Hazrat Shah Walliullah was born in Dehli on 21st of Feburary 1703 A. D. At the special age of 15, Hazrat Shah Waliullah had completed his education and then become disciple of his father who gave himspiritual training. Twice he performed the Hajj pilgrimage. On reachingDelhi,he devoted most of his time in writing books . The teaching activity was limited to the lessons of Hadith.
His famous book “AL-TAfheematul llahia” minutely pen points all the various defects, shortcomings and vices, which had taken roots in various sections of the Muslims The mostmonumental task he performed was to translate the Quran from Arabic to Persian which the language spoken by the Muslims at that time in India. His aim was that educated Muslims may have access to the Quran without depending on the scholars who had opposed his reformatory measures.
Shah Waliullah also wrote books on Hadit,the principles of Hadith & Tafseer. His most popular book of “Hujatul Baligdh” explains how Islam wasfound suitable for all races,cultures and people of the world and how successfully itsolves social, moral, economic and political problems of human beings. Shah Waliullah was the first religious-political thinker who took the lead in the reawakening of the Muslims of the subcontinent. He belonged to the age when the Muslims were demoralized to a great degree.
The dacyaing condition of the Mughal empire and the rise of the Marhattas and Sikhs were a constant anxiety to him. In oreder t prevent the decay of Mughal Empire and the Muslim society, he invited Ahmad Shah Abdali (King of Afghanistan) to invade the subcontinent on the one hand and asked the Muslims to establish true Islam in the land, on the other. Shah Waliullah tried his best to reconcile the basic differences amongst the different sections of Muslims. He considered the government as an essential means for the regeneration of the Muslims.
Though he was not successful in his life time to prevent the decay of the Mughal and the Muslim society, his efforts at least resulted in the defeat of the Mathattas at the hands of the Muslim coalition under Ahmad Shah ABdali and Najib-ud-Din. Shah Waliullah died in Dehli on the year 1176 AH (1762AD) Pakistan Resolution: The Pakistan Resolution was moved by Mr. A. K. Fazalul Haq, the Premier of Bengal. Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman, M. L. A. , leader of the Opposition Party seconded the Resolution. The text is as follows: No Constituional plan would be workable in this country or acceptable to the Muslims unless it is designed on the following basic princinple namely that geographically, contrigous units are demarcated into a region which should be so constructed with such territorial readjustment as may be necessary, that the areas in which the Muslims are numerically in Majority as in the North-western & eastern zones of India, should be grouped to constitute independent states in which the constituent units shall be autonomous & Sovering.
Adequete effective & Mendetorysafeguards should be specifically provided in the sonstituion for the protection of their religious, cultured, economic, political, administrative & other rights. ” After the Lahore Resolution was passed there was a hue and cry in the Hindu, Dikh and British circles as well as in the newspapers whoch were owned by the British or Hindus. There were some Muslim groups ‘Momins’, ‘Ahrars’, ‘Shia Conference’ and ‘Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind’ called themselves as Nationalist Muslims and owned their allegiance to the Congress.