Regarding the statement that Coon & Mitterers’ made “In many ways adolescence and young adulthood are more emotionally turbulent than midlife or old age”, I totally agree. I feel that as a young adolescence many teenagers have no idea who they are or what place they are trying to get to in life. Where as a person that is in the midlife or old age stage has experienced so many things and different life scenerios that they are more likely to be aware of who they are and are more comfortable with who they are.
Some specific strategies that I would suggest in order to support a young person that I knew is experiencing an identity crisis would be to take time to reflect on what they want. Think about what things, activities, people and places that make them happy and feel good inside. Concentrate on the things that make you feel good about yourself and their life. I would also suggest that the eliminate anything that they feel is causing stress that they have control of (friends, inappropriate behaviors, drugs and alcohol) There are three levels in Kohlberg’s moral development.
The first level is preconventional level and it is the earliest stage of moral development guided by the consequences of actions. The second level is the conventional level,this stage of moral development is focused on living up to social expectations and roles. The last lvel which is the postconventional level is based upon universal ethical principles and abstract reasoning. At this stage, people follow these internalized principles of justice, even if they conflict with laws and rules. Gilligan’s ethic of caring and justice theory states that women think more caring and men do more justice.
Gilligan concluded women were not in fact deficient moral thinkers, but rather thought differently than men about issues of morality. In Erikson’s theory he mentions the different stages of an idividuals life cycle from birth to old age. Each stage conist of different developmental challenges. Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. I think a teenager would resort to attempting or completing suicide due to a bullying incident due to feeling that ending their own life would be the only way to end the bullying.
Also I feel as though teenagers are still searching to find who they really are in life, where the belong and what all life has to offer. The bullying can push them to the point to where they began to question that even more. When a person is bullied it may also seem that the person being bullied may feel they are too embarassed to talk to a adult or to someone who can actually help them move pass the bullying issue. Leading the teenager to feel hopeless, extremely depressed and not knowing that help is actually available.