Smith, Peter K. “School Bullying.” Sociologia, Problemas E Praticas 71 (2013): 81-98. SocINDEX with Full Text. Web. 13 Apr. 2014.
Peter K. Smith focuses on school bullying while still covering the broad range of different types of bullying such as cyberbullying and biased or identity-biased bullying. Through the article he refers to the four waves of school bullying, beginning in in the 1970’s and finishing in the present year. He mentions research done in Europe that has been established to prevent bullying, possible causes and risk factors of victimization, and gives an insight on the prevalence of school bulling. Smith mentions school-based programs that have both failed and succeeded, showing that there are multiple ways to intervene. Smith argues that there is still a need in developing and continuing anti-bullying work, suggesting that while traditional bullying has not increased in the recent years, cyberbullying seems to become more predominant. He reminds the reader that the utopian outcome is to create safer environments for children.
While my topic is not focusing on school bullying, this journal entry does mention biased and identity biased bullying. Both of these are related to bullying that is directed towards one sexuality and one’s faith. In the article, Smith mentions the percentage that lesbian/gay/bisexual students felt victimized through bullying. The author also mentions family background factors that are found in bullies and victims. The information found in this journal entry helps me relate to the opposition in my paper, while still helping me find a resolution for the problem. Peter K. Smith is the Professor for Psychology at Goldsmith College, University of London; he is well known for his research on t.
. .in many different LGBT pride events. The interviewee was also a long term member of a church in their hometown where they participated in numerous events and fundraising. Wolkomir, Michelle. Be Not Deceived: The Sacred and Sexual Struggles of Gay and Ex-Gay Christian MenIn the book Be Not Deceived: The Sacred and Sexual Struggles of Gay and Ex-Gay Christian Men, author Michelle Wolkomir describes her observation with two different religious groups. One was with an ex-gay ministry called Exodus International, and the other is the Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches (MCC). Exodus was an organization that claimed to be able to change the sexual orientation of people, while MCC accepted the men whole-heatedly. During her observations she sat through the small groups and watched as each ministry tried to share their respected beliefs with the men.