Bangladesh, the world’s second largest garment exporter, earns more than 10 per cent of its GDP from readymade garment factories. The country has about 4,500 factories, employing around 4million people. But worker in garment work at a very law price and in a very insecure condition taking the risk of life. Moreover this readymade garment sector has become a death trap for the workers in Bangladesh. Building collapse and fire are very frequent incident in this sector, especially in Saver and Ashulia. A statistic shows that at least 330 people have been killed in Garments Tragedy from 2000 to 2012.The accidents at Rana Plaza and Tazreen garment highlighted the appalling conditions of the garment factories. Rana Plaza Collaps has broke out all the record of the past taking a death toll of 1127 with injury of around 2500 people. It is considered to be the deadliest garment factory accident in history. Many families has become undone and many workers received a lifetime injury.
Each new incident of fire and related damage adversely affects the reputation of the industry country abroad. Garment workers’ safety seems to be of nobody’s concern in our country, neither the buyer nor the Government agencies in Bangladesh. The risk of garment factory accident increases significantly when construction laws are frequently ignored and safety regulations are not followed. Poor design, Poor construction and extra loads are the main causes of building collaps. Lack of emergency exits and emergency announcement system, insufficient fire defense materials, insufficient water sources inside or out side of the factory are the main causes of fire accident in garment factory. Conspiracy because of political unrest of the country is also one of the reasons for garment factory tragedy. One of the major reasons for frequent accident is that people responsible for garment factory accident are not brought to justice. We should take lesion from these terrible massacres. We cannot allow this industry to be destroyed.
Rather, we have to be united as a nation to strengthen the industry. The government, the leaders of the garments industry, the NGOs and the civil society all have to come forward in a united way to do this. BGMEA, BKMEA, and the labour organizations need to play their away in an effective way. We should not complete our duty by merely expressing our deep sympathy. We should be aware to prevent such incidents in future. In wake of Rana Plaza Tragedy ,government deployed authority for garment- factory inspection. This step should be continued and bear fruit. Construction laws have to be followed and every factory must assure safety regulation inside and outside the factory. The culprits must be brought to justice. We should rehabitate and compansate those who lost their limbs and livelihood. On the other hand international buyer cannot avoid their responsibility .Finally we must keep our major source of foreign exchange free from political unrest and corruption.