how culture schanges over time Essay

The Renaissance was considered to be a great period of change in the culture

and society of Western Europe. The Renaissance started in Italy and slowly

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spread throughout Europe. The church was still a major political, social and

economic power as well as primary patron of the arts. An emerging middle class

began to question the old foundations. Education, especially the literary

aspects began to enlighten the people. Literature, became more available as a

result of the printing press. Individual achievement, scientific inquiry and

new wealth set the stage for the Renaissance to match and even surpass Classical

Greece and Rome. Advancement from the Medieval into the Renaissance era

occurred primarily directly effecting art, literature, the sciences, and the

One of the most prominent changes in the aspects of society was the way in

which art was now depicted. In the Medieval times no expression appeared on the

faces of individuals because we were all a reflection of God. God’s children

and peoples clothes were all painted the same color. (Example, site reading)

Renaissance sculptures were proportioned to the human body and dramatic results

were achieved as did Michelangelo with his prized David. The main employer of

artists and painters was the Church or the Pope.(example, site reading). With

the transition of time to the Renaissance, more people were now working (site

reading), and had money, so they became the employer. The term used to describe

this was known as patronage. Art or realism changed as a result of the buyers

or purchasers of the works being people other than true representatives of the

Pope. Expressions of art, realism, was now depicted in the works of artists. In

their faces are seen love, fear, wrath, or even sorrow, at not being able to

understand the meaning of Christ.(Vasari, P.243) Other Renaissance pieces

included works in sculpture and in clay. These pieces portrayed some heads of

women that were smiling and some heads of boys that were issued from the hand of

a master. Also introduced in this era was many drawings of ground plans and

other designs of buildings, as well as designs of industrials mills and engines.

( Vasari, P.241) This helped set the stage for the modernization of Western

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