dies. Today, the book of Deuteronomy carries many differentmeanings to Christianity. It shows us the differences between ourselves and God,laws and rules, and how “Moses is a type’ of Christ.” (Deuteronomy)Deuteronomy conveys to us the nature of ourselves and God through quite a fewdifferent ways. One is by the sinful nature of man, which is quite apparentthroughout the book. The book also shows the character of God, and how He wasalways very faithful to His people. Another thing that it shows us is thepossibility of restoration through God’s grace. The book also contains the laws,which are the Ten Commandments. The Ten Commandments are in effect today for allChristians. They are a guide for Christians and the way they should live theirlives, and they help to guide all people to live better and more faithful lives.
Moses is somewhat a “type” of Christ by some of the actions that heperformed. He talked to God face to face which not many people did. Also, heperformed miracles, which are impossible for most people. He also was able todeliver people out of slavery. They are just a few examples of the many actionsthat Moses took in his lifetime. Throughout the book of Deuteronomy, the mainemphasis is on faith and obedience. This is apparent through the repeating ofthe Ten Commandments, and the faith of the people and God towards his people.
This book has a major religious influence when compared to most other books ofthe Old Testament. Deuteronomy is a book of the Bible that should be read withmuch thought, because it conveys many different meanings that can be used today,and that were apparent during the time it was written.
Cite this Deuteronomy In OT
Deuteronomy In OT. (2018, Dec 26). Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/deuteronomy-in-ot/