This scene is an effective and dramatic opening to the play, as we meet the three witches, also known as the Weird Sisters. We quickly point out that these witches possess powers meant only for evil and pain, as they are already placed in a meeting area in a setting that only screams evil, since it is raining with lightning bolts striking the ground nearby. But what truly makes the witches evil in the sense is that they chant together of meeting with the main character Macbeth, which we have only heard of being good, which means they may be planning to either kill or corrupt the hero.
The witches also speak in iambic pentameter, this form of poetry is very well used as the witches speak in chants, giving the reader an even bigger sense of their evil. ACTA, SC. Ii . 1) Macbeth is introduced to us through a injured captain from a very recent battle, who is explaining how the battle is currently going to King Duncan, and how Macbeth is leading the men with violent battle strategies and fighting skills. The captain continues to praise Macbeth by saying furthermore how he is the bravest man in the battle field, killing enemies with each step he takes, with no fear what so ever.
Shakespeare does this so the reader can get an even better sense of Machete’s attributes, such as how strong, brave, and violent Macbeth is without even meeting the character yet. 2) “Doubtful it stood; as two spent swimmers, that do cling together and choke their art. ” This sentence (spoken by the wounded captain) uses imagery in order to describe whose favor the battle is currently going. The imagery translates into two drowning swimmers, clawing and drowning at each as they struggle to stay above water, and that death is equally likely for the other.
In conclusion the captain felt that the battle was very close to going either way for each battling side. As whence the sun ‘gins his reflection Shipwrecking storms and direful thunders break, So from that spring whence comfort seemed to come discomfort swells. ” The captain once again uses imagery’ to describe the final outcome of the battle, which is that the remaining Norwegian troops that were assisting the rebels had regrouped just as Dunce’s men thought they had the advantage.
The captain describes this by saying how a storm may appear even on a clear and sunny day, when everything seems fine, something may still happen. The purpose of this scene was to describe the beginnings of the Machete’s character. We learn here that he is a Scottish nobleman, a near kinsman of the old king, and a valiant warrior. In a single day he has routed two hostile armies, one of the Scotch rebels under MacDonald, whom he has slain with his own hand, the other that of the invading Norwegian under Swenson.
He has been assisted by another nobleman, Banquet, but the main glory of the victory is ascribed to Macbeth. Act l, SC. Iii 1) When encountering the witches, they first tell Macbeth of his prophecy. They tell him that he is to become the Thane of Castor, and that he is soon to become even King of Scotland. They then go to Banquet, they compare him o Macbeth using paradox’s, such as being greater then Macbeth, yet lesser, and how he is not so happy, and yet much happier. The witches then tell Banquet that the future generations of his family shall become kings, with the exception of Banquet himself.
The witches then depart, leaving Macbeth and Banquet to discuss with each other of the prophecies they have been given. Banquet recognizes the evil inside the witches, and so he simply ignores the prophecies, believing them to be fake. Macbeth on the other hand had always lingered the idea for the power one obtains as king, and for witches to appear room nowhere and prove that his thoughts would soon become true only entices Macbeth, causing him to truly believe that the prophecies are true. ) Macbeth has just discovered that, true to the witches’ prediction, he has been given the title of Thane of Castor. He is still ambivalent about the prophecy, claiming that it “cannot be ill, cannot be good. ” On the one hand, he has seen that he now is “earnest of success” in succeeding to the throne. On the other, he recognizes that to actually carry out the final stage of the prophecy, he will have to carry out deeds which will only make his heart mound against his ribs and cause his hair to stand up. This speech reveals a man who has just discovered that he is destined for great things in life.
At the same time, he realizes that the achievement of these things carries some frightening implications, and he is very torn. Act l, SC. Iv 1) There’s no art to find the mind’s construction in the face. ” King Duncan confesses in the speech above that he is unable to distinguish between true loyalty and the mere appearance Of loyalty in the case Of the former treacherous Thane of Castor, he then continues to make the same stake by replacing the former Thane with Macbeth whom he thinks is even more trustworthy then all the Thanes before him.
This is dramatically ironic as we the reader know that Macbeth is not to be trusted, as he already has plans to acquire power, just as the former Thane of Castor did so. “Stars, hide your fires! Let not light see my black and deep desires; the eye wink at the hand; yet let that be, which the eye fears, when it is done, to see. ” Macbeth says this as an aside after he learns that if King Duncan is to die, his son Malcolm shall inherit the Throne, while also giving him the title as the
Prince of Cumberland. Macbeth reveals his true feelings about this, as he makes it perfectly clear to the reader that he is planning to kill Duncan in order to gain the power and position he was so promised by the witches, as well as that it is his destiny. This is dramatically ironic as Macbeth says this as an aside, only Macbeth and the reader know his true desires, as those who trust him, should not. “True, worthy Banquet: he is full so valiant, and in his commendations am fed; It is a banquet to me.
Let’s after him, whose care is gone before to bid us welcome: It is a peerless kinsman. ” Dunce’s assessment of Macbeth as being “full so valiant” and a “peerless kinsmen” clearly highlights his naivety and gullibility. He has already in this scene confessed that he is unable to distinguish between true loyalty and the mere appearance of loyalty in the case of the former treacherous Thane of Castor, and this is only underlined by the way he makes the same mistake with Macbeth. Act l, SC. 1) When finished reading the letter from Macbeth, describing the encounter with the witches and of his new knowing and plans of taking the throne. Lady Macbeth is immediately aware of the significance of their prophetic words ND, on being informed that King Duncan will be paying a royal visit to Inverness, makes up her mind to carry out the murder of the king in order to hasten the prophecy. This shows that they have a close relationship, as they both share the same ideas of obtaining power. 2) It is revealed that just as her husband, she too craves the desire for power.
But what is also revealed is that Lady Macbeth is even more willing to kill Duncan then her husband. We are able to believe this as we know they have a very close relationship, meaning that Lady Macbeth knows her husband’s attributes. Such as how he s “too full Of the milk Of human kindness” to commit murder, meaning that Macbeth is so filled With morality that he is physically unable to kill Duncan. Lady Macbeth easily overcomes this problem by devising a plan to “pour (her) spirits in thin ear. ” Which is to simply convince Macbeth to kill Duncan.
Act l, SC. Vi 1) The significance of Lady Machete’s speech “To look like the innocent flower, but the serpent undercut. ” describes itself, which is too make everyone believe that you do good, while you really plan on doing evil. This sentence really comes into context when Duncan praises Lady Macbeth as she greatly accepts them. This is dramatically ironic as Duncan makes the same mistake as he did in scene six, by once again misjudging the flower, and refusing to see the serpent under it. Act l, SC. Ii 1) It disturbs Macbeth when wondering what will happen to him in the afterlife if he does kill Duncan, as the King is Gods representative on Earth, and to kill him would be the worst sin imaginable, as well as the fact that Macbeth would be killing his relative and guest. Of further concern to Macbeth is the disparity between his own reputation and the world’s perception of Duncan as a good and virtuous king. The ending of Machete’s speech is of him envisioning Dunce’s virtue and pity proclaimed as if by angels and cherubim from a storm-filled sky.
Macbeth concludes that he will not kill Duncan and suffer the judgment of God, this shows us that Macbeth is morally confused than ever before. His conscious has gone through radical changes of killing Duncan, to refusing to kill him. 2) During lines 18-28, Macbeth begins to compare King Duenna’s virtues as to that of angels. Implying that Macbeth has no virtues at all. 3) In order to convince Macbeth to overcome his fears and morality, Lady Macbeth bombards him with insults guarding his manhood, saying that she is more a man then he is. As she would do anything from killing a newborn while it is drinking her milk to get what she wants.
Saying “What beast waste then that made you break this enterprise to me? When you durst do it, then you were a man; And, to be more than what you were, you would be so much more the man. Nor time nor place did then adhere, and yet you would make both: They have made themselves, and that their fitness now does unmake you. Have given suck, and know how tender ‘its to love the babe that milks me: would, while it was milling in my face, have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums, And dash’s the brains out, had I so sworn as you eve done to this. She then begins to question Machete’s courage, and then says: ‘Was the hope drunk wherein you dressed yourself? Hath it slept since? And wakes it now, to look so green and pale at what it did so freely? From this time such I account thy love. Art thou afeard to be the same in thin own act and valor as thou art in desire? Wouldst thou have that which thou system’s the ornament Of life and live a coward in thin own esteem, Letting “l dare not” wait upon “I would” like the poor cat I’ the adage? Lady Macbeth questions Machete’s manliness, knowing that this is the greatest insult she can say to him.
Because Lady Macbeth and Macbeth are so close at the beginning of the play, she knows exactly how to manipulate him into committing murder. Act II, SC. I 1) Shakespeare allows for the two to have a conversation regarding their surroundings. First Banquet asks Balance what the night is like, who responds saying that the Moon has been covered by the clouds, meaning that it is pitch black. Banquet recognizes that there could be danger in the dark, as Heaven has gone to sleep, so he takes out his sword. Banquet also gives reason to why he cannot sleep, he believes that the ‘ Merciful powers!
Restrain in me the cursed thoughts that nature gives way in repose! Meaning that Banquet believes that something bad may happen tonight. 2) Banquet tells Macbeth that King Duncan went to bed in a very good mood, giving a diamond to Macbeth. Macbeth lies saying that they were unprepared for the king ;s visit, when instead he was planning on his murder. Banquet then goes On to say that he had a dream the other night of the three witches, and how a part of the prophecy has come true. Macbeth lies again saying he does not think of hem, when in actuality he thinks of their prophecy every day.
Macbeth then tries to bribe Banquet saying that there will be something in it for Banquet if he sticks with him. Banquet realizes that something is wrong with Macbeth so he simply plays along with Macbeth, saying yes to his bribe. 3) A) ‘Is this a dagger which see before me,the handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee. B) ‘Thou marshal’s me the way that I was going, And such an instrument I was to use. C) I see thee still, and on thy blade and dudgeon gout’s of blood, which was not so before. D) Now o’er the one half-world nature seems dead, and wicked dreams abuse he curtained sleep.
E) Hear not my steps, which way they walk, for fear thy very stones prate of my where about, and take the present horror from the time, which now suits with it. ‘ Act II, SC. Ii 1) This question was already completed for homework. Act II, SC. Iii 1) The porter of Machete’s castle, drunk from the previous night’s revels, imagines as if he is the porter for the gates of Hell. He imagines admitting a farmer who has committed suicide after a bad harvest, an “equivocator” who has committed a sin by swearing to half-truths, and an English tailor who stole cloth to make fashionable clothes and visited brothels.
This scene is meant to contribute to the dramatic quality of the play as a comic relief. 2) This scene acts as a distraction for the audience, bringing the play out of the dark atmosphere and replacing it with more comedy, just as the porter scene did. When let inside the castle, Lennox offers some more bawdy jokes, which allows the audience to not recognize that Macbeth could be washing his hands that moment from the murder. Lennox remarks upon the extraordinary weather of the previous night.
His catalogue of unnatural events, high winds, screaming and wailing voices, the calling of birds, and remorse in the earth, is apocalyptic in character and suggests a direct connection between the events of the universe at large and the events within the castle. 3) Macadam speaks of the dead King Duncan in religious terms, as in those days the king was meant to be the representative of God himself. And to kill someone of that meaning and recognition would be a direct insult to God and the heavens. 4) Macbeth cannot refrain from the use of metaphor may be an indication that he, too, cannot bear to consider the bloody truth.
His words are at once highly poetic and, at the same time, enormously revealing of the deep ironies f which Macbeth must be aware. Not only has he “murdered sleep,” but he has destroyed the actual fabric of nature. Act II, SC. Iv 1) The old man describes how the world that he knows and trusts has been turned on its head. All the named events are not simply natural disasters; they are reversals of the expected natural order: Daylight has been replaced by night; a falcon (a bird of prey) has been killed by an owl, a much smaller creature; and the horses of the king’s stables are said to have eaten each other.
The witches also speak in a manner such as the old man, but instead of speaking of what “has been” they speak of what ‘WI be. 2) After hearing Machete’s alibi concerning of the death of King Duncan, the other lords and nobles move on to the notion that maybe it was Dunce’s sons, Malcolm and Donaldson who murdered their father. As it was a very suspicious act for them to run away from Scotland. Malcolm to England, and Donaldson to Ireland. 3) Macadam’s decision to return home to Fife rather than travel to Scone to see Machete’s coronation is an open display Of opposition.
Establishing Macadam as Machete’s eventual nemesis. Act Ill, SC. I 1) Macbeth is still unhappy with his present conditions as king because his Houghton are still obsessed with the prophecy which the witches spoke of. He retells what the prophecy spoke of, saying that yes he would become king, but it would be a pointless crown in terms of future bloodline kings. As it was Banquet that was told who would never be king, but instead his bloodlines would become the next kings. 2) The entry of the hired murderers is a crucial element in the development of Machete’s character.
His use of others to do his dirty work presents him as politically powerful but morally weak. Long gone are the days when Macbeth would meet his enemy “front to front. Now he must commit murder with the seeming protection of distance, “something distant from the palace”. This scene also contrasts ironically the murderers’ pragmatic reaction to the idea of murder with Machete’s conscience-stricken one. Actual, SC. Ii 1) In the earlier murder, Lady Macbeth was most in command; in this murder, Macbeth is. Macbeth was the one who needed convincing; now the weaker role passes to his wife.
Machete’s line “make our faces viziers to our hearts” recalls Lady Machete’s earlier words “to beguile the time, look like the time. ” Machete’s injunction to the spirits of darkness “Come, selling night is an echo of the speech of Lady Machete’s beginning “Come, thick night . Act Ill, SC. Iii 1) The murder of Banquet is completely futile as far as Macbeth is concerned because he calls for the cancellation of the bond between himself and the world. Just as Lady Macbeth earlier wanted to lose her sex, Macbeth now desires to be rid of his humanity.