LEADERS AND THEIR STYLE OF LEADERSHIP
Leaders are individuals who carry a characteristic persona in them, they have a set of beliefs and paved pathway towards their destined success. Leadership qualities and traits differ with every Leader which is dependent on various factors. Analysing their Leadership qualities and traits gives us a coherent data about their manner of Leadership. This report presents the leadership styles of three leaders: 1. Donald Trump
2. Joseph Stalin
3. Benito Mussolini
Donald John Trump Sr. was born on the 14th of June, 1946 to Fred Trump, who was also a successful businessman. Fred was a self-made real estate millionaire located in New York City. Donald Trump acquired his graduation from a Military Academy, he had initially thought of joining the highly decorated pathway to Hollywood glory but instead he chose to follow his father’s footsteps and dove straight into the real estate business.
Trump fell no short of success, in his initial drive in the real estate business. He was quite successful in his initial endeavours especially when pertaining to Grand Hyatt and Wollman Rink. Incidentally, a recession hit in 1989 and Donald Trump began to go bankrupt. Most of his casino investments he made were financed using junk bonds and Trump found himself in debts of millions of dollar. Trump made negotiations with his creditors and till 1994 he managed to pay off his outstanding debts.
From 1997 onward, Donald Trump started to make his triumphant comeback. He continued to make successful real estate business across USA and Canada with increasing profits and financial gains. In March 2011, Forbes made an estimation of Donald Trump’s US$2.7 billion. Charisma: Donald Trump is a well-known figure in the business world and the Television Industry. His television show “TheApprentice” is one of the most highly watched reality shows in America which is simply due to his charismatic one-liners and the aura he brings along with himself on and off screen.
Intuition and Big Thinker: Donald Trump was always a big thinker. He believed in making big deals and huge investments in real estate because he saw potential. Although, Trump would land himself in debt, he would later on make even a stronger comeback. As a result, he became known throughout in the business world and became a TV personality as well. Energetic: Donald Trump is a man of zeal and enthusiasm.
He believes “Energy is what drives passion, and passion is something that makes the impossible possible.” Passion was the driving force behind being a leader. Donald Trump is passionate about what he is doing and where he is heading. He translates his energy down to his followers as well, gives his subordinates that motivation to run that extra mile, fight though another hour, spend one sleepless night working to get the job done. Perseverance: Although he collapsed into bankruptcy, Donald Trump has enough belief and confidence that he could pop right back into action, and where Donald Trump stands today is a live example of strength and perseverance.
Failure is part of life, and the harder you fall and heavier you should retaliate. Donald Trump is an exemplar when it comes to rubbing through tough times, greasing yourself out of your comfort zone and inscribe your name on the golden pallet of success.
“I like thinking big. If you’re going to be thinking anything, you might as well think big” -Donald Trump
Joseph Stalin, or Ioseb Besorionis dze Jugashvilli, was born on the 18th of December, 1878. Since childhood Stalin had suffered from smallpox and also had a deformed right hand. He was unfairly dealt with all throughout his life which lead to his desire and urge for attaining power, honour and respect. He was the de facto leader of the Soviet Union from the 1920s till his death in 1953. Joseph Stalin established the concept of “Sotsializma v Odnoy Strane” translated as “Socialism in One Country”.
He converted the Leninian policies being practised till the 1920 into a centralised command policy, a period of industrialization and collectivism followed which transformed the USSR into an industrial power from an agrarian society. Such economic changes didn’t go well with communists parties such as the Leon Trotsky, The Bolsheviks and various Red Army Leaders. Stalin was even blamed for the Soviet Famine of 1932-33 but he stood strong and tackled these soviet issues considering he was also entrapped deeply in the World Wars.
Joseph Stalin was a cunning and adroit politician and a stalwart leader for the Soviet Union. He reduced the steep tax rates and lowered priced for commonly used goods. While he was the leader in USSR, the inflation was 2.3%, compared to 3.5% in the United States of America. Was Joseph Stalin a Good Leader?
This is the very question that arises when a person considers Stalin as a leader. Considering the negative aspects of Stalin, one might say he was ruthless, arrogant and even worse than Hitler but did not get the worst of the hit because he won the World War. The Great Purge arose due to Stalin’s dynamic and to some extent cold-blooded leadership style. But on a personal note I have identified a few distinctive and motivational traits of Joseph Stalin.
Charisma: Stalin rose to power amidst the chaotic downfall of Lenin and in the midst of an economic submergence of USSR. He established himself as a social, economic and mass leader among the Soviet Union. Though scarred by his physical incapability and a failing personal life Stalin empower the state out of an economic cataclysm. Need for Power & Determination: Since childhood Stalin wanted domination and strength to emerge out of his subdued lifestyle and earn honour and respect. Pride was a key ingredient that Stalin put in his boiling pot of character development and utilized it till his death.
Conscientiousness: During his reign as the sovereign of USSR, Stalin faced major setbacks including deaths of close friends, wives and rebellions. During these times he remained vigilant and prudent and worked upon improving Russia’s degrading economy. Being forced into the Second World War, Stalin maintained a non-aggression treaty and was the most cult figure in the handling strategies and suggestions which single handily won the war for him.
Mass Motivator: Stalin was known for public speeches and debates, he had he enigmatic vigour in him to drive and motivate a crowd of people into following his beliefs and actions. What is to be noticed here is that even though USSR was going through a rough phase of mass deaths and violent rebellions against Stalinism, Joseph Stalin maintained a sturdy governance and grip though his resplendent vocal skills. Situational Leadership of Joseph Stalin:
All throughout his life Stalin went through situations and crisis which was deftly managed by him as well. Russian Revolution of 1917: Stalin had just returned from exile and had his face against the conflagration of Russian Revolution. He participated actively against the war and wrote in the newspaper, Pravda, slogans like “down with the war” and promoted citizens and soldiers to come out openly and express their views.
Russian Civil War 1917-1919: Stalin’s ruthless aggression was displayed in ending the counter-revolutionaries rebellions. He even went against the decisions of Trotsky and lead to the assassinations of various terrorizing groups in the USSR. Stalin’s Manner of handling crisis and revolution was both docile and ruthless at times. And now in retrospect we see that even though there were rebellions and agendas raised against him, Joseph Stalin managed to bring out Russia out of a national economic breakdown.
“I believe in one power only, the power of human will”
– Joseph Stalin
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was a Italian politician and journalist. Mussolini, as a young boy, worked in his father’s smithy. He got good grades in school and later got qualified for a professor in an elementary high school. His early political views were inspired by his He was also the leader of the National Fascist Party. In early 1907, Mussolini worked as a stone mason in Bern, Geneva and Fribourg. During these times he read articulate written works on Socialism, Syndicalism and Marxism.
In 1909, Mussolini started working as a journalist in Trento and practising his Socialism beliefs and by 1911 he became one of the most prominent socialists in Italy. Mussolini became a member of the Italian Socialist Party and with the outbreak of WWI, Mussolini left because he believed that the Allied forces would help Italy in retaining Italy’s Austria-Hungary Territory and the Socialist Part was against his views. He ruled Italy as her Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943.
Till 1925, Italy was run by him as a constitutional state but then after 1925 he declared “Dictatorial-ship” in the state and began to be known as the “Duce” translating to “The leader”. Mussolini was the member of the Italian Socialist Party and later on in 1922 after the March on Rome, Mussolini became the youngest Prime Minister of Italy. Initially Mussolini did his level best to start any uproar of war in Europe, but in 1939 Germany invaded Poland and in turn started the World War II. Was Benito Mussolini as a Good Leader?
Mussolini’s dictatorial reign lasted from 1922 to 1943 and is probably regarded as Adolf Hitler’s incapable ally who was thrown away by his own countrymen. But a peculiar thing to notice is his manner of fascist leadership which is now called economic fascism. Some of his policies and traits are surprisingly similar to Barrack Obama’s. Autocratic or Authoritarian Leadership: After 1925, Mussolini took individual control over all sorts of decisions and planning and allowed only little inputs from his subordinates.
He had his own set of beliefs and made choices based upon them. In order to prove his power he employed exploitation, coercion and intimidation. Mussolini was quick to take decisions and even quicker to take actions. In such manner of leadership Mussolini also took responsibility in every repercussions of his actions. Decision Maker and Ability to Delegate: Mussolini was a shrewd decision maker and centralized a system of bureaucracies.
It is noted by historian Mack Smith that “endless number of officials went in and out of Mussolini’s office, their job was to take orders from Benito and carry them out with ardent attention and discipline. Charisma: Over his period of dominance in Italy, Mussolini met various global leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi, Winston Churchill and George Bernard Shaw. All three have been noted and quoted in saying that Mussolini is one of the greatest statesman of their time and his socialist views must be adopted and carried forward.
With his charisma and enigmatic spirit, Mussolini controlled the Italian power towards attaining various national economic goals and retaining the Austria-Hungary Territory. Intuition and Geniality: Mussolini had an eager eye for the future, always chartered unmapped territories and discovered over new ways to improve Italy’s general say in Europe.
It’s been said and noted by many historians that Mussolini was affable and genial, he was clever and adept in critical situations and had an eager ear. Mussolini learned by which sharpened his intuition skills as well. It has been quoted by Times Reporter Anne O’Hare McCormick that “Mussolini was sometimes Julius Caesar, sometimes Napoleon, he was artful and masterful”
“All within the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state” – Benito Mussolini