Illegal drugs - Drugs Essay Example

Heroin

Originally created to help cure people of addiction to morphine Common method of use: Intravenous injection

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More Drugs, Cocaine Essay Topics.

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:

Low birth weight which can result in: language and other learning disabilities, behavior problems,etc Poor fetal growth
Premature delivery
Still birth
Premature rupture of membrane- bags of water that holds the fetus break too soon Born addicted to heroin which leads into being treated for withdrawal symptoms which include: diarrhea, sweating, high-pitched cry, tremors, and irritability Small head circumference

Disease from the mother and be passed on to the fetus (Syphilis, Hepatitis, HIV)

Cocaine

Crystalline tropane alkaloid from the leabes of the coca plant Stimulant of the central nervous system and an appetite suppressant Commonly used recreationally
Side effects: hyper activity, restlessness, increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, euphoria, some discomfort, depression, twitching, and paranoia.

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:
Increases risk of miscarriage
Premature labor
Still born
Irreversible brain damage
Low birth weight
Small head/ brain
Cuts the flow of blood and oxygen to the fetus
Cause the placenta to pull away from the wall of the uterus before labor begins Serious life long health problems
Withdrawal of drug

Methamphetamine (Meth or Ice)

Psychostimulant and sympathomimetic drug
Enters the brain and triggers a cascading release of norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin Prone to abuse and addiction
Withdrawal symptoms: excessive sleeping, eating and depression

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:
Premature birth
Birth deformities
Rapid increasing blood pressure which can cause: strokes or brain hemorrhages before birth Learning disabilities
Delay of development
Gastroschisis – when babies are born with a hole in their abdomen

Crack Cocaine (Crack)
Free base form of Cocaine
Cooked
Commonly smoked which allows it to reach the brain more quickly Usually in powder form
Named crack because when it is cooked it makes a cracking or popping noise when heated

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:
Withdrawal
Learning, physical, and mental disabilities
High risk of miscarriage
Premature labor
Low birth weight
Birth defects
Risk of stroke and heart problems

LSD
Lysergic acid diethylamide
One “trip” can cause long term psychoemotional effects
Can change personality and life perspective

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:
Cause user to act violently which may harm the baby
Low birth weight
Poor muscle control
Brain damage
Withdrawal
Birth defects

Ecstasy (MDMA)
Recreational used with sex and club drugs
Effects: awareness of senses, feelings of openness, euphoria, empathy, love, happiness, heightened self awareness, feeling of mental clarity, jaw clenching, and elevated pulse

Using ads, fliers and word-of-mouth, Singer and her colleagues recruited 96 women in London who admitted to using recreational drugs during pregnancy. They interviewed each woman on her drug use, including the month before the first trimester, because women may conceive during this time and not be aware of their pregnancy. After the babies were born, they were checked for health and developmental problems at the age of 1 month and 4 months. [11 Facts About Babies’ Brains] The study found no significant effects of Ecstasy use at the baby’s 1-month checkups, but they did notice a trend in which babies of moms who had used Ecstasy during their pregnancy moved slightly slower than their healthy counterparts.

At the 4-month checkup, this tendency became statistically significant: It was now clear that the babies of Ecstasy-using mothers had slow, delayed movements and overall delays in motor function. There was a dose-response effect to the drug, such that women who had used Ecstasy more heavily had more delayed babies. On average, each woman took a total of 25 Ecstasy tablets during pregnancy and the month before conception, though the majority of the women in the study stopped using the drug before the third trimester of pregnancy. Sixty-one percent of the participants said they took the Ecstasy at clubs or raves. The results held even after the researchers accounted for other variables that might impact a baby’s development, including expectant moms’ other drug and alcohol habits, as well as demographic factors.

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:
More likely to give birth to a male
Developmental delays

Opium
Resinous narcotic formed from latex released by lacerating the immature seed pods of opium poppies Effects: drowsiness, confusion, memory loss, sexual dysfunction, constipation, slurred speech, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss Risks of use: hepatitis, HIV

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:
Low birth weight
Delayed development
Risk of sudden infant death syndrome

Marijuana (Weed)
Cannabis herbal form
Crosses the placenta to the baby
Contains toxins

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:
Lack of oxygen that he or she needs to grow
Increases levels of carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in the blood Chance of miscarriage
Premature birth
Developmental delays
Behavioral and learning disabilities

Psilocybin Mushroom (Shrooms)
Fungi that contains the psychedelic substances psilocybin and psilocin Hallucinations

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:
Risk of miscarriage
Uterine contractions
Brain deformities
Psychological disorders

PCP (Phencyclidine, Angel Dust)
Used as an anesthetic agent
Hallucinogen
Creates distorted perceptions of the senses and a feeling of detachment from the environment and self

Effects on Pregnancy & Prenatal Development:
Low birth weight
Poor muscle control
Brain damage
Withdrawal

http://heroinbabies.pbworks.com/w/page/17918342/FrontPage
http://www.tgorski.com/Prevention/cocaine_use_during_pregnancy.htm http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancyhealth/illegaldrugs.html http://www.livescience.com/18943-ecstasy-pregnancy-development.html http://www.ehow.com/about_6646870_opium_s-effect-fetus.html

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