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The axial skeleton flash card

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    False
    Condyles are found in the axial skeleton only.
    True
    Trochanters are unique to the femur.
    False
    The mastoid process cannot be palpated on a living person.
    False
    Paranasal sinuses are lined by mucous membranes, and filled with mucus
    True
    The optic foramen belongs to the sphenoid bone.
    False
    Sutures are found in the cranial bones, facial bones, and sacral bones.
    True
    The atlantoaxial joint is the joint between C1 and C2.
    False
    All ribs articulate with the sternum.
    False
    Men have one rib fewer than women.
    False
    The four bones of the distal row of the carpus from lateral to medial are pisiform, hamate, capitate, and trapezoid
    True
    The styloid process can be palpated proximal to the thumb
    False
    There are three bones in the pollex.
    True
    The pubic symphysis can be palpated as a hard prominence above the genitalia.
    False
    Medial and lateral condyles of the femur are involved in the hip joint.
    True
    The ischium is posterior to the pubis and inferior to the ilium.
    206.
    The average number of bones in the adult skeleton is
    scapula
    All the bones listed below belong to the axial skeleton, except ___________, which belongs to the appendicular
    condyle
    A rounded knob that articulates with another bone is called a
    a process
    Any bony prominence is called
    because separate bones gradually fuse with age
    Why does an adult not have as many bones as a child?
    a bone that forms within some tendons in response to stress
    What is a sesamoid bone?
    foramen.
    A hole through a bone that usually allows passage for nerves and blood vessels is called a
    ethmoid
    All the bones listed below belong to the appendicular skeleton except
    sutures
    Most of the bones of the skull are connected by immovable joints called
    parietal bone, temporal bone.
    Sinuses are not found in the
    The sella turcica
    _______________ is not found in the temporal bone
    Parietal bones
    ___________ are not facial bones.
    sella turcica; sphenoid bone
    The _________ houses the pituitary gland (hypophysis) and is found in the ____________.
    ethmoid bone(s).
    There are two of each of the following bones except for the unpaired
    squamous
    The ______________ suture separates the temporal bone from the parietal bone
    the vomer
    These are bones associated with the skull but not considered part of it except
    spaces between the unfused cranial bones
    Fontanels are ____________ in an infant.
    the nasal bone
    All of these contribute to the wall of the orbit except
    Parietal Bone
    Parietal Bone
    This image shows a lateral view of the skull. What does “4” represent?
    temporal bone
    temporal bone
    This image shows a lateral view of the skull. What does “2” represent?
    maxilla
    maxilla
    This image shows a lateral view of the skull. What does “2” represent?
    occipital condyle
    occipital condyle
    This image shows an inferior view of the skull. What does “2” represent?
    7; 12; 5; 5; 4
    Vertebrae are divided into five groups, usually ____________ cervical, ____________ thoracic, _________________ lumbar, ___________ sacral, and ____________ coccygeal
    scoliosis.
    The most common deformity is an abnormal lateral curvature called
    the one between L4 and L5
    Which intervertebral disc is largest?
    The vertebral head
    _____________ does not belong to a representative vertebra
    dens (odontoid process)
    The axis is the only vertebra with a
    it has a pair of transverse foramina.
    These are all features found in a typical thoracic vertebra except
    sternum; clavicle
    The _____________ belongs to the thoracic cage, whereas the _____________ belongs to the pectoral girdle.
    the sternum.
    The manubrium belongs to
    true rib
    Rib 7 is a
    suprasternal notch
    The ___ can be easily palpated between the clavicles.
    cervical
    The spinous process has a bifid tip in most _______________ vertebrae
    anulus fibrosus; nucleus pulposus
    In a herniated (“ruptured” or “slipped”) disc, the ring of fibrocartilage called the ___________ cracks and the _____________ oozes out.
    ribs with the sternum
    Costal cartilages connect
    The sacroiliac joint
    _____________ do(does) not belong to the pectoral girdle.
    scapula.
    The acromion is a feature of the
    humerus; radius and ulna
    The brachium contains the ________________, whereas the antebrachium contains the ________________.
    scapula; humerus
    The glenoid cavity of the _______________ articulates with the head of the _____________.
    27
    The right hand of an adult has _____________ bones
    ulna
    ulna
    This image shows the adult skeleton. What does “2” represent?
    metacarpal bones
    This image shows the adult skeleton. What does “4” represent?
    fibula
    This image shows the adult skeleton. What does “2” represent?
    patella
    This image shows the adult skeleton. What does “4” represent?
    ilium
    Spines are conspicuous in the
    femur
    The acetabulum articulates with the
    pelvic inlet
    The head of an infant passes through the __________________ during birth.
    the female sacrum is longer
    Male and female pelves differ in the following features
    anterior crest
    The ______________ does not belong to the femur
    medial surface of the fibula.
    You cannot palpate the ________________ on a living person.

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