Essay Nigrescence Model of Racial Identity Development Essay

In 1971, William E. Cross, Jr., Ph.D., a Black psychologist and prominent researcher (specializing in Black psychology) developed a framework for assessing how black Americans come to understand what it means to be Black. Dr. Cross introduced his ideologies as the “Nigrescence Model of Racial Identity Development“. He asserts that every black American must undergo a series of identity stages to develop a healthy and balanced understanding of the Black experience and become well-rounded in our global society. This model encompasses five stages of identity development, which Dr.

Cross emphasizes, must be performed in order to successfully accomplish this goal. The first stage of Black racial identity development refers to the …show more content…

We will write a custom sample essay on
Nigrescence Model of Racial Identity Development
specifically for you for only $13.9/page
Order now

They often exude great admiration for the White culture and its morals, virtues, and values; while despising the Black culture. The second stage of Black racial identity development refers to the encounter stage. This depicts the juncture in life when a black American experiences a traumatic event/circumstance that causes him/her to reconsider their overall beliefs on racism.

Dr. Cross asserts that this event/circumstance usually heightens an individual’s racial awareness and additionally, triggers major conflicts with their earlier viewpoints under the pre-encounter context. This causes one to reassess his/her own identity and develop an awareness of the Black experience. The third stage of Black racial identity development refers to the immersion stage. This depicts the juncture in life when a black American’s viewpoints transform from the pre-encounter stage to a phase of enlightenment. These people have a broader awareness of the Black experience and embraces the Black culture, and its morals, virtues, and values. They take pride in the Black race and find beauty and perfection in Blackness. Dr. Cross asserts this phase to be similar to a religious conversion. Individuals within this stage usually focus on “all things Black”. They express rage and hostility towards the White race and reject its culture, while glorifying their .

Haven’t Found A Paper?

Let us create the best one for you! What is your topic?

By clicking "SEND", you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy. We'll occasionally send you account related and promo emails.

Eric from Graduateway Hi there, would you like to get an essay? What is your topic? Let me help you

logo

Haven't found the Essay You Want?

Get your custom essay sample

For Only $13.90/page