1. What characteristics of diversity and affirmative action programs do you recognize in this case? The characteristics of diversity that is presented in this case involves the high number of expatriate workers that are currently present in the United Arab Emirates workforce. These expatriates make up 98% of the private sector in jobs, while the UAE citizens make up about 13. 5%.
Another element that shows a characteristic of diversity in this case is the fact that cooperation has been facilitated among expatriate workers in the UAE, especially by having them redeployed to other workforces because local Emirati employees would take over their jobs. These expatriate employees would, as a result be given an attractive redundancy package to make up for the loss of their jobs after they have been redeployed. The affirmative action programs that are recognizable in this case include a few.
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First of all, one of the affirmative action programs involves EMI/PETROL, which is a petroleum company in the United Arab Emirates and it has cooperated well with the United Arab Emirates Emiratisation strategy by opening a vast budget of about 50 million AED to cover the expenses of UAE national and creating a Nationals Development Team. Here, this particular company went out of its way to employ a vast number of Emiratis by training them well enough to take over the places of the employed expatriate workers.
Another program in this case involves the expatriate redeployment program, which offers such expatriates packages for the loss of their jobs. 2. How is the Emiratisation program different? The Emiritisation program is different from any other. If one were to look around the world and look for something as similar as the Emiritisation program, that would be very difficult to find in any other country. The United Arab Emirates is well-known for offering its national citizens with the necessities that these nationals need.
Rather than being a country like many others that face a high percentage of unemployment and homelessness, the United Arab Emirates government has been investing a lot of its money to employ their citizens at the highest rate possible. Because the United Arab Emirates is mainly populated with a high number of expatriates and a very low number of UAE citizens, it has been difficult and very competitive for the UAE nationals to be able to find appropriate jobs, specially in the private sector. Many of the private sectors are employing expatriates due to the low costs of hiring them in comparison to Emiratis who would need higher pay and would most probably cost more to hire than expatriates. Therefore, the UAE citizens have turned to the government sector for jobs, and the UAE government sector has been doing its best with giving opportunities to as many UAE nationals as possible.
However, the Emiratisation strategic plan has been forth in the past and it has been monitoring the private sector to have a certain number of Emiratis to be employed. This has not been as successful as expected, but it is still being monitored and advised by the government to Emiratise the private sector as much as possible. 3. What qualitative and quantitative indicators could companies like EMI/Petrol use to evaluate their nationalization progress? 4. Would you speak, in this case, of reverse discrimination?